2005 Chevrolet Aveo Owner Manual M
Seats and Restraint Systems
1-1
Driving Your Vehicle
4-1
Front Seats
1-2
Your Driving, the Road, and Your Vehicle
4-2
Rear Seats
1-6
Towing
4-35
Safety Belts
1-10
Service and Appearance Care
5-1
Child Restraints
1-28
Service
5-3
Airbag System
1-48
Fuel
5-5
Restraint System Check
1-54
Checking Things Under the Hood
5-10
Features and Controls
2-1
Headlamp Aiming
5-41
Keys
2-2
Bulb Replacement
5-41
Doors and Locks
2-7
Windshield Wiper Blade Replacement
5-47
Windows
2-12
Tires
5-48
Theft-Deterrent Systems
2-14
Appearance Care
5-70
Starting and Operating Your Vehicle
2-17
Vehicle Identification
5-78
Mirrors
2-33
Electrical System
5-79
Storage Areas
2-35
Capacities and Specifications
5-85
Sunroof
2-36
Normal Maintenance Replacement Parts
5-86
Instrument Panel
3-1
Maintenance Schedule
6-1
Instrument Panel Overview
3-4
Maintenance Schedule
6-2
Climate Controls
3-14
Customer Assistance and Information
7-1
Warning Lights, Gages, and Indicators
3-19
Customer Assistance and Information
7-2
Secondary Information Center (SIC)
3-26
Reporting Safety Defects
7-11
Audio System(s)
3-35
Index
1
Canadian Owners
A French language copy of this manual can be obtained
from your dealer or from:
Helm, Incorporated
P.O. Box 07130
Detroit, MI 48207
GENERAL MOTORS, GM, the GM Emblem,
How to Use This Manual
CHEVROLET, and the CHEVROLET Emblem are
registered trademarks; and the name AVEO is a
Many people read the owner manual from beginning
trademark of General Motors Corporation.
to end when they first receive their new vehicle. If this
This manual includes the latest information at the time
is done, it can help you learn about the features
it was printed. We reserve the right to make changes
and controls for the vehicle. Pictures and words work
after that time without further notice. For vehicles
together in the owner manual to explain things.
first sold in Canada, substitute the name “General
Motors of Canada Limited” for Chevrolet Motor Division
Index
whenever it appears in this manual.
A good place to quickly locate information about the
Keep this manual in the vehicle, so it will be there if
vehicle is the Index in the back of the manual. It is
it is needed while you are on the road. If the vehicle
an alphabetical list of what is in the manual and
is sold, leave this manual in the vehicle.
the page number where it can be found.
Litho in U.S.A.
Part No. 05AVEO A First Edition
© 2004 General Motors Corporation. All Rights Reserved.
ii
You will also find a circle
Safety Warnings and Symbols
with a slash through it in
There are a number of safety cautions in this book. We
this book. This safety
use a box and the word CAUTION to tell about things
symbol means “Do Not,”
that could hurt you if you were to ignore the warning.
“Do Not do this” or
“Do Not let this happen.”
{CAUTION:
These mean there is something that could hurt
you or other people.
In the caution area, we tell you what the hazard is.
Then we tell you what to do to help avoid or reduce the
hazard. Please read these cautions. If you do not,
you or others could be hurt.
iii
Vehicle Damage Warnings
Vehicle Symbols
Also, in this manual you will find these notices:
The vehicle has components and labels that use
symbols instead of text. Symbols are shown along with
Notice: These mean there is something that could
the text describing the operation or information
damage your vehicle.
relating to a specific component, control, message,
A notice tells about something that can damage the
gage, or indicator.
vehicle. Many times, this damage would not be covered
If you need help figuring out a specific name of a
by your vehicle’s warranty, and it could be costly. But
component, gage, or indicator, reference the
the notice will tell what to do to help avoid the damage.
following topics:
When you read other manuals, you might see
Seats and Restraint Systems in Section 1
CAUTION and NOTICE warnings in different colors
or in different words.
Features and Controls in Section 2
There are also warning labels on the vehicle.
Instrument Panel Overview in Section 3
They use the same words, CAUTION or NOTICE.
Climate Controls in Section 3
Warning Lights, Gages, and Indicators in Section 3
Audio System(s) in Section 3
Engine Compartment Overview in Section 5
iv
These are some examples of symbols that may be found on the vehicle:
v
NOTES
vi
Section 1
Seats and Restraint Systems
Front Seats
1-2
Child Restraint Systems
1-34
Manual Seats
1-2
Where to Put the Restraint
1-37
Driver Seat Height Adjuster
1-3
Top Strap
1-38
Reclining Seatbacks
1-3
Top Strap Anchor Location
1-39
Head Restraints
1-5
Lower Anchorages and Top Tethers for
Children (LATCH System)
1-40
Rear Seats
1-6
Securing a Child Restraint Designed for
Rear Seat Operation (Sedan)
1-6
the LATCH System
1-43
Rear Seat Operation (Hatchback)
1-7
Securing a Child Restraint in a
Safety Belts
1-10
Rear Seat Position
1-43
Safety Belts: They Are for Everyone
1-10
Securing a Child Restraint in the Right
Questions and Answers About Safety Belts
1-14
Front Seat Position
1-46
How to Wear Safety Belts Properly
1-15
Airbag System
1-48
Driver Position
1-15
Where Are the Airbags?
1-50
Shoulder Belt Height Adjustment
1-22
When Should an Airbag Inflate?
1-51
Safety Belt Use During Pregnancy
1-23
What Makes an Airbag Inflate?
1-52
Right Front Passenger Position
1-23
How Does an Airbag Restrain?
1-52
Rear Seat Passengers
1-23
What Will You See After an Airbag Inflates?
1-52
Center Rear Passenger Position
1-26
Servicing Your Airbag-Equipped Vehicle
1-54
Safety Belt Pretensioners
1-27
Safety Belt Extender
1-27
Restraint System Check
1-54
Checking Your Restraint Systems
1-54
Child Restraints
1-28
Replacing Restraint System Parts
Older Children
1-28
After a Crash
1-55
Infants and Young Children
1-30
1-1
Pull up and hold the bar
Front Seats
located under the front of
the seat to unlock it.
Manual Seats
{CAUTION:
You can lose control of the vehicle if you try to
adjust a manual driver’s seat while the vehicle
is moving. The sudden movement could startle
and confuse you, or make you push a pedal
when you do not want to. Adjust the driver’s
Slide the seat to where you want it and release the bar.
seat only when the vehicle is not moving.
Then try to move the seat with your body, to make
sure the seat is locked into place.
1-2
Driver Seat Height Adjuster
Reclining Seatbacks
To adjust the height of
the driver’s seat cushion,
turn the knob located
on the outboard side of
the seat cushion.
Turn the knob forward to raise the height of the seat
cushion and rearward to lower it.
To adjust the seatback, pull up the lever located on the
outboard side of the seat and move the seatback to
where you want it.
Release the lever and push rearward on the seatback to
make sure it is locked.
1-3
{CAUTION:
Sitting in a reclined position when your vehicle
is in motion can be dangerous. Even if you
buckle up, your safety belts can not do their
job when you are reclined like this.
The shoulder belt can not do its job because it
will not be against your body. Instead, it will be
in front of you. In a crash you could go into it,
receiving neck or other injuries.
The lap belt can not do its job either. In a
crash the belt could go up over your abdomen.
The belt forces would be there, not at your
pelvic bones. This could cause serious internal
But do not have a seatback reclined if your vehicle
injuries.
is moving.
For proper protection when the vehicle is in
motion, have the seatback upright. Then sit
well back in the seat and wear your safety belt
properly.
1-4
Head Restraints
Push in the release button and press down on the head
restraint in order to adjust the position downward.
To remove the head restraint, pull the head restraint all
the way up. Then push in the release button and lift
the head restraint from the guide sleeve.
Adjust your head restraint so that the top of the restraint
is closest to the top of your head. This position
Replace the head restraint and reset it in the original
reduces the chances of a neck injury in a crash.
position before driving.
Pull up the head restraint in order to adjust the position
Your vehicle may have adjustable rear seat head
upward.
restraints. Push in the release button and move the
head restraint to the desired position.
1-5
2. Pull up the release knob located on top of the rear
Rear Seats
seatback.
3. Fold the rear seatback forward and down.
Rear Seat Operation (Sedan)
4. Move the safety belts out of the space between the
seatback and the seat cushion so they are not in
Folding the Seatback
the way as the seat is being folded.
The rear seatbacks can be folded down to increase
cargo space.
{CAUTION:
To fold down the seatback, do the following:
1. If your vehicle has adjustable head restraints, push
the head restraints all the way.
If the seatback is not locked, it could move
forward in a sudden stop or crash. That could
cause injury to the person sitting there. Always
press rearward on the seatback to be sure it is
locked.
1-6
To fold down the seatback, do the following:
1. If your vehicle has adjustable head restraints, push
{CAUTION:
the head restraints down all the way.
A safety belt that is improperly routed, not
properly attached, or twisted will not provide
the protection needed in a crash. The person
wearing the belt could be seriously injured.
After raising the rear seatback, always check
to be sure that the safety belts are properly
routed and attached, and are not twisted.
To return the seatback to the upright position, do the
following:
1. Lift up the seatback and push it to its original
position. Ensure that the safety belts are not twisted
or caught under the seatback.
2. Pull up the release knob located on top of the rear
2. Push down firmly on the top of the seatback until it
seatback.
latches securely in the fully upright position.
3. Fold the rear seatback forward and down.
Rear Seat Operation (Hatchback)
4. Move the safety belts out of the space between the
seatback and the seat cushion so they are not in
Folding the Seatback
the way as the seat is being folded.
The rear seatbacks can be folded down to increase
cargo space.
1-7
5. Pull the release handles on the rear side of the seat
7. Clip the hook to the head restraint of the front seat
cushion to unlock the rear seat cushion.
to keep the rear seat secure.
6. Lift and fold up the seat.
8. Store the rear safety belts and buckles in the
storage area under the floor mat.
1-8
To return the seatback to the upright position, do the
following:
{CAUTION:
1.
Remove the safety belts and buckles from the
storage area.
If the seatback is not locked, it could move
2.
Unclip the hook from the head restraint of the
forward in a sudden stop or crash. That could
front seat.
cause injury to the person sitting there. Always
3.
Push the rear seat cushion downward to its original
press rearward on the seatback to be sure it is
position until it latches securely.
locked.
4.
Lift up the seatback and push it to its original
position. Ensure that the safety belts are not twisted
or caught under the seatback.
5.
Push down firmly on the top of the seatback until it
{CAUTION:
latches securely in the fully upright position.
6.
Place the rear safety belts in their original position
A safety belt that is improperly routed, not
between the rear seatback and the seat cushion.
properly attached, or twisted will not provide
the protection needed in a crash. The person
wearing the belt could be seriously injured.
After raising the rear seatback, always check
to be sure that the safety belts are properly
routed and attached, and are not twisted.
1-9
Safety Belts
{CAUTION:
Safety Belts: They Are for Everyone
It is extremely dangerous to ride in a cargo
This part of the manual tells you how to use safety
area, inside or outside of a vehicle. In a
belts properly. It also tells you some things you should
collision, people riding in these areas are more
not do with safety belts.
likely to be seriously injured or killed. Do not
allow people to ride in any area of your vehicle
that is not equipped with seats and safety
{CAUTION:
belts. Be sure everyone in your vehicle is in
a seat and using a safety belt properly.
Do not let anyone ride where he or she can
not wear a safety belt properly. If you are in a
crash and you are not wearing a safety belt,
Your vehicle has a light
your injuries can be much worse. You can hit
that comes on as a
things inside the vehicle or be ejected from it.
reminder to buckle up.
You can be seriously injured or killed. In the
See Safety Belt Reminder
same crash, you might not be, if you are
Light on page 3-27.
buckled up. Always fasten your safety belt,
and check that your passengers’ belts are
fastened properly too.
In most states and in all Canadian provinces, the law
says to wear safety belts. Here’s why: They work.
1-10
You never know if you’ll be in a crash. If you do have
Why Safety Belts Work
a crash, you don’t know if it will be a bad one.
When you ride in or on anything, you go as fast as
A few crashes are mild, and some crashes can be so
it goes.
serious that even buckled up, a person wouldn’t survive.
But most crashes are in between. In many of them,
people who buckle up can survive and sometimes walk
away. Without belts they could have been badly hurt
or killed.
After more than 30 years of safety belts in vehicles,
the facts are clear. In most crashes buckling up
does matter... a lot!
Take the simplest vehicle. Suppose it’s just a seat
on wheels.
1-11
Put someone on it.
Get it up to speed. Then stop the vehicle. The rider
doesn’t stop.
1-12
The person keeps going until stopped by something.
or the instrument panel...
In a real vehicle, it could be the windshield...
1-13
Questions and Answers About
Safety Belts
Q: Will I be trapped in the vehicle after an accident
if I am wearing a safety belt?
A: You could be — whether you are wearing a safety
belt or not. But you can unbuckle a safety belt, even
if you are upside down. And your chance of being
conscious during and after an accident, so you can
unbuckle and get out, is much greater if you are
belted.
Q: If my vehicle has airbags, why should I have to
wear safety belts?
or the safety belts!
A: Airbags are in many vehicles today and will be in
most of them in the future. But they are supplemental
With safety belts, you slow down as the vehicle does.
systems only; so they work with safety belts — not
You get more time to stop. You stop over more distance,
instead of them. Every airbag system ever offered for
and your strongest bones take the forces. That’s why
sale has required the use of safety belts. Even if you
safety belts make such good sense.
are in a vehicle that has airbags, you still have to
buckle up to get the most protection. That is true not
only in frontal collisions, but especially in side and
other collisions.
1-14
Q: If I am a good driver, and I never drive far from
How to Wear Safety Belts Properly
home, why should I wear safety belts?
This part is only for people of adult size.
A: You may be an excellent driver, but if you are in an
Be aware that there are special things to know about
accident — even one that is not your fault — you
safety belts and children. And there are different
and your passengers can be hurt. Being a good
rules for smaller children and babies. If a child will be
driver does not protect you from things beyond
riding in your vehicle, see Older Children on page 1-28
your control, such as bad drivers.
or Infants and Young Children on page 1-30. Follow
those rules for everyone’s protection.
Most accidents occur within 25 miles (40 km)
of home. And the greatest number of serious
First, you will want to know which restraint systems your
injuries and deaths occur at speeds of less than
vehicle has.
40 mph (65 km/h).
We will start with the driver position.
Safety belts are for everyone.
Driver Position
Lap-Shoulder Belt
The driver has a lap-shoulder belt. Here is how to
wear it properly.
1. Close and lock the door.
2. Adjust the seat so you can sit up straight.
To see how, see “Seats” in the Index.
1-15
3. Pick up the latch plate and pull the belt across you.
5. To make the lap part tight, pull down on the buckle
Do not let it get twisted.
end of the belt as you pull up on the shoulder belt.
The shoulder belt may lock if you pull the belt
across you very quickly. If this happens, let the belt
go back slightly to unlock it. Then pull the belt
across you more slowly.
4. Push the latch plate into the buckle until it clicks.
Pull up on the latch plate to make sure it is secure.
If the belt is not long enough, see Safety Belt
Extender on page 1-27.
Make sure the release button on the buckle is
positioned so you would be able to unbuckle the
safety belt quickly if you ever had to.
1-16
The lap part of the belt should be worn low and snug
on the hips, just touching the thighs. In a crash,
this applies force to the strong pelvic bones. And you
would be less likely to slide under the lap belt. If you slid
under it, the belt would apply force at your abdomen.
This could cause serious or even fatal injuries. The
shoulder belt should go over the shoulder and across
the chest. These parts of the body are best able to take
belt restraining forces.
The safety belt locks if there is a sudden stop or crash,
or if you pull the belt very quickly out of the retractor.
1-17
Q: What is wrong with this?
{CAUTION:
You can be seriously hurt if your shoulder
belt is too loose. In a crash, you would move
forward too much, which could increase injury.
The shoulder belt should fit against your body.
A: The shoulder belt is too loose. It will not give nearly
as much protection this way.
1-18
Q: What is wrong with this?
{CAUTION:
You can be seriously injured if your belt is
buckled in the wrong place like this. In a crash,
the belt would go up over your abdomen. The
belt forces would be there, not at the pelvic
bones. This could cause serious internal
injuries. Always buckle your belt into the
buckle nearest you.
A: The belt is buckled in the wrong place.
1-19
Q: What is wrong with this?
{CAUTION:
You can be seriously injured if you wear the
shoulder belt under your arm. In a crash, your
body would move too far forward, which would
increase the chance of head and neck injury.
Also, the belt would apply too much force to
the ribs, which are not as strong as shoulder
bones. You could also severely injure internal
organs like your liver or spleen.
A: The shoulder belt is worn under the arm. It should
be worn over the shoulder at all times.
1-20
Q: What is wrong with this?
{CAUTION:
You can be seriously injured by a twisted belt.
In a crash, you would not have the full width
of the belt to spread impact forces. If a belt
is twisted, make it straight so it can work
properly, or ask your dealer to fix it.
A: The belt is twisted across the body.
1-21
Shoulder Belt Height Adjustment
Before you begin to drive, move the shoulder belt height
adjuster to the height that is right for you. Adjust the
height so that the shoulder portion of the belt is centered
on your shoulder. The belt should be away from your
face and neck, but not falling off your shoulder.
To unlatch the belt, just push the button on the buckle.
The belt should go back out of the way.
Before you close the door, be sure the belt is out of
the way. If you slam the door on it, you can damage
both the belt and your vehicle.
To move the shoulder belt height adjuster down, press
the release button and move the height adjuster to
the desired position. After you move the height adjuster
to where you want it, try to move it down without
pressing the release button to make sure it has locked
into position.
1-22
Safety Belt Use During Pregnancy
Right Front Passenger Position
Safety belts work for everyone, including pregnant
To learn how to wear the right front passenger’s safety
women. Like all occupants, they are more likely to be
belt properly see, Driver Position on page 1-15.
seriously injured if they do not wear safety belts.
The right front passenger’s safety belt works the same
way as the driver’s safety belt.
Rear Seat Passengers
It is very important for rear seat passengers to buckle
up! Accident statistics show that unbelted people in
the rear seat are hurt more often in crashes than those
who are wearing safety belts.
Rear passengers who are not safety belted can be
thrown out of the vehicle in a crash. And they can strike
others in the vehicle who are wearing safety belts.
A pregnant woman should wear a lap-shoulder belt,
and the lap portion should be worn as low as possible,
below the rounding, throughout the pregnancy.
The best way to protect the fetus is to protect the
mother. When a safety belt is worn properly, it is more
likely that the fetus will not be hurt in a crash. For
pregnant women, as for anyone, the key to making
safety belts effective is wearing them properly.
1-23
Rear Seat Outside Positions
2. Push the latch plate into the buckle until it clicks.
Be sure you are using the correct buckle and that
Lap-Shoulder Belt
the latch plate clicks when inserted into the buckle.
The positions next to the windows have lap-shoulder
belts. Here is how to wear a lap-shoulder belt properly.
If the belt stops before it reaches the buckle, tilt the
latch plate and keep pulling until you can buckle it.
1. Pick up the latch plate and pull the belt across you.
Pull up on the latch plate to make sure it is secure.
Do not let it get twisted.
If the belt is not long enough, see Safety Belt
The shoulder belt may lock if you pull the belt
Extender on page 1-27.
across you very quickly. If this happens, let the
Make sure the release button on the buckle is
belt go back slightly to unlock it. Then pull the
positioned so you would be able to unbuckle the
belt across you more slowly.
safety belt quickly if you ever had to.
1-24
3. To make the lap part tight, pull down on the buckle
end of the belt as you pull up on the shoulder part.
The lap part of the belt should be worn low and snug
on the hips, just touching the thighs. In a crash this
applies force to the strong pelvic bones. And you would
be less likely to slide under the lap belt. If you slid
under it, the belt would apply force at your abdomen.
This could cause serious or even fatal injuries. The
shoulder belt should go over the shoulder and across
the chest. These parts of the body are best able to take
belt restraining forces.
The safety belt locks if there is a sudden stop or a crash,
or if you pull the belt very quickly out of the retractor.
1-25
Center Rear Passenger Position
{CAUTION:
Your vehicle has a removable safety belt in the center
rear seating position.
You can be seriously hurt if your shoulder
Here is how to use the center rear safety belt.
belt is too loose. In a crash, you would move
1. Pull the center rear safety belt from the retractor.
forward too much, which could increase injury.
2. Push the latch plate at the end of the safety
The shoulder belt should fit against your body.
belt strap into the buckle with the black release
button until the mechanism clicks. Make sure the
strap is not twisted. The sliding latch plate will face
the front of the vehicle.
3. Pick up the sliding latch plate and pull the belt
across you. Do not let it get twisted.
The shoulder belt may lock if you pull the belt
across you very quickly. If this happens, let the
belt go back slightly to unlock it. Then pull the belt
across you more slowly.
To unlatch the belt, just push the button on the buckle.
1-26
4. Push the latch plate into the buckle labeled
Safety Belt Extender
“CENTER”.
If the belt stops before it reaches the buckle, tilt the
If the vehicle’s safety belt will fasten around you, you
latch plate and keep pulling until you can buckle it.
should use it.
Pull up on the latch plate to make sure it is secure.
But if a safety belt is not long enough, your dealer will
order you an extender. It is free. When you go in to
Make sure the release button on the buckle is
order it, take the heaviest coat you will wear, so
positioned so you would be able to unbuckle the
the extender will be long enough for you. To help avoid
safety belt quickly if you ever had to.
personal injury, do not let someone else use it, and
5. To make the lap part tight, pull down the buckle end
use it only for the seat it is made to fit. The extender
of the belt as you pull up on the shoulder part.
has been designed for adults. Never use it for securing
child seats. To wear it, just attach it to the regular
safety belt. For more information, see the instruction
Safety Belt Pretensioners
sheet that comes with the extender.
Your vehicle has safety belt pretensioners for the driver
and right front passenger. They help the safety belts
reduce a person’s forward movement in a moderate to
severe crash in which the front of the vehicle hits
something.
Pretensioners work only once. If they activate in a
crash, you will need to get new ones, and probably other
new parts for your safety belt system. See Replacing
Restraint System Parts After a Crash on page 1-55.
1-27
Child Restraints
Q: What is the proper way to wear safety belts?
A: If possible, an older child should wear a
Older Children
lap-shoulder belt and get the additional restraint
a shoulder belt can provide. The shoulder belt
should not cross the face or neck. The lap
belt should fit snugly below the hips, just touching
the top of the thighs. It should never be worn
over the abdomen, which could cause severe
or even fatal internal injuries in a crash.
Accident statistics show that children are safer if they
are restrained in the rear seat.
In a crash, children who are not buckled up can strike
other people who are buckled up, or can be thrown
out of the vehicle. Older children need to use safety
belts properly.
Older children who have outgrown booster seats should
wear the vehicle’s safety belts.
1-28
Q: What if a child is wearing a lap-shoulder belt,
but the child is so small that the shoulder belt
is very close to the child’s face or neck?
A: If the child is sitting in a seat next to a window,
move the child toward the center of the vehicle.
If the child is sitting in the center rear seat
passenger position, move the child toward the
safety belt buckle. In either case, be sure that
the shoulder belt still is on the child’s shoulder,
so that in a crash the child’s upper body would
have the restraint that belts provide.
{CAUTION:
Never do this.
Here two children are wearing the same belt.
The belt can not properly spread the impact
forces. In a crash, the two children can be
crushed together and seriously injured. A belt
must be used by only one person at a time.
1-29
Wherever the child sits, the lap portion of the belt
should be worn low and snug on the hips, just touching
the child’s thighs. This applies belt force to the child’s
pelvic bones in a crash.
Infants and Young Children
Everyone in a vehicle needs protection! This includes
infants and all other children. Neither the distance
traveled nor the age and size of the traveler changes
the need, for everyone, to use safety restraints. In
fact, the law in every state in the United States and in
every Canadian province says children up to some
age must be restrained while in a vehicle.
Every time infants and young children ride in vehicles,
they should have the protection provided by appropriate
restraints. Young children should not use the vehicle’s
{CAUTION:
adult safety belts alone, unless there is no other choice.
Instead, they need to use a child restraint.
Never do this.
Here a child is sitting in a seat that has a
lap-shoulder belt, but the shoulder part is
behind the child. If the child wears the belt
in this way, in a crash the child might slide
under the belt. The belt’s force would then
be applied right on the child’s abdomen.
That could cause serious or fatal injuries.
1-30
{CAUTION:
People should never hold a baby in their
arms while riding in a vehicle. A baby does
not weigh much — until a crash. During a
crash a baby will become so heavy it is not
possible to hold it. For example, in a crash at
only 25 mph (40 km/h), a 12 lb (5.5 kg) baby
will suddenly become a 240 lb (110 kg) force
on a person’s arms. A baby should be secured
in an appropriate restraint.
1-31
{CAUTION:
Children who are up against, or very close to,
any airbag when it inflates can be seriously
injured or killed. Airbags plus lap-shoulder
belts offer protection for adults and older
children, but not for young children and
infants. Neither the vehicle’s safety belt system
nor its airbag system is designed for them.
Young children and infants need the protection
that a child restraint system can provide.
Q: What are the different types of add-on child
restraints?
A: Add-on child restraints, which are purchased by the
vehicle’s owner, are available in four basic types.
Selection of a particular restraint should take
into consideration not only the child’s weight, height
and age but also whether or not the restraint will
be compatible with the motor vehicle in which it
will be used.
1-32
For most basic types of child restraints, there are
many different models available. When purchasing
{CAUTION:
a child restraint, be sure it is designed to be
used in a motor vehicle. If it is, the restraint will
have a label saying that it meets federal motor
The body structure of a young child is quite
vehicle safety standards.
unlike that of an adult or older child, for whom
The restraint manufacturer’s instructions that come
the safety belts are designed. A young child’s
with the restraint, state the weight and height
hip bones are still so small that the vehicle’s
limitations for a particular child restraint. In addition,
regular safety belt may not remain low on the
there are many kinds of restraints available for
hip bones, as it should. Instead, it may settle
children with special needs.
up around the child’s abdomen. In a crash,
the belt would apply force on a body area that
is unprotected by any bony structure. This
{CAUTION:
alone could cause serious or fatal injuries.
Young children always should be secured in
appropriate child restraints.
Newborn infants need complete support,
including support for the head and neck.
This is necessary because a newborn infant’s
neck is weak and its head weighs so much
compared with the rest of its body. In a crash,
an infant in a rear-facing seat settles into
the restraint, so the crash forces can be
distributed across the strongest part of an
infant’s body, the back and shoulders. Infants
always should be secured in appropriate
infant restraints.
1-33
Child Restraint Systems
A rear-facing infant seat (B) provides restraint with the
seating surface against the back of the infant. The
An infant car bed (A), a special bed made for use in a
harness system holds the infant in place and, in a crash,
motor vehicle, is an infant restraint system designed
acts to keep the infant positioned in the restraint.
to restrain or position a child on a continuous flat
surface. Make sure that the infant’s head rests toward
the center of the vehicle.
1-34
A forward-facing child seat (C-E) provides restraint for
A booster seat (F-G) is a child restraint designed to
the child’s body with the harness and also sometimes
improve the fit of the vehicle’s safety belt system. Some
with surfaces such as T-shaped or shelf-like shields.
booster seats have a shoulder belt positioner, and
some high-back booster seats have a five-point harness.
A booster seat can also help a child to see out the
window.
1-35
When choosing a child restraint, be sure the child
Q: How do child restraints work?
restraint is designed to be used in a vehicle. If it is,
A: A child restraint system is any device designed for
it will have a label saying that it meets federal motor
use in a motor vehicle to restrain, seat, or position
vehicle safety standards.
children. A built-in child restraint system is a
Then follow the instructions for the restraint. You may
permanent part of the motor vehicle. An add-on
find these instructions on the restraint itself or in a
child restraint system is a portable one, which
booklet, or both. These restraints use the belt system or
is purchased by the vehicle’s owner.
the LATCH system in your vehicle, but the child also
has to be secured within the restraint to help reduce the
For many years, add-on child restraints have
chance of personal injury. When securing an add-on
used the adult belt system in the vehicle. To help
child restraint, refer to the instructions that come with
reduce the chance of injury, the child also has
the restraint which may be on the restraint itself or in a
to be secured within the restraint. The vehicle’s belt
booklet, or both, and to this manual. The child restraint
system secures the add-on child restraint in the
instructions are important, so if they are not available,
vehicle, and the add-on child restraint’s harness
obtain a replacement copy from the manufacturer.
system holds the child in place within the restraint.
One system, the three-point harness, has straps that
come down over each of the infant’s shoulders and
buckle together at the crotch. The five-point harness
system has two shoulder straps, two hip straps and
a crotch strap. A shield may take the place of hip
straps. A T-shaped shield has shoulder straps that
are attached to a flat pad which rests low against the
child’s body. A shelf- or armrest-type shield has
straps that are attached to a wide, shelf-like shield
that swings up or to the side.
1-36
There are a couple of things you need to know about
Where to Put the Restraint
using child restraints in your rear seat:
Accident statistics show that children are safer if they
are restrained in the rear rather than the front seat.
If you use a child
We, therefore, recommend that child restraints be
restraint in the center
secured in a rear seat, including an infant riding in a
rear seating position, the
rear-facing infant seat, a child riding in a forward-facing
safety belts and the
child seat and an older child riding in a booster seat.
child restraint LATCH
Never put a rear-facing child restraint in the front
anchors for the rear
passenger seat. Here is why:
outside seating positions
will not be accessible.
{CAUTION:
Therefore, you will not be able to secure child restraints
or have passengers ride in the rear outside seating
positions.
A child in a rear-facing child restraint can be
seriously injured or killed if the right front
If you use two child
passenger’s airbag inflates. This is because the
restraints in the rear
back of the rear-facing child restraint would be
outside seating positions,
very close to the inflating airbag. Always secure
the safety belt for the
center rear seat position
a rear-facing child restraint in a rear seat.
will not be accessible.
If you need to secure a forward-facing child
restraint in the right front seat, always move the
front passenger seat as far back as it will go.
Therefore, you will not be able to secure a child
It is better to secure the child restraint in a
restraint or have a passenger ride in the center rear
rear seat.
seating position.
1-37
Wherever you install it, be sure to secure the child
restraint properly.
Keep in mind that an unsecured child restraint can
move around in a collision or sudden stop and injure
people in the vehicle. Be sure to properly secure
any child restraint in your vehicle — even when no
child is in it.
Top Strap
Some child restraints have a top strap, or “top tether.”
It can help restrain the child restraint during a collision.
For it to work, a top strap must be properly anchored
to the vehicle. Some top strap-equipped child restraints
are designed for use with or without the top strap
In Canada, the law requires that forward-facing child
being anchored. Others require the top strap always
restraints have a top strap, and that the strap be
to be anchored. Be sure to read and follow the
anchored. In the United States, some child restraints
instructions for your child restraint. If yours requires
also have a top strap. If your child restraint has a
that the top strap be anchored, do not use the restraint
top strap, it should be anchored.
unless it is anchored properly.
If the child restraint does not have a top strap, one
If the position you are using has an adjustable head
can be obtained, in kit form, for many child restraints.
restraint, raise the head restraint and route the top strap
Ask the child restraint manufacturer whether or not
under it. See Head Restraints on page 1-5.
a kit is available.
If your vehicle is a hatchback, remove the cargo cover.
The cargo cover should remain off while the top
strap anchor is in use.
1-38
In order to access the top strap anchor, remove the
Top Strap Anchor Location
anchor’s plastic cover by squeezing and pulling the front
part of the cover in the direction shown by the arrow.
Top strap anchors are already installed in your vehicle
The plastic cover should remain off while the top
for the rear seating positions.
strap anchor is in use.
Do not secure a child restraint in the right front
Anchor the top strap to an anchor point specified in
passenger’s position if a national or local law requires
Top Strap Anchor Location on page 1-39. Be sure to
that the top strap be anchored, or if the instructions
use an anchor point located on the same side of
that come with the child restraint say that the top strap
the vehicle as the seating position where the child
must be anchored. There is no place to anchor the
restraint will be placed.
top strap in this position.
{CAUTION:
Each top tether bracket is designed to anchor
only one child restraint. Attaching more than
one child restraint to a single bracket could
cause the anchor to come loose or even break
during a crash. A child or others could be
injured if this happens. To help prevent injury
to people and damage to your vehicle, attach
only one child restraint per bracket.
Once you have the top strap anchored, you will be
Sedan
ready to secure the child restraint itself. Tighten the top
strap when and as the child restraint manufacturer’s
You will find the three anchors on your sedan behind
instructions say.
the rear seat on the filler panel.
1-39
The plastic cover has a
child restraint anchor on
it as shown.
Squeeze and pull the front part of the plastic cover in
the direction shown by the arrow in order to access the
top strap anchors.
Lower Anchorages and Top Tethers
for Children (LATCH System)
Hatchback
Your vehicle has the LATCH system. You will find
You will find the three anchors (B) on your hatchback in
anchors for the rear outside seating positions.
the rear cargo area, attached to the back wall (A) of
the vehicle. Remove the cargo cover before installing
There is not room for three child restraints in the rear
the top strap. The cargo cover should remain off
seat, but you can install two child restraints, one in each
while the top strap anchor is in use.
rear outside seat position. If you need to install two
child restraints in the rear seat, see Where to Put the
Each top strap anchor is covered by a plastic cover
Restraint on page 1-37.
when not in use.
This system, designed to make installation of child
restraints easier, does not use the vehicle’s safety belts.
Instead, it uses vehicle anchors and child restraint
attachments to secure the restraints. Some restraints
also use another vehicle anchor to secure a top
tether strap.
1-40
A. Lower Anchorage
A. Lower Anchorage
B. Lower Anchorage
B. Lower Anchorage
C. Top Tether
In order to use the LATCH system in your vehicle, you
need a child restraint designed for that system.
1-41
To assist you in locating
the lower anchors for this
child restraint system,
{CAUTION:
each seating position with
the LATCH system has
If a LATCH-type child restraint is not attached
a label on the seatback at
to its anchorage points, the restraint will not
each lower anchor
be able to protect the child correctly. In a
position.
crash, the child could be seriously injured
or killed. Make sure that a LATCH-type child
The labels are located near the base of the rear outside
restraint is properly installed using the
seating positions.
anchorage points, or use the vehicle’s safety
Your vehicle may have zippers over the lower anchor
belts to secure the restraint, following the
areas. If so, unzip the seat cover below the labels
instructions that came with that restraint, and
to access each lower anchor.
also the instructions in this manual.
1-42
Securing a Child Restraint Designed
Securing a Child Restraint in a
for the LATCH System
Rear Seat Position
There is not room for three child restraints in the rear
If your child restraint is equipped with the LATCH
seat, but you can install two child restraints, one in
system, see Lower Anchorages and Top Tethers for
each rear outside seating position. If you need to install
Children (LATCH System) on page 1-40. See Top Strap
two child restraints in the rear seat, see Where to
on page 1-38 if the child restraint has one.
Put the Restraint on page 1-37.
If your child restraint does not have the LATCH system,
1.
Find the LATCH anchorages for the seating
you will be using the lap-shoulder belt to secure the
position you want to use, where the bottom of the
child restraint. Be sure to follow the instructions
seatback meets the back of the seat cushion.
that came with the child restraint. Secure the child in the
See Lower Anchorages and Top Tethers for
child restraint when and as the instructions say.
Children (LATCH System) on page 1-40.
If you need to install more than one child restraint in the
2.
Put the child restraint on the seat.
rear seat, be sure to read Where to Put the Restraint
3.
Attach and tighten the LATCH attachments on the
on page 1-37. There is not room for three child restraints
child restraint to the LATCH anchorages in the
in the rear seat, but you can install two child restraints,
vehicle. The child restraint instructions will show
one in each rear outside seating position.
you how.
1. Put the child restraint on the seat.
4.
If the child restraint is forward-facing, attach and
2. Pick up the latch plate, and run the lap and shoulder
tighten the top tether to the top tether anchorage.
portions of the vehicle’s safety belt through or
The child restraint instructions will show you
around the restraint. The child restraint instructions
how. Also see Top Strap on page 1-38.
will show you how.
5.
Push and pull the child restraint in different
directions to be sure it is secure.
To remove the child restraint, simply unhook the top
tether from the top tether anchorage and then disconnect
the LATCH attachments from the LATCH anchorages.
1-43
3. Buckle the belt. Be sure the latch plate clicks when
4. Pull the rest of the shoulder belt all the way out of
you put it into the buckle. This means you are using
the retractor to set the lock.
the correct buckle. Also, make sure the release
button is positioned so you would be able to
unbuckle the safety belt quickly if you ever had to.
1-44
5. To tighten the belt, push down on the child restraint,
pull the shoulder portion of the belt to tighten the
lap portion of the belt and feed the shoulder
belt back into the retractor. If you are using a
forward-facing child restraint, you may find it helpful
to use your knee to push down on the child
restraint as you tighten the belt.
6. Push and pull the child restraint in different
directions to be sure it is secure.
To remove the child restraint, just unbuckle the vehicle’s
safety belt and let it go back all the way. The safety
belt will move freely again and be ready to work for an
adult or larger child passenger.
1-45
Securing a Child Restraint in the
Right Front Seat Position
{CAUTION:
If your child restraint is equipped with the LATCH
A child in a rear-facing child restraint can be
system, see Lower Anchorages and Top Tethers for
seriously injured or killed if the right front
Children (LATCH System) on page 1-40.
passenger’s airbag inflates. This is because
There is no top strap anchor in the right front
the back of the rear-facing child restraint
passenger’s position. Do not secure a child seat in
would be very close to the inflating airbag.
this position if a national or local law requires that
Always secure a rear-facing child restraint
the top strap be anchored, or if the instructions that
come with the child restraint say that the top strap
in a rear seat.
must be anchored. See Top Strap on page 1-38 if
the child restraint has one.
A rear seat is a safer place to secure a forward-facing
Your vehicle has a right front passenger airbag.
child restraint. If you need to secure a forward-facing
Never put a rear-facing child restraint in this seat.
child restraint in the right front seat, you will be using the
Here is why:
lap-shoulder belt to secure the child restraint. Be sure
to follow the instructions that came with the child
restraint. Secure the child in the child restraint when
and as the instructions say.
1. Because your vehicle has a right front passenger
airbag, always move the seat as far back as it will
go before securing a forward-facing child restraint.
See Manual Seats on page 1-2.
2. Put the child restraint on the seat.
1-46
3. Pick up the latch plate, and run the lap and shoulder
portions of the vehicle’s safety belt through or
around the restraint. The child restraint instructions
will show you how.
5. Pull the rest of the shoulder belt all the way out of
the retractor to set the lock.
4. Buckle the belt. Make sure the release button is
positioned so you would be able to unbuckle the
safety belt quickly if you ever had to.
1-47
Airbag System
Your vehicle has airbags — one airbag for the driver
and another airbag for the right front passenger.
Frontal airbags are designed to help reduce the risk of
injury from the force of an inflating airbag. But these
airbags must inflate very quickly to do their job
and comply with federal regulations.
Here are the most important things to know about the
airbag system:
{CAUTION:
6. To tighten the belt, push down on the child restraint,
You can be severely injured or killed in a crash
pull the shoulder portion of the belt to tighten the
if you are not wearing your safety belt — even if
lap portion of the belt and feed the shoulder
you have airbags. Wearing your safety belt
belt back into the retractor. You may find it helpful
during a crash helps reduce your chance of
to use your knee to push down on the child
restraint as you tighten the belt.
hitting things inside the vehicle or being ejected
from it. Airbags are designed to work with
7. Push and pull the child restraint in different
safety belts, but do not replace them. Airbags
directions to be sure it is secure.
are designed to deploy only in moderate to
To remove the child restraint, just unbuckle the vehicle’s
severe frontal and near frontal crashes.
safety belt and let it go back all the way. The safety
belt will move freely again and be ready to work for an
CAUTION:
(Continued)
adult or larger child passenger.
1-48
CAUTION:
(Continued)
{CAUTION:
They are not designed to inflate in rollover, rear
Anyone who is up against, or very close to, any
or low-speed frontal crashes, or in many side
airbag when it inflates can be seriously injured
crashes. And, for some unrestrained occupants,
or killed. Airbags plus lap-shoulder belts offer
airbags may provide less protection in frontal
the best protection for adults, but not for young
crashes than more forceful airbags have
children and infants. Neither the vehicle’s safety
provided in the past. Everyone in your vehicle
belt system nor its airbag system is designed
should wear a safety belt properly — whether or
for them. Young children and infants need the
not there is an airbag for that person.
protection that a child restraint system can
provide. Always secure children properly in
your vehicle. To read how, see Older Children
on page 1-28 and Infants and Young Children
{CAUTION:
on page 1-30.
Airbags inflate with great force, faster than the
blink of an eye. If you are too close to an
There is an airbag
inflating airbag, as you would be if you were
readiness light on the
instrument panel, which
leaning forward, it could seriously injure you.
shows the airbag symbol.
Safety belts help keep you in position before
and during a crash. Always wear your safety
belt, even with airbags. The driver should sit as
far back as possible while still maintaining
control of the vehicle.
The system checks the airbag electrical system for
malfunctions. The light tells you if there is an electrical
problem. See Airbag Readiness Light on page 3-28.
1-49
Where Are the Airbags?
The right front passenger’s airbag is in the instrument
panel on the passenger’s side.
The driver’s airbag is in the middle of the steering
wheel.
1-50
Whether your frontal airbags will or should deploy is not
based on how fast your vehicle is traveling. It depends
{CAUTION:
largely on what you hit, the direction of the impact
and how quickly your vehicle slows down.
If something is between an occupant and an
If your vehicle goes straight into a wall that does not
airbag, the bag might not inflate properly or it
move or deform, the threshold level is about 9 to 14 mph
might force the object into that person causing
(14 to 23 km/h). (The threshold level can vary,
severe injury or even death. The path of an
however, with specific vehicle design, so that it can be
inflating airbag must be kept clear. Do not put
somewhat above or below this range.)
anything between an occupant and an airbag,
Airbags may inflate at different crash speeds. For
and do not attach or put anything on the
example:
steering wheel hub or on or near any other
If the vehicle hits a stationary object, the airbag
airbag covering.
could inflate at a different crash speed than if
the object were moving.
If the object deforms, the airbag could inflate at a
When Should an Airbag Inflate?
different crash speed than if the object does not
deform.
The driver’s and right front passenger’s frontal
If the vehicle hits a narrow object (like a pole) the
airbags are designed to inflate in moderate to severe
airbag could inflate at a different crash speed
frontal or near-frontal crashes. But they are designed
to inflate only if the impact exceeds a predetermined
than if the vehicle hits a wide object (like a wall).
deployment threshold. Deployment thresholds take
If the vehicle goes into an object at an angle the
into account a variety of desired deployment and
airbag could inflate at a different crash speed
non-deployment events and are used to predict
than if the vehicle goes straight into the object.
how severe a crash is likely to be in time for the
airbags to inflate and help restrain the occupants.
1-51
The frontal airbags (driver and right front passenger)
How Does an Airbag Restrain?
are not intended to inflate during vehicle rollovers, rear
impacts, or in many side impacts because inflation
In moderate to severe frontal or near-frontal collisions,
would not likely help the occupants.
even belted occupants can contact the steering wheel or
the instrument panel. Airbags supplement the protection
In any particular crash, no one can say whether an
provided by safety belts. Airbags distribute the force of
airbag should have inflated simply because of the
the impact more evenly over the occupant’s upper body,
damage to a vehicle or because of what the repair
stopping the occupant more gradually. But airbags would
costs were. Inflation is determined by the angle of the
not help you in many types of collisions, including
impact and how quickly the vehicle slows down in frontal
rollovers, rear impacts and many side impacts, primarily
and near-frontal impacts.
because an occupant’s motion is not toward those
airbags. Airbags should never be regarded as anything
What Makes an Airbag Inflate?
more than a supplement to safety belts, and then only in
moderate to severe frontal or near-frontal collisions.
In an impact of sufficient severity, the airbag sensing
system detects that the vehicle is in a crash. The
sensing system triggers a release of gas from the
What Will You See After an Airbag
inflator, which inflates the airbag. The inflator, airbag,
Inflates?
and related hardware are all part of the airbag modules
inside the steering wheel and in the instrument panel
After an airbag inflates, it quickly deflates, so quickly that
in front of the right front passenger.
some people may not even realize the airbag inflated.
Some components of the airbag module — the steering
wheel hub for the driver’s airbag or the instrument panel
for the right front passenger’s bag — will be hot for a
short time. The parts of the bag that come into contact
with you may be warm, but not too hot to touch. There will
be some smoke and dust coming from the vents in the
deflated airbags. Airbag inflation does not prevent the
driver from seeing or being able to steer the vehicle, nor
does it stop people from leaving the vehicle.
1-52
A new system will include airbag modules and
possibly other parts. The service manual for your
{CAUTION:
vehicle covers the need to replace other parts.
Your vehicle is equipped with a crash sensing and
When an airbag inflates, there is dust in the
diagnostic module which records information after
air. This dust could cause breathing problems
a crash. See Vehicle Data Collection and Event
for people with a history of asthma or other
Data Recorders on page 7-10.
breathing trouble. To avoid this, everyone in
Let only qualified technicians work on your airbag
the vehicle should get out as soon as it is safe
system. Improper service can mean that your
to do so. If you have breathing problems but
airbag system will not work properly. See your
cannot get out of the vehicle after an airbag
dealer for service.
inflates, then get fresh air by opening a
Notice: If you damage the covering for the driver’s
window or a door. If you experience breathing
or the right front passenger’s airbag, the airbag
problems following an airbag deployment, you
may not work properly. You may have to replace
should seek medical attention.
the airbag module in the steering wheel or both
the airbag module and the instrument panel for
the right front passenger’s airbag. Do not open or
In many crashes severe enough to inflate an airbag,
break the airbag coverings.
windshields are broken by vehicle deformation.
Additional windshield breakage may also occur from
the right front passenger airbag.
Airbags are designed to inflate only once.
After an airbag inflates, you will need some
new parts for your airbag system. If you do
not get them, the airbag system will not be
there to help protect you in another crash.
1-53
Servicing Your Airbag-Equipped
Restraint System Check
Vehicle
Checking Your Restraint Systems
Airbags affect how your vehicle should be serviced.
There are parts of the airbag system in several places
Now and then, make sure the safety belt reminder
around your vehicle. Your dealer and the service manual
light and all your belts, buckles, latch plates, retractors
have information about servicing your vehicle and the
and anchorages are working properly. Look for any
airbag system. To purchase a service manual, see
other loose or damaged safety belt system parts. If you
Service Publications Ordering Information on page 7-12.
see anything that might keep a safety belt system
from doing its job, have it repaired.
Torn or frayed safety belts may not protect you in a
{CAUTION:
crash. They can rip apart under impact forces. If a belt
is torn or frayed, get a new one right away.
For up to 10 seconds after the ignition key
Also look for any opened or broken airbag covers, and
is turned off and the battery is disconnected,
have them repaired or replaced. (The airbag system
an airbag can still inflate during improper
does not need regular maintenance.)
service. You can be injured if you are close
to an airbag when it inflates. Avoid yellow
connectors. They are probably part of the
airbag system. Be sure to follow proper
service procedures, and make sure the person
performing work for you is qualified to do so.
The airbag system does not need regular maintenance.
1-54
If belts are cut or damaged, replace them. Collision
Replacing Restraint System Parts
damage also may mean you will need to have LATCH
After a Crash
system, safety belt or seat parts repaired or replaced.
New parts and repairs may be necessary even if the belt
or LATCH system was not being used at the time of
the collision.
{CAUTION:
If the frontal air bags inflate, you will also need to
replace the driver’s and right front passenger’s safety
A crash can damage the restraint systems in
belt pretentioners and safety belt. Be sure to do
your vehicle. A damaged restraint system
so. Then the new pretensioner and safety belt will be
may not properly protect the person using it,
there to help protect you in a collision.
resulting in serious injury or even death in
After a crash you may need to replace the driver and
a crash. To help make sure your restraint
right front passenger’s safety belt retractor assemblies,
systems are working properly after a crash,
even if the frontal airbags have not deployed. The
have them inspected and any necessary
driver and right front passenger’s safety belt retractor
replacements made as soon as possible.
assemblies contain the safety belt pretensioners.
Have your safety belt pretensioners checked if your
vehicle has been in a collision, or if your airbag
If
you have had a crash, do you need new or LATCH
readiness light stays on after you start your vehicle or
system parts?
while you are driving. See Airbag Readiness Light
After a very minor collision, nothing may be necessary.
on page 3-28.
But if the belts were stretched, as they would be if
If your vehicle is equipped with side airbags, the driver’s
worn during a more severe crash, then you need
seat assembly must be replaced after the side airbag
new parts.
has been deployed.
If the LATCH system was being used during a more
If an airbag inflates, you will need to replace airbag
severe crash, you may need new LATCH system parts.
system parts. See the part about the airbag system
earlier in this section.
1-55
NOTES
1-56
Section 2
Features and Controls
Keys
2-2
Starting Your Engine
2-19
Remote Keyless Entry System
2-4
Engine Coolant Heater
2-20
Remote Keyless Entry System Operation
2-5
Automatic Transaxle Operation
2-21
Manual Transaxle Operation
2-25
Doors and Locks
2-7
Parking Brake
2-26
Door Locks
2-7
Shifting Into Park (P) (Automatic Transaxle)
2-27
Central Door Unlocking System
2-7
Shifting Out of Park (P) (Automatic Transaxle)
2-29
Door Ajar Reminder
2-8
Parking Your Vehicle (Manual Transaxle)
2-30
Rear Door Security Locks
2-8
Parking Over Things That Burn
2-30
Lockout Protection
2-9
Engine Exhaust
2-31
Trunk (Sedan)
2-9
Running Your Engine While You Are Parked
2-32
Liftgate (Hatchback)
2-11
Mirrors
2-33
Windows
2-12
Manual Rearview Mirror
2-33
Manual Windows
2-12
Outside Manual Mirrors
2-33
Power Windows
2-13
Outside Power Mirror
2-34
Sun Visors
2-13
Outside Convex Mirror
2-34
Theft-Deterrent Systems
2-14
Outside Heated Mirrors
2-34
Theft-Deterrent System
2-14
Storage Areas
2-35
Immobilizer
2-16
Glove Box
2-35
Immobilizer Operation
2-16
Cupholder(s)
2-35
Starting and Operating Your Vehicle
2-17
Sunglasses Storage Compartment
2-36
New Vehicle Break-In
2-17
Sunroof
2-36
Ignition Positions
2-18
2-1
Keys
{CAUTION:
Leaving children in a vehicle with the ignition
key is dangerous for many reasons. They
could operate the power windows or other
controls or even make the vehicle move. The
children or others could be badly injured or
even killed. Do not leave the keys in a vehicle
with children.
2-2
One key is used for the
Your vehicle may have an electronic immobilizer
ignition, the doors and all
designed to protect your car against theft. If so, only
other locks.
keys with the correct electronic code can be used
to start the vehicle. See Immobilizer Operation on
page 2-16 for additional information. Even if a key has
the same profile, it will not start the engine if the
electronic code is incorrect. If you need a new key,
contact your dealer who can obtain the correct key code.
Also see Roadside Assistance Program on page 7-6.
Notice: If you ever lock your keys in your vehicle,
you may have to damage the vehicle to get in.
Be sure you have spare keys.
When a new vehicle is delivered, the dealer removes the
key tag and gives it to the first owner. The tag has a code
on it that tells your dealer how to make extra keys. For
vehicle security, keep the key tag in a safe place and also
record the key number somewhere other than inside of
the vehicle. If you lose your key, you will be able to have
a new one made easily using the tag.
2-3
At times you may notice a decrease in range. This is
Remote Keyless Entry System
normal for any remote keyless entry system. If the
If equipped, the keyless entry system operates on a
transmitter does not work or if you have to stand closer
radio frequency subject to Federal Communications
to your vehicle for the transmitter to work, try this:
Commission (FCC) Rules and with Industry Canada.
Check the distance. You may be too far from your
This device complies with Part 15 of the FCC Rules.
vehicle. You may need to stand closer during
Operation is subject to the following two conditions:
rainy or snowy weather.
1. This device may not cause interference.
Check the location. Other vehicles or objects may be
blocking the signal. Take a few steps to the left or
2. This device must accept any interference received,
right, hold the transmitter higher, and try again.
including interference that may cause undesired
operation of the device.
Check to determine if battery replacement is
necessary. See “Battery Replacement” under
This device complies with RSS-210 of Industry Canada.
Remote Keyless Entry System Operation on
Operation is subject to the following two conditions:
page 2-5.
1. This device may not cause interference.
If you are still having trouble, see your dealer or
2. This device must accept any interference received,
a qualified technician for service.
including interference that may cause undesired
operation of the device.
Changes or modifications to this system by other than
an authorized service facility could void authorization to
use this equipment.
2-4
Remote Keyless Entry System
K (Unlock): Press this button to unlock all of the
doors. The hazard lamps will flash twice to indicate that
Operation
unlocking has occurred and that the theft-deterrent
system is deactivated.
You can lock and unlock your vehicle’s doors from
about 20 ft (6 m) away using the remote keyless entry
The LED light, on the transmitter, will flash when the
transmitter.
buttons on the transmitter are pressed.
The lock and unlock buttons will not operate and the
The following functions are
theft-deterrent system will not activate while the key is
available if your vehicle
in the ignition.
has the remote keyless
entry system:
Matching Transmitter(s) to Your Vehicle
Each remote keyless entry transmitter is coded to
prevent another transmitter from unlocking your vehicle.
If a transmitter is lost or stolen, a replacement can
be purchased through your dealer. Remember to bring
any remaining transmitters with you when you go to
your dealer. When the dealer matches the replacement
transmitter to your vehicle, any remaining transmitters
must also be matched. Once your dealer has coded
the new transmitter, the lost transmitter will not unlock
your vehicle. Each vehicle can have a maximum of
Q (Lock): Press this button to lock all of the doors.
five transmitters matched to it.
If all of the doors and the trunk or liftgate are closed,
the hazard lamps will flash once and the horn will chirp
to indicate that locking has occurred and that the
theft-deterrent system is active.
2-5
Battery Replacement
To replace the battery in the remote keyless entry
transmitter, do the following:
Under normal use, the battery in your remote keyless
1.
Remove the screw from the back of the cover and
entry transmitter should last about two years.
open the cover of the transmitter.
You can tell the battery is weak if the LED fails to
2.
Pull the transmitter out of the cover and carefully
illuminate or if the transmitter will not work at the normal
detach the sticker from the unit. Keep the sticker
range in any location. If you have to get close to your
clean.
vehicle before the transmitter works, it is probably
time to change the battery.
3.
Remove the battery and replace it with the new
one. Make sure the positive side of the battery
Notice: When replacing the battery, use care not to
faces up. Use one three-volt, CR1620, or
touch any of the circuitry. Static from your body
equivalent, type battery.
transferred to these surfaces may damage the
4.
Attach the sticker and put the transmitter unit in
transmitter.
the cover.
5.
Put the two halves back together and replace the
screw. Make sure the cover is on tightly, so water
will not get in.
6.
Test the transmitter operation.
2-6
There are several ways to lock and unlock your vehicle.
Doors and Locks
From the outside, use your key or the remote keyless
entry transmitter. See Remote Keyless Entry System
Door Locks
Operation on page 2-5.
To manually unlock the doors from the outside, insert
the key and turn it toward the front of the vehicle.
{CAUTION:
To manually lock the doors from the outside, insert the
key and turn it toward the rear of the vehicle.
Unlocked doors can be dangerous.
All doors, except for the driver’s door, can be locked
Passengers — especially children — can
from the outside by pushing down the manual door lock
easily open the doors and fall out of a
and then closing the door. The driver’s door can only
moving vehicle. When a door is locked, the
by locked from the outside by using the key or the
handle will not open it. You increase the
optional remote keyless entry transmitter.
chance of being thrown out of the vehicle
From the inside, you can lock and unlock all of the
in a crash if the doors are not locked. So,
doors by pushing or pulling the manual door lock knob
wear safety belts properly and lock the
located on the window sill on each door.
doors whenever you drive.
Young children who get into unlocked
vehicles may be unable to get out. A child
Central Door Unlocking System
can be overcome by extreme heat and can
Your vehicle may be equipped with the central door
suffer permanent injuries or even death
unlocking system. This system is activated from
from heat stroke. Always lock your vehicle
the driver’s door.
whenever you leave it.
Outsiders can easily enter through an
From the outside, you can lock or unlock all the doors
unlocked door when you slow down or
by using either the key or the remote keyless entry
stop your vehicle. Locking your doors can
transmitter, if equipped. From the inside, you can lock
help prevent this from happening.
or unlock all the doors by using the driver’s door
lock switch while the driver’s door is closed.
2-7
Door Ajar Reminder
Using the Rear Door Security Lock
1. Move the lever upward to lock.
If one of the doors on your
2. Close the door.
vehicle is not closed
properly while the ignition
3. Do the same thing to the other rear door lock.
is on, the door ajar
Notice: Pulling the inside door handle while the
light on the secondary
rear door security locks are engaged could damage
information center
your vehicle. Do not pull the inside door handle
will come on and stay on
while the rear door security locks are engaged.
until the doors are closed.
The rear doors on your vehicle cannot be opened from
the inside while this feature is in use.
Opening a Rear Door When the
Security Lock is On
Rear Door Security Locks
1. Unlock the door from the inside.
Your vehicle has rear door
2. Open the door from the outside.
security locks on each rear
If you do not cancel the security lock, adults or older
door that help prevent
children who ride in the rear will not be able to open the
passengers from opening
rear door from the inside. You should let adults and
the rear doors on your
older children know how to cancel the locks.
vehicle from the inside.
2-8
Canceling the Rear Door Security Lock
Trunk (Sedan)
1. Unlock the door from the inside and open the
door from the outside.
{CAUTION:
2. Move the lever downward to unlock.
3. Do the same for the other rear door.
It can be dangerous to drive with the trunk
The rear door locks will now work normally.
lid open because carbon monoxide (CO) gas
can come into your vehicle. You cannot see
Lockout Protection
or smell CO. It can cause unconsciousness
and even death. If you must drive with the
This feature helps prevent locking your key in the car.
trunk lid open or if electrical wiring or other
The driver’s door can only be locked with the door
cable connections must pass through the seal
closed. From the outside of the vehicle, close the
between the body and the trunk lid:
driver’s door and lock it using the key or the remote
Make sure all other windows are shut.
keyless entry transmitter, if equipped.
Turn the fan on your heating or cooling
This feature cannot guarantee that you will never be
system to its highest speed and select the
locked out of your vehicle. Always remember to
control setting that will force outside air
take your key with you.
into your vehicle. See Climate Control
System in the Index.
If you have air outlets on or under the
instrument panel, open them all the way.
See Engine Exhaust on page 2-31.
To open the trunk on your sedan from outside of your
vehicle, insert the key into the lock cylinder and turn
the key clockwise or use the remote keyless entry
transmitter, if equipped.
2-9
Remote Trunk Release
Emergency Trunk Release Handle
Notice: Using the emergency trunk release handle
Open the trunk from inside
as a tie-down or anchor point when securing
your vehicle by pulling up
items in the trunk may damage it. Use the
the release lever located
emergency trunk release handle only to help you
to the left side of the
open the trunk lid.
driver’s seat.
When closing the trunk, close from the center to ensure
it fully latches.
There is a glow-in-the-dark emergency trunk release
handle located on the underside of the trunk lid.
This handle will glow following exposure to light. Pull the
release handle down to open the trunk from the inside.
2-10
To open the liftgate on your hatchback from outside of
Liftgate (Hatchback)
the vehicle, insert the key into the lock cylinder and
turn it counterclockwise if it is locked. Then push
the button under the handle above the license plate and
{CAUTION:
pull up the handle to open the liftgate. You can also
use the remote keyless entry transmitter, if equipped.
It can be dangerous to drive with the liftgate
When closing the liftgate, close from the center to
open because carbon monoxide (CO) gas can
ensure it fully latches.
come into your vehicle. You can’t see or smell
To lock the liftgate, insert the key into the lock cylinder
CO. It can cause unconsciousness and even
and turn it clockwise.
death. If you must drive with the liftgate open
The liftgate can also be locked or unlocked by the
or if electrical wiring or other cable
central door unlocking system, if equipped. See Central
connections must pass through the seal
Door Unlocking System on page 2-7.
between the body and the liftgate:
Make sure all other windows are shut.
Turn the fan on your heating or cooling
system to its highest speed and select the
control setting that will force outside air
into your vehicle. See Climate Control
System on page 3-14.
If you have air outlets on or under the
instrument panel, open them all the way.
See Engine Exhaust on page 2-31.
2-11
Windows
{CAUTION:
Leaving children, helpless adults, or pets in a
vehicle with the windows closed is dangerous.
They can be overcome by the extreme heat
and suffer permanent injuries or even death
from heat stroke. Never leave a child, a
helpless adult, or a pet alone in a vehicle,
especially with the windows closed in warm
or hot weather.
Manual Windows
Use the window crank to open and close each window.
The rear windows do not open fully.
2-12
Power Windows
Window Lockout
If your vehicle has power
The window lockout is
windows, the switches
located with the driver’s
are located on the driver’s
power window switches.
door. In addition, each
passenger door has
a switch for its own
window.
Press the lockout button to stop the front and rear
passengers from using their window switches. The driver
can still operate all the windows with the lockout on.
Press the lockout button again to return to normal
window operation.
The ignition must be turned to ON to use the power
Sun Visors
windows. To lower the window, press and hold
the switch. To raise the window, lift up on the switch.
To block out glare you can swing down the visors.
Release the switch when the window reaches the
You can also remove them from the center mount and
desired level.
swing them to the side.
Visor Vanity Mirror
Your vehicle has vanity mirrors located on the back of
the sun visors. Swing down the sun visor to expose
the vanity mirror.
2-13
3.
Lock the doors by pressing the lock button on the
Theft-Deterrent Systems
remote keyless entry transmitter.
Vehicle theft is big business, especially in some cities.
The LED light on the transmitter will flash once.
Although your vehicle has a number of theft-deterrent
All of the doors will lock.
features, we know that nothing we put on it can make it
impossible to steal.
The hazard warning lamps will flash once and
the horn will chirp.
Theft-Deterrent System
Your vehicle may have a theft-deterrent system.
The theft-deterrent system will not arm when you lock
the doors using the key or the manual door lock. It arms
only when you use the remote keyless entry transmitter.
Arming the System
To arm the system, do the following:
1. Close the doors, the windows, the hood, and the
trunk or liftgate.
Ensure that the windows are closed, as the system
can be armed even if the windows are open.
2. Turn the key to LOCK and remove the key from the
ignition.
The security light (A) will flash once every
second to indicate that the theft-deterrent system
If the key is inserted in the ignition, the transmitter
is armed. The security light is located on the
will not arm the theft-deterrent system.
secondary information center (SIC) on the center
of the instrument panel.
2-14
To avoid activating the alarm by accident, do one of the
How the System Alarm is Activated
following:
If a door or the trunk or liftgate is opened without using
Unlock the driver’s or passenger’s front door using
the key or the remote keyless entry transmitter, the
the key.
horn will sound and the lamps will flash for up to
Press the unlock button on the remote keyless
30 seconds.
entry transmitter.
How to Turn Off the System Alarm
Unlocking a door any other way will activate the alarm
when a door or the trunk or liftgate is opened.
If the system alarm is active, it can be deactivated using
one of the following methods:
If you do not want to arm the theft-deterrent system,
lock the vehicle using the key or the manual door locks.
Press the lock or unlock buttons on the remote
keyless entry transmitter.
Disarming the System
Unlock the driver’s or passenger’s front door using
To disarm the system, do one of the following:
the key.
Unlock the driver’s or passenger’s front door using
Otherwise, the alarm will automatically stop after
the key.
30 seconds. The system will then lock the doors and
rearm the theft-deterrent system.
Press the unlock button on the remote keyless
entry transmitter.
How to Detect a Tamper Condition
− The LED light on the transmitter will flash once.
If the hazard warning lamps flash once when you press
− All of the doors will unlock.
the lock or unlock buttons on the remote keyless
− The hazard warning lamps will flash twice.
entry transmitter, the theft-deterrent system alarm was
activated while you were away.
If the door is not opened or if the engine is not started
within 30 seconds after disarming the system using
the transmitter, all of the doors will automatically lock
and the theft-deterrent mode will rearm.
2-15
If your vehicle has an immobilizer system, your vehicle
Immobilizer
has a special key that works with the theft-deterrent
This device complies with Part 15 of the FCC Rules.
system. There is a transponder in the key head that is
Operation is subject to the following two conditions:
electronically coded. The correct key will start the
vehicle. An invalid key immobilizes the engine. The
1. This device may not cause interference.
immobilizer system isolates the power supply to
2. This device must accept any interference received,
the ignition system, the fuel pump and the fuel injectors.
including interference that may cause undesired
The engine immobilizer is activated after the key is
operation.
turned to LOCK and removed from the ignition.
This device complies with RSS-210 of Industry Canada.
The security light located on the top center of the
Operation is subject to the following two conditions:
instrument panel in the secondary information center will
1. This device may not cause interference.
flash when the immobilizer is active. If the light does
not flash after removing the key, have the system
2. This device must accept any interference received,
checked by your dealer.
including interference that may cause undesired
operation of the device.
The immobilizer system works when you turn the key to
START. If the immobilizer system does not recognize
Changes or modifications to this system by other than
the electronic code, the engine will not start and
an authorized service facility could void authorization to
the security indicator will continue blinking. If your key is
use this equipment.
ever damaged, you may not be able to start your
vehicle.
Immobilizer Operation
When trying to start the vehicle, if the engine does not
start and the security light continues flashing, the
Your vehicle may have a passive theft-deterrent system.
key may have a damaged transponder. Turn the ignition
The immobilizer system prevents your vehicle from
off and try again.
being started by unauthorized persons.
2-16
If the engine still does not start, and the key appears
Starting and Operating Your
to be undamaged, try another key. At this time, you
may also want to check the fuse. See Fuses and Circuit
Vehicle
Breakers on page 5-80. If the engine still does not
start with the other key, your vehicle needs service.
If your vehicle does start, the first key may be faulty.
New Vehicle Break-In
See your dealer who can have a new key made.
Notice: Your vehicle does not need an elaborate
Up to five keys may be programmed for the vehicle.
break-in. But it will perform better in the long run if
If you lose or damage your keys, only a GM dealer can
you follow these guidelines:
have new keys made.
Do not drive at any one speed, fast or slow,
If you are ever driving and the security light comes on
for the first 500 miles (805 km). Do not make
and stays on, you will be able to restart your engine
full-throttle starts.
if you turn it off. The theft-deterrent system, however,
is not working properly and must be serviced by
Avoid making hard stops for the first
your dealer. Your vehicle is not protected by the
200 miles (322 km) or so. During this time your
theft-deterrent system at this time.
new brake linings are not yet broken in. Hard
stops with new linings can mean premature
In an emergency, contact Chevrolet Roadside
wear and earlier replacement. Follow this
Assistance. See Roadside Assistance Program
breaking-in guideline every time you get
on page 7-6.
new brake linings.
Do not tow a trailer during break-in. See Towing
a Trailer on page 4-36 for more information.
2-17
Notice: Using a tool to force the key from the
Ignition Positions
ignition switch could cause damage or break the
key. Use the correct key and turn the key only with
With the key in the
your hand. Make sure the key is all the way in. If
ignition switch, you can
it is, turn the steering wheel left and right while you
turn the key to four
turn the key hard. If none of this works, then
different positions.
your vehicle needs service.
LOCK: This position locks your steering wheel, ignition,
shift lever and transaxle. This is the only position in
which you can insert or remove the key. For easier key
operation when unlocking the steering wheel, move the
steering wheel from right to left and turn the key to ACC.
ACC (Accessory): This position operates some of your
electrical accessories, such as the radio, but not the
climate control system.
{CAUTION:
ON: This is the position to which the switch returns
after you start your engine and release the key.
The switch stays in ON when the engine is running.
On manual transaxle vehicles, turning the key
But even when the engine is not running, you can use
to LOCK and removing it will lock the steering
ON to operate your electrical accessories, and to display
column and result in a loss of ability to steer
some instrument panel warning lights.
the vehicle. This could cause a collision. If you
START: This position starts the engine. When the
need to turn the engine off while the vehicle is
engine starts, release the key. The switch will return to
moving, turn the key only to ACC. Do not push
ON for normal driving. Do not turn the key to START
the key in while the vehicle is moving.
if the engine is running.
Even if the engine is not running, ACC and ON allow
you to operate electrical accessories, such as the radio.
2-18
Notice: Holding your key in START for longer than
Starting Your Engine
15 seconds at a time will cause your battery to
be drained much sooner. And the excessive heat
Automatic Transaxle
can damage your starter motor. Wait about
Move your shift lever to PARK (P) or NEUTRAL (N).
15 seconds between each try to help avoid draining
Your engine will not start in any other position — that is
your battery or damaging your starter.
a safety feature. To restart when you are already
2.
If it does not start, wait about 15 seconds and try
moving, use NEUTRAL (N) only.
again to start the engine by turning the ignition to
START. Wait about 15 seconds between each try.
Notice: Shifting into PARK (P) with the vehicle
moving could damage the transaxle. Shift into
When your engine has run about 10 seconds to
PARK (P) only when your vehicle is stopped.
warm up, your vehicle is ready to be driven. Do not
run your engine at high speed when it is cold.
Manual Transaxle
If the weather is below freezing (32°F or 0°C), let the
The shift lever should be in NEUTRAL and the parking
engine run for a few minutes to warm up.
brake engaged. Hold the clutch pedal to the floor and
3.
If your engine still will not start, or starts but then
start the engine. Your vehicle will not start if the clutch
stops, it could be flooded with too much gasoline.
pedal is not all the way down — that is a safety feature.
Try pushing your accelerator pedal all the way to the
floor and holding it there as you hold the key in
Starting Procedure
START for about three seconds. If the vehicle starts
1. With your foot off the accelerator pedal, turn your
briefly but then stops again, do the same thing, but
ignition to START. When the engine starts, let go
this time keep the pedal down for five or six seconds.
of the key. The idle speed will go down as your
This clears the extra gasoline from the engine.
engine gets warm.
Notice: Your engine is designed to work with the
electronics in your vehicle. If you add electrical
parts or accessories, you could change the way the
engine operates. Before adding electrical equipment,
check with your dealer. If you do not, your engine
might not perform properly.
2-19
Engine Coolant Heater
{CAUTION:
Your vehicle has an engine coolant heater. In very cold
weather, 0°F (−18°C) or colder, the engine coolant
heater can help. You will get easier starting and better
Plugging the cord into an ungrounded outlet
fuel economy during engine warm-up. Usually, the
could cause an electrical shock. Also, the
coolant heater should be plugged in a minimum of
wrong kind of extension cord could overheat
four hours prior to starting your vehicle. At temperatures
and cause a fire. You could be seriously
above 32°F (0°C), use of the coolant heater is not
injured. Plug the cord into a properly grounded
required.
three-prong 110-volt AC outlet. If the cord
To Use the Engine Coolant Heater
will not reach, use a heavy-duty three-prong
extension cord rated for at least 15 amps.
1.
Turn off the engine.
2.
Open the hood and unwrap the electrical cord.
The cord is located on the driver’s side of the
4. Before starting the engine, be sure to unplug and
engine compartment, behind the battery.
store the cord as it was before to keep it away
from moving engine parts. If you do not, it could be
3.
Plug it into a normal, grounded 110-Volt AC outlet.
damaged.
How long should you keep the coolant heater plugged
in? The answer depends on the outside temperature, the
kind of oil you have, and some other things. Instead
of trying to list everything here, we ask that you contact
your dealer in the area where you will be parking
your vehicle. The dealer can give you the best advice
for that particular area.
2-20
PARK (P): This position locks your front wheels. It is
Automatic Transaxle Operation
the best position to use when you start your engine
because your vehicle cannot move easily.
{CAUTION:
It is dangerous to get out of your vehicle if
the shift lever is not fully in PARK (P) with the
parking brake firmly set. Your vehicle can roll.
Do not leave your vehicle when the engine is
running unless you have to. If you have left
the engine running, the vehicle can move
suddenly. You or others could be injured.
To be sure your vehicle will not move, even
when you are on fairly level ground, always
If your vehicle has an automatic transaxle, the shift
set your parking brake and move the shift
lever is located on the console between the seats.
lever to PARK (P). See Shifting Into Park (P)
Movement between certain positions requires pushing
(Automatic Transaxle) on page 2-27.
the shift lever toward the passenger side while shifting.
This prevents you from changing positions unexpectedly
by blocking the straight movement of the shift lever
while the vehicle is moving.
2-21
Ensure that the shift lever is fully in PARK (P) before
NEUTRAL (N): In this position, your engine does not
starting the engine. Your vehicle has an automatic
connect with the wheels. To restart while you are
transaxle shift lock control system. You have to apply
already moving, use NEUTRAL (N) only. Also, use
your regular brakes before you can shift from PARK (P)
NEUTRAL (N) when your vehicle is being towed.
when the key is in ON. If you cannot shift out of
PARK (P) while holding the brake pedal down, see
Shifting Out of Park (P) (Automatic Transaxle) on
{CAUTION:
page 2-29.
REVERSE (R): Use this gear to back up.
Shifting into a drive gear while your engine is
running at high speed is dangerous. Unless
When shifting from NEUTRAL (N) to REVERSE (R),
your foot is firmly on the brake pedal, your
you need to apply the regular brake and push the shift
lever down and toward the passenger side of the
vehicle could move very rapidly. You could
vehicle and then forward.
lose control and hit people or objects. Do not
shift into a drive gear while your engine is
Notice: Shifting to REVERSE (R) while your vehicle
running at high speed.
is moving forward could damage the transaxle. The
repairs would not be covered by your warranty. Shift
to REVERSE (R) only after your vehicle is stopped.
Notice: Shifting out of PARK (P) or NEUTRAL (N)
To rock your vehicle back and forth to get out of
with the engine racing may damage the transaxle.
snow, ice or sand without damaging your transaxle,
The repairs would not be covered by your warranty.
see If You Are Stuck: In Sand, Mud, Ice or Snow
Be sure the engine is not racing when shifting
on page 4-28.
your vehicle.
2-22
AUTOMATIC OVERDRIVE (D4): This position is for
FIRST (1): This position gives you even more power
normal driving.
but lower fuel economy than SECOND (2). You can use
it on very steep hills, or in deep snow or mud. If the
Notice: Driving your vehicle if you notice that it is
shift lever is put in FIRST (1), the transaxle will not shift
moving slowly or not shifting gears as you
into first gear until the vehicle is going slowly enough.
increase speed may damage the transaxle. Have
your vehicle serviced right away. You can drive in
Notice: Spinning the tires or holding the vehicle
SECOND (2) when you are driving less than 35 mph
in one place on a hill using only the accelerator
(55 km/h) and AUTOMATIC OVERDRIVE (D4) for
pedal may damage the transaxle. If you are stuck,
higher speeds until then.
do not spin the tires. When stopping on a hill,
use the brakes to hold the vehicle in place.
SECOND (2): This position gives you more power but
lower fuel economy. You can use SECOND (2) on
If there is a malfunction with the automatic transaxle,
hills. It can help control your speed as you go down
the malfunction indicator lamp (MIL) or the HOLD
steep mountain roads, but then you would also want to
indicator light will turn on or flash. See Malfunction
use your brakes off and on.
Indicator Lamp on page 3-30 or Hold Mode Light
on page 3-30.
Notice: Do not drive in SECOND (2) at speeds
Have your vehicle fixed as soon as possible.
over 65 mph (105 km/h), or you can damage
the transaxle. Use AUTOMATIC OVERDRIVE (D4) as
much as possible. Do not shift into SECOND (2)
unless you are going slower than 65 mph (105 km/h)
or you can damage your engine.
2-23
Hold Mode
While on, the HOLD indicator light on the secondary
information center will light up. See Hold Mode Light
If your vehicle’s transaxle has hold mode, you can
on page 3-30.
select this mode to drive with some characteristics of
When hold mode is activated, the transaxle is fixed in
a manual transaxle. With hold mode turned on, the
the gear selected.
automatic transaxle will stay in a specific gear range.
Hold Mode Features
Winter Function
Select hold mode while in AUTOMATIC
OVERDRIVE (D4) to help the vehicle maintain
traction on slippery road surfaces, such as snow,
mud, or ice.
Manually Controlling Shift
Select hold mode to use your automatic transaxle
like a three-speed manual transaxle.
Press the HOLD button on the shift lever console to
turn on hold mode. Press the button again to turn
off hold mode, and return to normal automatic
transaxle operation.
2-24
SECOND (2): Press the clutch pedal as you let up
Manual Transaxle Operation
on the accelerator pedal and shift into SECOND (2).
Then, slowly let up on the clutch pedal as you press
Five-Speed
the accelerator pedal.
This is your shift pattern.
THIRD (3), FOURTH (4) and FIFTH (5): Shift into
THIRD (3), FOURTH (4) and FIFTH (5), the same way
you do for SECOND (2). Slowly let up on the clutch
pedal as you press the accelerator pedal.
To stop, let up on the accelerator pedal and press the
brake pedal. Just before the vehicle stops, press
the clutch pedal and the brake pedal, and shift to
NEUTRAL.
NEUTRAL: Use this position when you start or idle
your engine.
Here is how to operate your manual transaxle:
REVERSE (R): To back up, press down the clutch
pedal, lift up the ring on the shift lever and shift
FIRST (1): Press the clutch pedal and shift into
into REVERSE (R). Let up on the clutch pedal slowly
FIRST (1). Then, slowly let up on the clutch pedal as
while pressing the accelerator pedal.
you press the accelerator pedal.
Notice: Shifting to REVERSE (R) while your vehicle
You can shift into FIRST (1) when you are going less
is moving forward could damage the transaxle. The
than 20 mph (32 km/h). If you have come to a complete
repairs would not be covered by your warranty. Shift
stop and it is hard to shift into FIRST (1), put the shift
to REVERSE (R) only after your vehicle is stopped.
lever in NEUTRAL and let up on the clutch. Press
Also, use REVERSE (R), along with the parking brake,
the clutch pedal back down. Then shift into FIRST (1).
for parking your vehicle.
2-25
Shift Speeds
Parking Brake
{CAUTION:
If you skip a gear when you downshift, you
could lose control of your vehicle. You could
injure yourself or others. Don’t shift down
more than one gear at a time when you
downshift.
The parking brake lever is located between the
bucket seats.
2-26
To set the parking brake, hold the brake pedal down
Shifting Into Park (P)
and pull up on the parking brake lever. If the ignition
is on, the brake system warning light will come on. See
(Automatic Transaxle)
Brake System Warning Light on page 3-22.
To release the parking brake, hold the brake pedal
down. Pull the parking brake lever up until you can press
{CAUTION:
the release button. Hold the release button in as you
move the brake lever all the way down.
It can be dangerous to get out of your vehicle
Notice: Driving with the parking brake on can
if the shift lever is not fully in PARK (P) with
overheat the brake system and cause premature
the parking brake firmly set. Your vehicle can
wear or damage to brake system parts. Verify that
roll. If you have left the engine running, the
the parking brake is fully released and the brake
vehicle can move suddenly. You or others
warning light is off before driving.
could be injured. To be sure your vehicle will
not move, even when you are on fairly level
ground, use the steps that follow.
1. Hold the brake pedal down and set the parking
brake.
2. Move the shift lever into PARK (P) by pushing the
lever toward the passenger side of the vehicle and
then up.
3. Turn the ignition to LOCK.
4. Remove the key and take it with you. If you can
leave your vehicle with the ignition key in your
hand, your vehicle is in PARK (P).
2-27
Leaving Your Vehicle With the Engine
Torque Lock (Automatic Transaxle)
Running (Automatic Transaxle)
If you are parking on a hill and you do not shift your
transaxle into PARK (P) properly, the weight of the
vehicle may put too much force on the parking pawl in
{CAUTION:
the transaxle. You may find it difficult to pull the shift
lever out of PARK (P). This is called “torque lock.”
To prevent torque lock, set the parking brake and then
It can be dangerous to leave your vehicle with
shift into PARK (P) properly before you leave the
the engine running. Your vehicle could move
driver’s seat. To find out how, see Shifting Into Park (P)
suddenly if the shift lever is not fully in
(Automatic Transaxle) on page 2-27.
PARK (P) with the parking brake firmly set.
When you are ready to drive, move the shift lever out of
And, if you leave the vehicle with the engine
PARK (P) before you release the parking brake.
running, it could overheat and even catch fire.
If torque lock does occur, you may need to have another
You or others could be injured. Do not leave
vehicle push yours a little uphill to take some of the
your vehicle with the engine running.
pressure from the parking pawl in the transaxle, so you
can pull the shift lever out of PARK (P).
If
you have to leave your vehicle with the engine
running, be sure your vehicle is in PARK (P) and your
parking brake is firmly set before you leave it. After you
have moved the shift lever into PARK (P), hold the
regular brake pedal down. Then, see if you can move
the shift lever away from PARK (P). If you can, it means
that the shift lever was not fully locked into PARK (P).
2-28
4. Insert the key into
Shifting Out of Park (P)
the shift-lock release
(Automatic Transaxle)
slot and press and
hold the key.
Your automatic transaxle vehicle has an automatic
transaxle shift lock control system. You have to
fully apply your regular brakes before you can shift
from PARK (P) when the ignition is turned to ON.
See Automatic Transaxle Operation on page 2-21.
If you cannot shift out of PARK (P) while holding the
brake pedal down, try this:
1. Set the parking brake.
2. Turn the ignition off and remove the key.
3. Remove the cover over the shift-lock release slot
5.
Shift to NEUTRAL (N).
by prying it off using a small, flat object, like a
6.
Remove the key from the shift-lock release slot,
screwdriver. The shift-lock release slot is located
insert the key into the ignition and start the
at the top of the shift lever.
engine.
7.
Replace the shift-lock release slot cover.
8.
Apply and hold the regular brake fully and release
the parking brake.
9.
Shift to the gear you want.
10.
Have the system fixed as soon as you can.
2-29
Parking Your Vehicle
Parking Over Things That Burn
(Manual Transaxle)
Before leaving your vehicle, do the following:
1. Hold the brake pedal down and firmly apply the
parking brake.
2. Fully press in the clutch pedal and place the shift
lever into the gear position as stated below:
When parking on level ground, place the shift
lever into NEUTRAL.
When parking downhill, place the shift lever in
REVERSE (R).
When parking uphill, place the shift lever in
FIRST (1).
3. After shifting, turn the ignition to LOCK, remove
the key and release the clutch.
{CAUTION:
Things that can burn could touch hot exhaust
parts under your vehicle and ignite. Do not
park over papers, leaves, dry grass or other
things that can burn.
2-30
Engine Exhaust
CAUTION:
(Continued)
{CAUTION:
Repairs were not done correctly.
Your vehicle or exhaust system had been
modified improperly.
Engine exhaust can kill. It contains the gas
carbon monoxide (CO), which you cannot see
If you ever suspect exhaust is coming into
or smell. It can cause unconsciousness and
your vehicle:
death.
Drive it only with all the windows down to
blow out any CO; and
You might have exhaust coming in if:
Have your vehicle fixed immediately.
Your exhaust system sounds strange or
different.
Your vehicle gets rusty underneath.
Your vehicle was damaged in a collision.
Your vehicle was damaged when driving
over high points on the road or over road
debris.
CAUTION:
(Continued)
2-31
Running Your Engine While You
Are Parked
{CAUTION:
It is better not to park with the engine running. But if
It can be dangerous to get out of your vehicle
you ever have to, here are some things to know.
if the shift lever is not fully in PARK (P) with
the parking brake firmly set. Your vehicle can
roll. Do not leave your vehicle when the engine
{CAUTION:
is running unless you have to. If you have
left the engine running, the vehicle can move
Idling the engine with the climate control
suddenly. You or others could be injured.
system off could allow dangerous exhaust into
To be sure your vehicle will not move, even
your vehicle. See the earlier caution under
when you are on fairly level ground, always
Engine Exhaust on page 2-31.
set your parking brake and move the shift
Also, idling in a closed-in place can let deadly
lever to PARK (P).
carbon monoxide (CO) into your vehicle even
if the climate control fan is at the highest
Follow the proper steps to be sure your vehicle will not
setting. One place this can happen is a garage.
move. See Shifting Into Park (P) (Automatic Transaxle)
Exhaust — with CO — can come in easily.
on page 2-27.
NEVER park in a garage with the engine
If you are parking on a hill and if you are pulling a
running.
trailer, also see Towing a Trailer on page 4-36.
Another closed-in place can be a blizzard.
See Winter Driving on page 4-23.
2-32
Mirrors
Outside Manual Mirrors
The outside rearview mirrors should be adjusted so
Manual Rearview Mirror
you can see a little of the side of your vehicle when
you are sitting in a comfortable driving position.
While sitting in a comfortable driving position, adjust
the mirror so you can see clearly behind your vehicle.
Grip the mirror in the center to move it up or down
and side to side. The control at the bottom of the mirror
is the day/night feature that allows adjustment to the
mirror so that the glare of headlamps from behind
is reduced. Push the control for daytime use; pull it for
night use.
Adjust the outside manual mirrors using the control
lever located next to the mirror.
The outside rearview mirrors can be folded flat against
the side of the vehicle by pushing them toward the
vehicle’s doors.
2-33
Outside Power Mirror
Outside Convex Mirror
Your vehicle may have an outside power mirror control
that adjusts the passenger’s side mirror.
{CAUTION:
The control for the
power mirror is located
A convex mirror can make things (like other
on the driver’s door panel,
vehicles) look farther away than they really are.
above the power window
If you cut too sharply into the right lane, you
buttons.
could hit a vehicle on your right. Check your
inside mirror or glance over your shoulder
before changing lanes.
The passenger’s side mirror is convex. A convex
mirror’s surface is curved so more can be seen from the
driver’s seat. It also makes things, like other vehicles,
To adjust the passenger’s side mirror, press the
look farther away than they really are.
corresponding edges located on the four-way control
pad to move the mirror in the direction that you want
it to go. The ignition must be turned to ON to adjust
Outside Heated Mirrors
the mirrors.
If your vehicle has this feature, when you operate
The outside rearview mirrors can be folded flat against
the rear window defogger, the heated driver’s and
the side of the vehicle by pushing them toward the
passenger’s outside power mirrors are warmed to
vehicle’s doors.
help clear them of ice, snow, and condensation.
See “Rear Window and Outside Mirror Defogger”
under Climate Control System on page 3-14 for more
information.
2-34
Storage Areas
Glove Box
Open the glove box by pulling the bottom of the handle
upward.
Cupholder(s)
The two cupholders are located in the center instrument
panel, below the climate control system. To use the
cupholder, push in on its outer edge. Then pull out the
cupholder. After use, push in the cupholder until it
latches.
There is also a cupholder located in the rear part of the
center console, behind the parking brake.
Your vehicle has shopping hooks on each front
seatback for your convenience. Lift the headrest
to access the hooks.
2-35
Sunglasses Storage Compartment
Sunroof
If the vehicle has this
feature, the switch is
located on the headliner
between the sun visors.
The sunroof will only operate when the ignition is turned
to ON. The sunroof can be opened to a vent position
or it can be opened all of the way.
You must manually open and close the sunroof cover.
To open the sunroof to the vent position, open the
sunroof cover. Then press and hold UP. To return the
If your vehicle has this feature, the sunglasses storage
sunroof to its original position, press DOWN and
compartment is located above the driver’s door. To
hold it until the sunroof reaches the desired position.
open the sunglasses storage compartment, pull down
To fully open the sunroof, open the sunroof cover. Then
and hold the upper part of the cover. To close the
press and hold DOWN. To close the sunroof, press
compartment, let go of the cover and the compartment
UP and hold it until the sunroof is closed. The sunroof
will automatically close.
will stop if the switch is released during operation.
In both the vent and fully open positions, the air flow can
be adjusted for driving comfort by pushing and holding
the switch until the sunroof moves to the desired position.
The sunroof cannot be opened or closed if the vehicle
has an electrical failure.
2-36
Section 3
Instrument Panel
Instrument Panel Overview
3-4
Warning Lights, Gages, and Indicators
3-19
Hazard Warning Flashers
3-5
Instrument Panel Cluster
3-20
Other Warning Devices
3-5
Speedometer and Odometer
3-21
Horn
3-6
Trip Odometer
3-21
Tilt Wheel
3-6
Tachometer
3-21
Turn Signal/Multifunction Lever
3-6
Safety Belt Reminder Tone
3-21
Turn and Lane-Change Signals
3-7
Brake System Warning Light
3-22
Headlamp High/Low-Beam Changer
3-7
Engine Coolant Temperature Gage
3-23
Flash-to-Pass
3-7
Highbeam On Light
3-24
Windshield Wipers
3-8
Fuel Gage
3-24
Windshield Washer
3-9
Low Fuel Warning Light
3-25
Exterior Lamps
3-9
Secondary Information Center (SIC)
3-26
Headlamps on Reminder
3-10
Clock
3-27
Daytime Running Lamps (DRL)
3-10
Safety Belt Reminder Light
3-27
Fog Lamps
3-11
Airbag Readiness Light
3-28
Instrument Panel Brightness
3-11
Charging System Light
3-29
Dome Lamp
3-12
Anti-Lock Brake System Warning Light
3-29
Accessory Power Outlets
3-12
Hold Mode Light
3-30
Ashtrays and Cigarette Lighter
3-13
Malfunction Indicator Lamp
3-30
Climate Controls
3-14
Oil Pressure Light
3-33
Climate Control System
3-14
Fog Lamp Light
3-34
Outlet Adjustment
3-17
Daytime Running Lamps (DRL) Indicator Light ...3-34
Passenger Compartment Air Filter
3-18
Door Ajar Light
3-34
3-1
Section 3
Instrument Panel
Audio System(s)
3-35
Radio Reception
3-47
AM-FM Radio
3-35
Care of Your CDs
3-47
Radio with CD (Base Level)
3-37
Care of Your CD Player
3-47
Radio with CD (MP3)
3-41
Fixed Mast Antenna
3-47
3-2
NOTES
3-3
Instrument Panel Overview
3-4
The main components of your instrument panel are
Hazard Warning Flashers
the following:
A.
Air Outlet. See Outlet Adjustment on page 3-17.
Your hazard warning flashers let you warn others. They
also let police know you have a problem. Your front
B.
Instrument Panel Cluster. See Instrument Panel
and rear turn signal lamps will flash on and off.
Cluster on page 3-20.
C.
Digital Clock and Secondary Information Center.
The hazard warning
See Clock on page 3-27 and Secondary Information
flasher button is located
Center (SIC) on page 3-26.
near the center of the
D.
Hazard Warning Flashers Button. See Hazard
instrument panel.
Warning Flashers on page 3-5.
E.
Instrument Panel Brightness Control. See Instrument
Panel Brightness on page 3-11.
F.
Hood Release. See Hood Release on page 5-10.
Your hazard warning flashers work no matter what
G.
Horn. See Horn on page 3-6.
position your key is in, and even if the key is not in.
H.
Audio System. See Audio System(s) on page 3-35.
Press the button to make the front and rear turn signal
I.
Cupholder. See Cupholder(s) on page 2-35.
lamps flash on and off. Press the button again to
J.
Ashtray. See Ashtrays and Cigarette Lighter on
turn the flashers off.
page 3-13.
When the hazard warning flashers are on, your turn
K.
Cigarette Lighter. See Ashtrays and Cigarette
signals will not work.
Lighter on page 3-13.
L.
Climate Control System. See Climate Control
Other Warning Devices
System on page 3-14.
If you carry reflective triangles, you can set them up at
M.
Glove Box. See Glove Box on page 2-35.
the side of the road about 300 feet (100 m) behind
your vehicle.
3-5
Horn
Turn Signal/Multifunction Lever
Press near or on the horn symbols on your steering
wheel pad to sound the horn.
Tilt Wheel
Your vehicle has a tilt wheel which allows you to adjust
the steering wheel before you drive. You can raise it
to the highest level to give your legs more room when
you exit and enter the vehicle.
The tilt wheel lever is
located underneath the
Uplevel shown, Base similar
steering column slightly
to the left.
The lever on the left side of the steering column
includes the following:
Turn and Lane-Change Signals. See Turn and
Lane-Change Signals on page 3-7.
Headlamp High/Low-Beam Changer. See Headlamp
High/Low-Beam Changer on page 3-7.
Flash-to-Pass. See Flash-to-Pass on page 3-7.
Exterior Light Control. See Exterior Lamps on
To tilt the steering wheel, hold the wheel and push the
page 3-9.
lever down. Then, move the wheel to a comfortable
position and pull the lever up to lock the wheel in place.
Fog Lamps, if equipped. See Fog Lamps on
page 3-11.
3-6
Turn and Lane-Change Signals
Headlamp High/Low-Beam Changer
The turn signal has two upward (for right) and
To change the headlamps from low beam to high beam,
two downward (for left) positions. These positions
push the turn signal/multifunction lever away from you.
allow you to signal a turn or a lane change.
When the high beams
To signal a turn, move the lever all the way up or
are on, this light on the
down. When the turn is finished, the lever will return
instrument panel cluster
automatically.
also will be on if the
ignition is turned to ON.
An arrow on the instrument
panel cluster will flash in
the direction of the
turn or lane change.
To change the headlamps from high beam to low beam,
pull the turn signal lever toward you.
Flash-to-Pass
To signal a lane change, just raise or lower the lever
until the arrow starts to flash. Hold it there until you
This feature lets you use your high-beam headlamps to
complete your lane change. The lever will return by itself
signal a driver in front of you that you want to pass.
when you release it.
To use it, pull the turn signal/multifunction lever toward
As you signal a turn or a lane change, if the arrows
you until the high-beam headlamps come on, then
flash rapidly, a signal bulb may be burned out and other
release the lever to turn them off.
drivers will not see your turn signal.
If a bulb is burned out, replace it to help avoid an
accident. If the arrows do not go on at all when you
signal a turn, check for burned-out bulbs and then check
the fuse. See Fuses and Circuit Breakers on page 5-80.
3-7
LO (Low Speed): Move the lever to this position for
Windshield Wipers
steady wiping at low speed.
INT (Intermittent): Move the lever to this position to
choose a delayed wiping cycle.
OFF: Move the lever to this position to turn off the
windshield wipers.
Misting Function
Move the lever toward INT for a single wiping cycle.
Hold it there until the windshield wipers start; then let go.
The windshield wipers will stop after one wipe. If you
want more wipes, hold the band toward INT longer.
Remember that damaged wiper blades may prevent
you from seeing well enough to drive safely. To avoid
damage, be sure to clear ice and snow from the
Sedan shown, Hatchback similar
wiper blades before using them.
Use this lever located on the right side of the steering
If they are frozen to the windshield, carefully loosen or
wheel to operate the windshield wipers. The ignition
thaw them. If your blades do become damaged, get
must be turned to ON to operate the windshield wipers.
new blades or blade inserts.
Heavy snow or ice can overload your wiper motor.
HI (High Speed): Move the lever to this position for
A circuit breaker will stop the motor until it cools.
wiping at high speed.
Clear away snow or ice to prevent an overload.
3-8
Windshield Washer
Exterior Lamps
To wash your windshield, pull the windshield washer/
wiper lever toward you with the ignition turned to ON.
{CAUTION:
In freezing weather, do not use your washer
until the windshield is warmed. Otherwise the
washer fluid can form ice on the windshield,
blocking your vision.
Uplevel shown, Base similar
When you release the lever, the washers will stop,
The lever on the left side of the steering column
but the wipers will continue to wipe for several cycles
operates the exterior lamps.
and will either stop or will resume at the speed you
The exterior lamp band has three positions:
were using before.
Rear Window Washer/Wiper
3
(Headlamps): Turn the band to this position to turn
on the headlamps, together with the following:
(Hatchback)
Taillamps
Your vehicle may have a rear window washer/wiper.
Operate the rear window washer/wiper system by
License Plate Lamp
pushing the windshield washer/wiper lever away from
Instrument Panel Lights
you. The wiper operates intermittently when the lever is
in the first position. Washer fluid sprays onto the rear
The headlamps will automatically turn off when the
window and the wiper operates continuously when
ignition key is turned to lock or accessory.
the lever is pushed to the second position.
3-9
; (Parking Lamps): Turn the band to this position to
The DRL system will make your low-beam headlamps
come on when the following conditions are met:
turn on the parking lamps, together with the previously
listed lamps and lights.
The ignition is on.
If your parking lamps are on and you remove the
The exterior lamp band is in OFF or in the parking
ignition key and open the door, they will automatically
lamp position.
turn off to prevent the battery from being discharged.
The parking brake is released.
OFF: Turn the band to this position to turn all lamps off,
An indicator light on the secondary information center
except the Daytime Running Lamps (DRL).
will come on when the DRL system is on. See Daytime
Running Lamps (DRL) Indicator Light on page 3-34.
Headlamps on Reminder
When the DRL system is on, the taillamps, sidemarker
lamps, parking lamps and instrument panel lights
If you open the driver’s door with the ignition turned to
will not be illuminated unless you have turned the
LOCK or ACC while leaving the lamps on, you will
exterior lamps control to the parking lamp or headlamp
hear a warning chime.
position.
The DRL system will turn off when one of the following
Daytime Running Lamps (DRL)
conditions are met:
Daytime Running Lamps (DRL) can make it easier for
The ignition is off.
others to see the front of your vehicle during the
The parking brake is on.
day. DRL can be helpful in many different driving
conditions, but they can be especially helpful in the short
The high-beam headlamps are on.
periods after dawn and before sunset. Fully functional
The low-beam headlamps are on.
daytime running lamps are required on all vehicles
first sold in Canada.
The flash-to-pass feature is used.
As with any vehicle, you should turn on the regular
headlamp system when you need it.
3-10
Fog Lamps
Instrument Panel Brightness
If your vehicle has fog lamps, use them for better
This feature controls the brightness of the instrument
visibility in foggy or misty conditions. The control for the
panel lights.
fog lamps is a band located on the middle of the turn
signal/multifunction lever.
While using the fog lamps, the ignition must be turned
to ON and the low-beam headlamps or parking
lamps must be on.
Turn the band to ON to turn the fog lamps on. An
indicator light on the secondary information center will
come on when the fog lamps are on. See Fog Lamp
Light on page 3-34.
Turn the band to OFF to turn the fog lamps off. The fog
lamps will also turn off when the high-beam headlamps
are turned on. When the high-beam headlamps are
The thumbwheel for this feature is located on the
turned off, the fog lamps will turn on again.
instrument panel to the left of the steering column.
Turn the thumbwheel clockwise to brighten the lights
or counterclockwise to dim them.
3-11
Dome Lamp
Accessory Power Outlets
Your vehicle will have one of the following dome lamp
With the accessory power outlet, you can plug in
switches.
auxiliary electrical equipment such as a cellular
telephone or CB radio.
The accessory power outlet is located next to the
parking brake on the center console.
To use the outlet, remove the protective cap. When not
in use, always cover the outlet with the protective
cap. The accessory power outlet is operational when
the ignition is turned to ACC or ON.
With Sunroof
Notice: Leaving electrical equipment on for
extended periods will drain the battery. Always turn
off electrical equipment when not in use and do
not plug in equipment that exceeds the maximum
amperage rating.
Without Sunroof
Certain electrical accessories may not be compatible
with the accessory power outlet and could result
The switches have three positions.
in blown vehicle or adapter fuses. If you experience a
problem, see your dealer for additional information
ON: The light comes on and stays on.
on accessory power outlets.
O (Door): The light comes on when a door is opened.
The light turns off when all the doors are closed.
OFF: The light remains off even when a door is opened.
3-12
Notice: Adding any electrical equipment to your
Ashtrays and Cigarette Lighter
vehicle may damage it or keep other components
from working as they should. The repairs would not
The ashtray is located at the lower part of the center
be covered by your warranty. Check with your
instrument panel. To remove the front ashtray for
dealer before adding electrical equipment.
cleaning, open the ashtray fully, press in the retaining
tab and pull the bin out.
When adding electrical equipment, be sure to follow the
proper installation instructions included with the
Notice: If you put papers or other flammable items
equipment.
in the ashtray, hot cigarettes or other smoking
materials could ignite them and possibly damage
Notice: Improper use of the power outlet can cause
your vehicle. Never put flammable items in the
damage not covered by your warranty. Do not
ashtray.
hang any type of accessory or accessory bracket
from the plug because the power outlets are
The cigarette lighter is located to the right of the front
designed for accessory power plugs only.
ashtray. To use it, turn the ignition to ACC or ON, push
the cigarette lighter in all the way and let go. When it
is ready, it will pop back out by itself.
Notice: Holding a cigarette lighter in while it is
heating will not allow the lighter to back away from
the heating element when it is hot. Damage from
overheating may occur to the lighter or heating
element. Do not hold a cigarette lighter in while it is
heating.
3-13
Climate Controls
9
(Fan): Turn the middle knob clockwise or
counterclockwise to increase or decrease the fan speed.
In any setting other than off, the fan will run continuously
Climate Control System
with the ignition on. The fan must be on in order for
the air conditioning compressor to run.
With this system you can control the heating, cooling
and ventilation for your vehicle.
To change the current mode, select one of the following
from the right knob:
Y (Vent): This mode directs air to the instrument
panel outlets.
\ (Bi-Level): This mode directs about half of the air
to the instrument panel outlets, and then directs the
remaining air to the floor outlets.
[ (Floor): This mode directs most of the air to the
floor outlets. Some of the air will also be directed to the
rear outlets. Be sure to keep the area under the front
Uplevel shown, Base similar
seats clear to allow the flow of air to the rear
compartment.
Temperature Control: Turn the left knob clockwise or
The right knob can also be used to select the defog and
counterclockwise to manually increase or decrease
defrost modes. Information on defogging and defrosting
the temperature inside your vehicle. Turn the knob to the
can be found later in this section.
blue area for cool air and to the red area for warm air.
3-14
?
(Recirculation): This mode keeps outside air
A/C (Air Conditioning): If your vehicle has air
conditioning, follow these steps to use the system. Start
from coming into the vehicle. It can be used to prevent
the engine and set the fan control knob to the desired
outside air and odors from entering your vehicle or
speed. The air conditioning compressor does not
to help heat or cool the air inside your vehicle more
operate when the fan control knob is in the off position.
quickly.
Press the A/C button to turn the air conditioning
If your vehicle has a recirculation button (uplevel
compressor on and off. When the A/C button is pressed,
model), press the button to turn the recirculation mode
an indicator light in the button will come on to let you
on. When the button is pressed, an indicator light in
know that air conditioning is activated.
the button will come on. Press the button again to return
On hot days, open the windows to let hot inside air
to outside air mode.
escape; then close them. This helps to reduce the time
If your vehicle has an air intake lever (base model),
it takes for your vehicle to cool down. It also helps
move the lever to choose the recirculation mode.
the system to operate more efficiently.
Using the recirculation mode for extended periods may
For quick cool down on hot days, do the following:
cause your windows to fog. If this happens, select
1. Select the vent mode.
the defrost mode.
2. Select the highest fan speed.
3. Press the A/C button.
:
(Outside Air): This mode brings outside air into
4. Select the recirculation mode.
the vehicle.
5. Select the coolest temperature.
If your vehicle has a recirculation button (uplevel model),
Using these settings together for long periods of time
press the button until the recirculation mode is turned off.
may cause the air inside of your vehicle to become too
Your vehicle will then return to outside air mode.
dry. To prevent this from happening, after the air in
If your vehicle has an air intake lever (base model), move
your vehicle has cooled, turn the recirculation mode off.
the lever to choose the outside air mode.
The air conditioning system removes moisture from
the air, so you may sometimes notice a small amount of
water dripping underneath your vehicle while idling or
after turning off the engine. This is normal.
3-15
Defogging and Defrosting
To help clear the side windows quickly, do the following:
1. Select the bi-level mode.
Fog on the inside of windows is a result of high humidity
or moisture condensing on the cool window glass.
2. Select the highest fan speed.
This can be minimized if the climate control system is
3. Select A/C.
used properly. There are two modes to clear fog or frost
4. Select the temperature.
from your windshield. Use the defog mode to clear
the windows of fog or moisture and warm the
1
(Defrost): This mode directs the air to the
passengers. Use the defrost mode to remove fog or
windshield and the outboard outlets for the side
frost from the windshield more quickly.
windows.
For best results, clear all snow and ice from the
windshield before defrosting.
To help clear the windshield quickly, do the following:
1. Select the defrost mode.
Select one of these available modes from the
right knob.
2. Select the highest temperature.
3. Select the highest fan speed.
0
(Defog): This mode directs most of the air to the
windshield and the floor outlets. A small amount of air
Do not drive the vehicle until all windows are clear.
is also directed to the outboard outlets for the side
windows.
3-16
Rear Window and Outside Mirror
Outlet Adjustment
Defogger
Use the knob located in the center of each outlet to
Your vehicle may have a rear window and outside
change the direction of the airflow.
mirror defogger. This feature will only work when the
Operation Tips
ignition is turned to ON.
Clear away any ice, snow or leaves from the air
The rear window defogger uses a warming grid to
inlets at the base of the windshield that may
remove fog or frost from the rear window. Before using
block the flow of air into your vehicle.
this feature, clear as much snow from the rear
window as possible.
Use of non-GM approved hood deflectors may
adversely affect the performance of the system.
< (Rear Window Defogger): Press this button to
Keep the path under the front seats clear of objects
turn the rear window and outside mirror defogger on or
to help circulate the air inside of your vehicle more
off. An indicator light in the button will come on to let
effectively.
you know that the feature is activated.
If your vehicle has air conditioning, the rear window
defogger will turn off about 10 minutes after the button
is pressed. The defogger can also be turned off by
pressing the button again or by turning the engine off.
Notice: Don’t use anything sharp on the inside
of the rear window. If you do, you could cut
or damage the warming grid, and the repairs
wouldn’t be covered by your warranty. Do not
attach a temporary vehicle license, tape, a decal
or anything similar to the defogger grid.
3-17
Passenger Compartment Air Filter
Your vehicle may have a passenger compartment
air filter. It is located behind the glove box and can be
accessed after removing the glove box from its housing.
The filter traps most of the pollen from air entering
the module. Like your engine’s air cleaner/filter, it may
need to be changed periodically.
To change the passenger compartment air filter, use the
following steps:
3. Remove the filter cover by pressing in on the
bottom retaining tab and pulling the cover down.
4. Remove the old passenger compartment air filter.
5. Then reverse the steps to install the new air
filter and replace the glove box.
Ensure that the new filter is inserted to the correct
air flow.
1. Open the glove box halfway down.
2. Grip the glove box by both the upper and lower
sides and pull it out of its housing.
3-18
Gages can indicate when there may be or is a problem
Warning Lights, Gages, and
with one of your vehicle’s functions. Often gages
Indicators
and warning lights work together to let you know when
there’s a problem with your vehicle.
This part describes the warning lights and gages that
When one of the warning lights comes on and stays on
may be on your vehicle. The pictures will help you
as you are driving, or when one of the gages shows
locate them.
there may be a problem, check the section that tells
Warning lights and gages can signal that something
you what to do about it. Please follow this manual’s
is wrong before it becomes serious enough to cause
advice. Waiting to do repairs can be costly — and even
an expensive repair or replacement. Paying attention
dangerous. So please get to know your warning
to your warning lights and gages could also save you or
lights and gages. They’re a big help.
others from injury.
Warning lights come on when there may be or is a
problem with one of your vehicle’s functions. As you
will see in the details on the next few pages, some
warning lights come on briefly when you start the engine
just to let you know they’re working. If you are familiar
with this section, you should not be alarmed when
this happens.
3-19
Instrument Panel Cluster
Your instrument panel cluster is designed to let you know at a glance how your vehicle is running. You will know how fast
you are going, how much fuel you are using, and many other things you will need to drive safely and economically.
Your vehicle’s instrument panel cluster includes indicator warning lights and gages that are explained on the following
pages.
United States shown, Canada similar
3-20
Speedometer and Odometer
Tachometer
Your speedometer lets you see your speed in both
The tachometer
miles per hour (mph) and kilometers per hour (km/h).
displays your engine
Your odometer shows how far your vehicle has
speed in revolutions
been driven in either miles, used in the United States,
per minute (rpm).
or kilometers, used in Canada.
Trip Odometer
The trip odometer can record the number of miles, used
in the United States, or kilometers, used in Canada,
traveled for up to two trips.
You can cycle between the odometer and trip
odometers A and B by pressing the reset button located
in the lower right area of the speedometer. By pressing
Safety Belt Reminder Tone
the reset button, you can tell how many miles or
If your vehicle has this feature, a tone will sound for
kilometers have been recorded on either Trip A or Trip B
several seconds when the ignition is turned to ON
since you last set the trip odometer back to zero.
to remind people to fasten their safety belts. The tone
To reset each trip odometer to zero, press and hold the
will not sound if the driver’s safety belt is already
reset button. The reset button resets only the trip
buckled.
odometer that is being displayed. Each trip odometer
must be reset individually.
3-21
If the light comes on while you are driving, pull off the
Brake System Warning Light
road and stop carefully. You may notice that the pedal is
Your vehicle’s hydraulic brake system is divided into
harder to push. Or, the pedal may go closer to the
two parts. If one part is not working, the other part can
floor. It may take longer to stop. If the light is still on,
still work and stop you. For good braking, though,
have the vehicle towed for service. See Towing
you need both parts working well.
Your Vehicle on page 4-35.
If the warning light comes on, there is a brake problem.
Have your brake system inspected right away.
{CAUTION:
This light should come on
briefly when you turn the
Your brake system may not be working
ignition to ON. If it does
properly if the brake system warning light is
not come on then, have it
on. Driving with the brake system warning light
fixed so it will be ready
on can lead to an accident. If the light is still
to warn you if there
is a problem.
on after you have pulled off the road and
stopped carefully, have the vehicle towed for
service.
When the ignition is on, the brake system warning light
will also come on when you set your parking brake.
The light will stay on if your parking brake does not fully
release. If it stays on after your parking brake is fully
released, it means you have a brake problem.
3-22
If the gage pointer moves into the red area, your engine
Engine Coolant Temperature Gage
is too hot. It means that your engine coolant has
overheated.
If you have been operating your vehicle under normal
driving conditions, you should pull off the road, stop your
vehicle and turn off the engine as soon as possible.
See Engine Overheating on page 5-24.
United States
Canada
Your vehicle has an engine coolant temperature gage.
With the ignition to ON, this gage shows the engine
coolant temperature.
3-23
Highbeam On Light
Fuel Gage
This light comes on
whenever the high-beam
headlamps are on.
See Headlamp High/Low-Beam Changer on page 3-7
for additional information.
United States
Canada
Your fuel gage tells you about how much fuel you have
left when the ignition is turned to ON.
When the tank nears empty, the low fuel warning light
will come on. You still have a little fuel left, but you
should get more soon. See Low Fuel Warning Light on
page 3-25 for more information.
3-24
Here are four things that some owners ask about.
Low Fuel Warning Light
None of these show a problem with your fuel gage:
At the service station, the gas pump shuts off before
This light comes on when
the gage reads full.
the vehicle is low on fuel.
It takes a little more or less fuel to fill up than the
gage indicated. For example, the gage may have
indicated the tank was half full, but it actually took a
little more or less than half the tank’s capacity to
fill the tank.
The indicator moves a little when you turn a corner
The low fuel warning light comes on when there is
or speed up.
approximately 1.7 gallons (6.0 liters) of fuel remaining
The gage goes back to empty when you turn off the
in the tank.
ignition.
To turn the light off, add fuel to the fuel tank. See Filling
Your Tank on page 5-7.
3-25
Secondary Information Center (SIC)
The secondary information center (SIC) displays some of the warning lights and indicators. The SIC is located in
the center of the instrument panel, above the center air outlets. The digital clock is also located in the center of
the SIC. See Clock on page 3-27 and Instrument Panel Overview on page 3-4 for more information.
3-26
Clock
Safety Belt Reminder Light
Your vehicle has a digital clock. The clock is located
The safety belt light will
in the secondary instrument cluster on the center of the
come on and stay on
instrument panel, above the center air outlets. When
until the driver’s safety
the ignition is turned to ACC or ON, the time is displayed
belt is buckled.
in the digital clock. There are two adjusting buttons
for the digital clock:
H (Hour): To go forward one hour, press the H button
once. To go forward more than one hour, press and hold
the button until the correct hour is reached.
If the driver’s belt is already buckled, the light will
M (Minute): To go forward one minute, press the M
not come on.
button once. To go forward more than one minute,
press and hold the button until the correct minute
is reached.
After disconnecting the battery or replacing the fuse,
reset the clock.
3-27
Airbag Readiness Light
{CAUTION:
There is an airbag readiness light on the secondary
information center (SIC), which shows the airbag
symbol. The system checks the airbag’s electrical
If the airbag readiness light stays on after you
system for malfunctions. The light tells you if there is
start your vehicle, it means the airbag system
an electrical problem. The system check includes
may not be working properly. The airbags in
the airbag sensor, the airbag modules, the wiring and
your vehicle may not inflate in a crash, or they
the crash sensing and diagnostic module. For more
could even inflate without a crash. To help avoid
information on the airbag system, see Airbag System
injury to yourself or others, have your vehicle
on page 1-48.
serviced right away if the airbag readiness light
This light will come on
stays on after you start your vehicle.
when you start your
vehicle, and it will flash
for a few seconds.
The airbag readiness light should flash for a few
Then the light should go
seconds when you turn the ignition to ON. If the light
out. This means the
does not come on then, have it fixed so it will be ready
system is ready.
to warn you if there is a problem.
If the airbag readiness light stays on after you start the
vehicle or comes on or flashes when you are driving,
your airbag system may not work properly. Have
your vehicle serviced right away by your GM dealer.
3-28
Charging System Light
Anti-Lock Brake System Warning
Light
The charging system light
will come on briefly when
If your vehicle has an
you turn on the ignition,
anti-lock brake system,
and the engine is not
this light will come on when
running, as a check
the ignition is turned to
to show you it is working.
ON and may stay on
for several seconds.
That is normal.
Then it should go out when the engine is started.
If it stays on, or comes on while you are driving, you
If the light stays on, turn the ignition to LOCK. Or, if
may have a problem with the electrical charging system.
the light comes on, stop as soon as possible and turn
Have it checked by your GM dealer. Driving while this
the ignition off. Then start the engine again to reset
light is on could drain your battery.
the system. If the light still stays on, or comes on again
If you must drive a short distance with the light on,
while you are driving, your vehicle needs service.
be certain to turn off all your accessories, such as the
See your GM dealer. If the regular brake system warning
radio and air conditioner.
light is not on, you still have brakes, but you do not
have anti-lock brakes. If the regular brake system
warning light is also on, you do not have anti-lock
brakes and there is a problem with your regular brakes.
See Brake System Warning Light on page 3-22.
The anti-lock brake system warning light will come on
briefly when you turn the ignition to ON. This is normal.
If the light does not come on then, have it fixed so it
will be ready to warn you if there is a problem.
3-29
This system is called OBD II (On-Board
Hold Mode Light
Diagnostics-Second Generation) and is intended to
assure that emissions are at acceptable levels for
If your vehicle has this
the life of the vehicle, helping to produce a cleaner
feature, this light will come
environment. The Check Engine light comes on
on when the hold mode
to indicate that there is a problem and service is
is active.
required. Malfunctions often will be indicated by the
system before any problem is apparent. This may
prevent more serious damage to your vehicle. This
system is also designed to assist your service technician
in correctly diagnosing any malfunction.
If the HOLD mode light flashes, have your vehicle
Notice: If you keep driving your vehicle with
checked. See “Hold Mode” under Automatic Transaxle
this light on, after awhile, your emission controls
Operation on page 2-21 for additional information
may not work as well, your fuel economy may not be
on this feature.
as good, and your engine may not run as smoothly.
This could lead to costly repairs that may not be
Malfunction Indicator Lamp
covered by your warranty.
Check Engine Light
Notice: Modifications made to the engine,
transaxle, exhaust, intake, or fuel system of your
Your vehicle is equipped
vehicle or replacement tires that do not match your
with a computer which
vehicle’s original tires can affect your vehicle’s
monitors operation of the
emission controls and may cause this light to
fuel, ignition, and emission
come on. Modifications to these systems could
control systems.
lead to costly repairs not covered by your warranty.
This may also result in a failure to pass a required
Emission Inspection/Maintenance test.
3-30
When the ignition is on, this light should come on
If the light continues to flash, when it is safe to do so,
and should go out after a few seconds as a check
stop the vehicle. Find a safe place to park your vehicle.
to show you it is working. If the light does not come
Turn the key off, wait at least 10 seconds and restart
on, have it repaired.
the engine. If the light remains on steady, see “If
the Light Is On Steady” following. If the light is still
This light will also come on during a malfunction in
flashing, follow the previous steps, and see your dealer
one of two ways:
for service as soon as possible.
Light Flashing — A misfire condition has been
detected. A misfire increases vehicle emissions
If the Light Is On Steady
and may damage the emission control system on
You also may be able to correct the emission system
your vehicle. Diagnosis and service may be
malfunction by considering the following:
required.
Did you recently put fuel into your vehicle?
Light On Steady — An emission control system
malfunction has been detected on your vehicle.
If so, reinstall the fuel cap, making sure to fully install
Diagnosis and service may be required.
the cap. See Filling Your Tank on page 5-7. The
diagnostic system can determine if the fuel cap has
If the Light Is Flashing
been left off or improperly installed. A loose or missing
fuel cap will allow fuel to evaporate into the atmosphere.
The following may prevent more serious damage to
A few driving trips with the cap properly installed
your vehicle:
should turn the light off.
Reducing vehicle speed
Did you just drive through a deep puddle of water?
Avoiding hard accelerations
If so, your electrical system may be wet. The condition
Avoiding steep uphill grades
will usually be corrected when the electrical system
dries out. A few driving trips should turn the light off.
If the light stops flashing and remains on steady,
see “If the Light Is On Steady” following.
3-31
Have you recently changed brands of fuel?
Emissions Inspection and Maintenance
If so, be sure to fuel your vehicle with quality fuel. See
Programs
Gasoline Octane on page 5-5. Poor fuel quality will
cause your engine not to run as efficiently as designed.
Some state/provincial and local governments have or
You may notice this as stalling after start-up, stalling
may begin programs to inspect the emission control
when you put the vehicle into gear, misfiring, hesitation
equipment on your vehicle. Failure to pass this
on acceleration, or stumbling on acceleration. (These
inspection could prevent you from getting a vehicle
conditions may go away once the engine is warmed up.)
registration.
This will be detected by the system and cause the
Here are some things you need to know to help your
light to turn on.
vehicle pass an inspection:
If you experience one or more of these conditions,
Your vehicle will not pass this inspection if the Check
change the fuel brand you use. It will require at least
Engine light is on or not working properly.
one full tank of the proper fuel to turn the light off.
Your vehicle will not pass this inspection if the OBD
If none of the above steps have made the light turn
(on-board diagnostic) system determines that critical
off, your dealer can check the vehicle. Your dealer has
emission control systems have not been completely
the proper test equipment and diagnostic tools to fix
diagnosed by the system. The vehicle would be
any mechanical or electrical problems that may
considered not ready for inspection. This can happen
have developed.
if you have recently replaced your battery or if your
battery has run down. The diagnostic system is
designed to evaluate critical emission control systems
during normal driving. This may take several days
of routine driving. If you have done this and your vehicle
still does not pass the inspection for lack of OBD
system readiness, your GM dealer can prepare the
vehicle for inspection.
3-32
Oil Pressure Light
{CAUTION:
If you have low engine oil
pressure, this light will
stay on after you start
Do not keep driving if the oil pressure is low.
your engine, or come on
If you do, your engine can become so hot that
when you are driving.
it catches fire. You or others could be burned.
Check your oil as soon as possible and have
your vehicle serviced.
This indicates that your engine is not receiving enough
Notice: Lack of proper engine oil maintenance
oil. The engine could be low on oil, or could have
may damage the engine. The repairs would not
some other oil problem. Have it fixed immediately by
be covered by your warranty. Always follow
your GM dealer.
the maintenance schedule in this manual for
The oil light could also come on in three other situations:
changing engine oil.
When the ignition is on but the engine is not
running, the light will come on as a test to show you
it is working. The light will go out when you turn
the ignition on. If it does not come on with the
ignition on, you may have a problem with the fuse
or bulb. Have it fixed right away.
If you are idling at a stop sign, the light may blink
on and then off.
If you make a hard stop, the light may come on for
a moment. This is normal.
3-33
A flashing DRL light indicates a possible burned out
Fog Lamp Light
headlamp, or that the vehicle may need service to repair
a defective DRL relay. See your GM dealer.
If your vehicle has this
feature, the fog lamps light
See Daytime Running Lamps (DRL) on page 3-10 for
will come on when the
more information.
fog lamps are in use.
Door Ajar Light
When the ignition is on,
this light will stay on until
all doors are closed
The light will go out when the fog lamps are turned off.
and completely latched.
See Fog Lamps on page 3-11 for more information.
Daytime Running Lamps (DRL)
Indicator Light
This light will come on
when the Daytime Running
Lamps (DRL) are on.
If the key is in the ignition while the driver’s door is
open, you will also hear a warning chime.
3-34
Audio System(s)
AM-FM Radio
Notice: Before adding any sound equipment to
your vehicle, like a tape player, CB radio, mobile
telephone, or two-way radio, make sure that it
can be added by checking with your dealer. Also,
check federal rules covering mobile radio and
telephone units. If sound equipment can be added,
it is very important to do it properly. Added
sound equipment may interfere with the operation
of your vehicle’s engine, radio, or other systems,
and even damage them. Your vehicle’s systems
may interfere with the operation of sound equipment
that has been added improperly.
Figure out which audio system is in your vehicle, find
out what your audio system can do, and how to operate
all of its controls.
Playing the Radio
O (Power): Press this knob to turn the system
on and off.
u (Volume): Turn this knob to increase or to
decrease the volume. VOL will appear on the display.
3-35
Finding a Station
4. Press and hold one of the six numbered
pushbuttons for longer than two seconds.
AM/FM: Press this button to switch between FM1, FM2,
Ch will appear on the display when the station
or AM. The display will show the selection.
has been set. Whenever that numbered pushbutton
is pressed, the station that was set will return.
p (Tune): Turn this knob to select radio stations.
5. Repeat the steps for each pushbutton.
t u (Scan): Press this knob until SCAN flashes
Setting the Tone (Bass/Treble)
on the display, then press either the up or the down
arrow buttons to determine the direction for the radio to
f (Bass/Treble): Press this button until BAS appears
scan the stations. The radio will go to a station, play
on the display. Then turn the volume knob to increase
for a few seconds, then go on to the next station.
or to decrease the bass. The display will show the
Press either arrow button again to stop scanning.
bass level.
The radio will only scan stations with a strong signal
Press this button until TRE appears on the display.
that are in the selected band.
Then turn the volume knob to increase or to decrease
the treble. The display will show the treble level.
Setting Preset Stations
If a station is weak or noisy, decrease the treble.
Up to 18 stations (six FM1, six FM2, and six AM) can
be programmed on the six numbered pushbuttons,
by performing the following steps:
1. Turn the radio on.
2. Press AM/FM to select FM1, FM2, or AM.
3. Tune in the desired station.
3-36
Adjusting the Speakers (Balance/Fade) Radio with CD (Base Level)
f (Balance/Fade): To adjust the balance between
the right and the left speakers, press this button
until BAL appears on the display. Then turn the volume
knob to increase or to decrease the balance between
the right and the left speakers. The display will show the
balance level.
To adjust the fade between the front and the rear
speakers, press this button until FAD appears on the
display. Then turn the volume knob to increase or
to decrease the fade between the front and the rear
Playing the Radio
speakers. The display will show the fade level.
ON/OFF: Press this knob to turn the system on and off.
VOL (Volume): Turn this knob to increase or to
decrease the volume.
Finding a Station
AM/FM: Press this button to switch between FM1, FM2,
or AM. The display will show the selection.
TUN (Tune): Turn this knob to select radio stations.
SCAN: Push and release this knob to scan radio
stations. The radio will go to a station, play for a few
seconds, then go on to the next station. Push this knob
again to stop scanning.
The radio will only scan stations with a strong signal
that are in the selected band.
3-37
Setting Preset Stations
Setting the Tone (Bass/Treble)
Up to 18 stations (six FM1, six FM2, and six AM), can
SOUND (Bass/Treble): Press this button until BAS
be programmed on the six numbered pushbuttons,
appears on the display. Then turn the volume knob to
by performing the following steps:
increase or to decrease the bass. The display will show
1. Turn the radio on.
the bass level. When finished making the selection,
press this button to select the bass level.
2. Press AM/FM to select FM1, FM2, or AM.
Press this button until TRE appears on the display.
3. Tune in the desired station.
Turn the volume knob to increase or to decrease the
4. Press and hold one of the six numbered
treble. The display will show the treble level. When
pushbuttons for longer than two seconds. The
finished making the selection, press this button to select
pushbutton number will flash on the display when
the treble level. If a station is weak or noisy, decrease
the station has been set. Whenever that numbered
the treble.
pushbutton is pressed, the station that was set
will return.
SOUND (Equalization): Press this button until EQ OFF
appears on the display to select customized equalization
5. Repeat the steps for each pushbutton.
settings designed for classic, pop, rock, jazz, and
Automatic Store
voice. Turn the volume knob until the desired
equalization setting appears on the display. When
Six FM1 preset stations with the strongest reception
finished making the selection, press the SOUND button
in the region can be automatically stored. Press the
to select the equalization setting.
AST button for longer than one second. Once the
stations are stored, the radio will switch to FM1 and
To cancel an equalization setting, press the SOUND
the first preset station will begin to play. FM-A will
button until EQ OFF appears on the display, turn
appear on the display when listening to the automatic
the volume knob until OFF appears on the display,
stored stations. Press the AM-FM button to cancel
then press the SOUND button again to select the
automatic store.
equalization setting.
3-38
Adjusting the Speakers (Balance/Fade)
If the ignition or radio is turned off with a CD in the
player, it will stay in the player. When the ignition
SOUND (Balance/Fade): To adjust the balance
or radio is turned on, the CD will start playing where it
between the right and the left speakers, press this
stopped, if it was the last selected audio source.
button until BAL appears on the display. Then turn
The CD player can play the smaller 3 inch (8 cm) single
the volume knob to increase or to decrease. The display
CDs with an adapter ring. Full-size CDs and the
will show the balance level. When finished making the
smaller CDs are loaded in the same manner.
selection, press this button to select the balance level.
If playing a CD-R the sound quality may be reduced
To adjust the fade between the front and the rear
due to CD-R quality, the method of recording, the quality
speakers, press this button until FAD appears on the
of the music that has been recorded, and the way the
display. Turn the volume knob to increase or to
CD-R has been handled. You may experience an
decrease the fade between the front and the rear
increase in skipping, difficulty in finding tracks, and/or
speakers. The display will show the fade level. When
difficulty in loading and ejecting. If these problems occur
finished making the selection, press this button to select
try a known good CD.
the fade level.
Do not add paper labels to CDs, they could get caught
Playing a CD
in the CD player.
If an error appears on the display, see “CD Messages”
Insert a CD partway into the slot, label side up. The
later in this section.
player will pull it in and the CD should begin playing.
You can insert a CD with the ignition off.
2 RPT (Repeat): Press this pushbutton to repeat the
current track. RPT will appear on the display. Press this
When the CD is inserted, CDP will appear on the
pushbutton again to turn off repeat play.
display. As the CD is loading Filecheck will appear on
the display. As each new track starts to play, Track and
3 INT (SCAN): Press this button to listen to the first
the track number will appear on the display.
few seconds of each track on each CD inserted. INTRO
will appear on the display. To stop scanning press
this button again. The current track will begin to play.
3-39
4 RDM (Random): Press this pushbutton to hear the
CD Messages
tracks in random, rather than sequential, order. RDM will
appear on the display. Press this pushbutton again to
CHECK CD: If this message appears on the display
turn off random play.
and/or the CD comes out, it could be for one of the
following reasons:
TRACK (Previous/Next Track): Turn this knob one
notch to go to the start of the current track or to go to the
It is very hot. When the temperature returns to
next track. The track number will appear on the
normal, the CD should play.
display. The player will continue moving backward or
You are driving on a very rough road. When the
forward through the CD with each turn of the knob.
road becomes smoother, the CD should play.
TUN (Forward/Reverse): Push and hold this knob to
The CD is dirty, scratched, wet, or upside down.
fast forward or to reverse through the current track.
The air is very humid. If so, wait about an hour and
AM/FM: Press this button to listen to the radio when a
try again.
CD is playing. The inactive CD will remain safely
There may have been a problem while burning
inside the radio for future listening.
the CD.
CD: Press this button to play a CD when listening to
The label may be caught in the CD player.
the radio. CDP will appear on the display when the CD
If the CD is not playing correctly, for any other reason,
player has been selected.
try a known good CD.
Press this button while a CD is playing to pause the
If any error occurs repeatedly or if an error cannot be
CD. Track and the track number will flash on the display.
corrected, contact your dealer. If the radio displays
Press this button again to start playing the CD.
an error message, write it down and provide it to your
dealer when reporting the problem.
X (Eject): Press this button to eject a CD. Eject
may be activated with either the ignition or radio off.
3-40
SCAN: Push and release this knob to scan radio
Radio with CD (MP3)
stations. The radio will go to a station, play for a few
seconds, then go on to the next station. Push this knob
again to stop scanning.
The radio will only scan stations with a strong signal
that are in the selected band.
Setting Preset Stations
Up to 18 stations (six FM1, six FM2, and six AM), can
be programmed on the six numbered pushbuttons,
by performing the following steps:
Playing the Radio
1. Turn the radio on.
ON/OFF: Press this knob to turn the system on and off.
2. Press AM/FM to select FM1, FM2, or AM.
VOL (Volume): Turn this knob to increase or to
3. Tune in the desired station.
decrease the volume.
4. Press and hold one of the six numbered
pushbuttons for longer than two seconds. The
Finding a Station
pushbutton number will flash on the display when
the station has been set. Whenever that numbered
AM/FM: Press this button to switch between FM1, FM2,
pushbutton is pressed, the station that was set
or AM. The display will show the selection.
will return.
TUN (Tune): Turn this knob to select radio stations.
5. Repeat the steps for each pushbutton.
3-41
Automatic Store
SOUND (Equalization): Press this button until EQ OFF
appears on the display to select customized equalization
Six FM1 preset stations with the strongest reception
settings designed for classic, pop, rock, jazz, and
in the region can be automatically stored. Press the
voice. Turn the volume knob until the desired
AST button for longer than one second. Once the
equalization setting appears on the display. When
stations are stored, the radio will switch to FM1 and
finished making the selection, press the SOUND button
the first preset station will begin to play. FM-A will
to select the equalization setting.
appear on the display when listening to the automatic
stored stations. Press the AM-FM button to cancel
To cancel an equalization setting, press the SOUND
automatic store.
button until EQ OFF appears on the display, turn
the volume knob until OFF appears on the display,
Setting the Tone (Bass/Treble)
then press the SOUND button again to select the
equalization setting.
SOUND (Bass/Treble): Press this button until BAS
appears on the display. Turn the volume knob to
Adjusting the Speakers (Balance/Fade)
increase or to decrease the bass. The display will show
the bass level. When finished making the selection,
SOUND (Balance/Fade): To adjust the balance
press this button to select the bass level.
between the right and the left speakers, press this button
until BAL appears on the display. Turn the volume
Press this button until TRE appears on the display. Turn
knob to increase or to decrease. The display will show
the volume knob to increase or to decrease the treble.
the balance level. When finished making the selection,
The display will show the treble level. When finished
press this button to select the balance level.
making the selection, press this button to select
the treble level. If a station is weak or noisy, decrease
To adjust the fade between the front and the rear
the treble.
speakers, press this button until FAD appears on the
display. Turn the volume knob to increase or to
decrease the fade between the front and the rear
speakers. The display will show the fade level. When
finished making the selection, press this button to select
the fade level.
3-42
Playing a CD
If an error appears on the display, see “CD Messages”
later in this section.
Insert a CD partway into the slot, label side up. The
player will pull it in and the CD should begin playing.
2 RPT (Repeat): Press this pushbutton to repeat the
You can insert a CD with the ignition off.
current track. RPT will appear on the display. Press this
pushbutton again to turn off repeat play.
When the CD is inserted, CDP will appear on the
display. As the CD is loading Filecheck will appear on
3 INT (Scan): Press this button to listen to the first
the display. As each new track starts to play, Track
few seconds of each track on each loaded CD. INTRO
and the track number will appear on the display.
will appear on the display. To stop scanning press
this button again. The current track will begin to play.
If the ignition or radio is turned off with a CD in the
player, it will stay in the player. When the ignition
4 RDM (Random): Press this pushbutton to hear
or radio is turned on, the CD will start playing where it
the tracks in random, rather than sequential, order. RDM
stopped, if it was the last selected audio source.
will appear on the display. Press this pushbutton
The CD player can play the smaller 3 inch (8 cm) single
again to turn off random play.
CDs with an adapter ring. Full-size CDs and the
TRACK (Previous/Next Track): Turn this knob one
smaller CDs are loaded in the same manner.
notch to go to the start of the current track or to go to
If playing a CD-R the sound quality may be reduced
the next track. The track number will appear on the
due to CD-R quality, the method of recording, the quality
display. The player will continue moving backward or
of the music that has been recorded, and the way the
forward through the CD with each turn of the knob.
CD-R has been handled. There may be an increase
in skipping, difficulty in finding tracks, and/or difficulty in
TUN (Forward/Reverse): Push and hold this knob to
loading and ejecting. If these problems occur try a
fast forward or to reverse through the current track.
known good CD.
AM/FM: Press this button to listen to the radio when
Do not add paper labels to CDs, they could get caught
a CD is playing. The inactive CD will remain safely
in the CD player.
inside the radio for future listening.
3-43
CD: Press this button to play a CD when listening to
If you wish to play large numbers of files, folders,
the radio. CDP will appear on the display when the CD
playlists or sessions minimize the length of the file,
player has been selected. The CD symbol will appear
folder or playlist name. You can also play an MP3 CD
on the display when a CD is loaded.
that was recorded using no file folders. The system
can support up to 11 folders in depth, though, keep the
Press this button while a CD is playing to pause the
depth of the folders to a minimum in order to keep
CD. Track and the track number will flash on the display.
down the complexity and confusion in trying to locate
Press this button again to start playing the CD.
a particular folder during playback. If a CD contains
more than the maximum of 50 folders, 50 playlists,
X (Eject): Press this button to eject a CD. Eject may
10 sessions, and 255 files the player will let you access
be activated with either the ignition or radio off.
and navigate up to the maximum, but all items over
the maximum will be ignored.
Using an MP3 CD
MP3 Format
Root Directory
This MP3 player will accept MP3 files that were recorded
The root directory will be treated as a folder. If the
on an up to 700 MB CD-R CD. The files can be recorded
root directory has compressed audio files, the directory
with the following fixed bit rates: 32 kpbs, 40 kpbs,
will be displayed as F1 ROOT. All files contained
56 kpbs, 64 kpbs, 80 kpbs, 96 kpbs, 112 kpbs, 128 kpbs,
directly under the root directory will be accessed prior
160 kpbs, 192 kpbs, 224 kpbs, 256 kpbs, and 320 kpbs
to any root directory folders. However, playlists (Px)
or a variable bit rate. Song title, artist name, and
will always be accessed before root folders or files.
album will be available when recorded using ID3 tags
versions 1 and 2.
Empty Directory or Folder
The player will be able to read and play a maximum
If a root directory or a folder exists somewhere in the
of 50 folders, 50 playlists, 10 sessions, and 255
file structure that contains only folders/subfolders and no
files. Long file, folder, or playlist names or a combination
compressed files directly beneath them, the player will
of a large number of files and folders or playlists may
advance to the next folder in the file structure that
cause the player to be unable to play up to the
contains compressed audio files and the empty folder
maximum number of files, folders, playlists, or sessions.
will not be displayed or numbered.
3-44
No Folder
File System and Naming
When the CD contains only compressed files, the files will
The song name that will be displayed will be the song
be located under the root folder. The next and previous
name that is contained in the ID3 tag. If the song name is
folder functions will have no function on a CD that was
not present in the ID3 tag, then the radio will display the
recorded without folders or playlists. When displaying the
file name without the extension (such as .mp3) as the
name of the folder the radio will display ROOT.
track name.
When the CD contains only playlists and compressed
Track names longer than 32 characters or 4 pages will
audio files, but no folders, all files will be located under
be shortened. The display will not show parts of words
the root folder. The folder down and the folder up
on the last page of text and the extension of the filename
buttons will search playlists (Px) first and then go to the
will not be displayed.
root folder. When the radio displays the name of the
Preprogrammed Playlists
folder the radio will display ROOT.
You can access preprogrammed playlists which were
Order of Play
created by WinAmp™, MusicMatch™, or Real Jukebox™
Tracks will be played in the following order:
software, however, you will not have editing capability.
These playlists will be treated as special folders
Play will begin from the first track in the first playlist
containing compressed audio song files.
and will continue sequentially through all tracks in
each playlist. When the last track of the last playlist
Playing an MP3
has been played, play will continue from the first
track of the first playlist.
With the ignition on, insert a CD partway into the slot,
label side up. The player will pull it in, Loading, then
If the CD does not contain any playlists, then play
Filecheck, then MP3 will appear on the display. The
will begin from the first track under the root directory.
CD should begin playing. You can insert a CD with the
When all tracks from the root directory have been
ignition off.
played, play will continue from files according to their
As each new track starts to play, F001, the track
numerical listing. After playing the last track from the
number, and the song name will appear on the display.
last folder, play will begin again at the first track of
the first folder or root directory.
3-45
If you turn off the ignition or radio with a CD in the
TRACK (Previous/Next File): Turn this knob one notch
player, it will stay in the player. When you turn on the
to go to the first track in the previous or to go to the
ignition or radio, the CD will start playing where it
next folder. The player will continue moving backward or
stopped, if it was the last selected audio source.
forward through the CD with each turn of the knob.
The CD player can play the smaller 3 inch (8 cm) single
DIR (Directory): Press and release this button to repeat
CDs with an adapter ring. Full-size CDs and the
the tracks in the current directory. DIR will appear on
smaller CDs are loaded in the same manner.
the display.
If playing a CD-R the sound quality may be reduced
Press and release this button twice to repeat the tracks
due to CD-R quality, the method of recording, the quality
in all of the directories. ALL will appear on the display.
of the music that has been recorded, and the way the
CD-R has been handled. There may be an increase
Press and release this button again to turn off
in skipping, difficulty in finding tracks, and/or difficulty in
repeat play.
loading and ejecting. If these problems occur try a
known good CD.
CD Messages
Do not add paper labels to CDs, they could get caught
CHECK CD: If this message appears on the display
in the CD player.
and/or the CD comes out, it could be for one of the
If an error appears on the display, see “CD Messages”
following reasons:
later in this section.
It is very hot. When the temperature returns to
normal, the CD should play.
All of the CD functions work the same while playing an
MP3, except for those listed here. See “Playing a
You are driving on a very rough road. When the
CD” earlier for more information.
road becomes smoother, the CD should play.
The CD is dirty, scratched, wet, or upside down.
5 DN (Down): Press this pushbutton to go to the
previous directory.
The air is very humid. If so, wait about an hour
and try again.
6 UP: Press this pushbutton to go to the next directory.
The format of the CD may not be compatible.
See “MP3 Format” earlier in this section.
3-46
There may have been a problem while burning
Care of Your CDs
the CD.
Handle CDs carefully. Store them in their original
The label may be caught in the CD player.
cases or other protective cases and away from direct
If the CD is not playing correctly, for any other reason,
sunlight and dust. If the surface of a CD is soiled,
try a known good CD.
dampen a clean, soft cloth in a mild, neutral detergent
solution and clean it, wiping from the center to the edge.
If any error occurs repeatedly or if an error cannot be
corrected, contact your dealer. If the radio displays
Be sure never to touch the side without writing when
an error message, write it down and provide it to your
handling CDs. Pick up CDs by grasping the outer edges
dealer when reporting the problem.
or the edge of the hole and the outer edge.
Radio Reception
Care of Your CD Player
AM
The use of CD lens cleaners for CD players is not
advised, due to the risk of contaminating the lens of the
The range for most AM stations is greater than for FM,
CD optics with lubricants internal to the CD mechanism.
especially at night. The longer range, however, can
cause stations to interfere with each other. AM can pick
Fixed Mast Antenna
up noise from things like storms and power lines. Try
reducing the treble to reduce this noise.
The fixed mast antenna can withstand most car washes
without being damaged. If the mast should ever
FM
become slightly bent, straighten it out by hand. If the
FM stereo will give you the best sound, but FM signals
mast is badly bent, replace it.
will reach only about 10 to 40 miles (16 to 65 km).
Check occasionally to make sure the mast is still
Tall buildings or hills can interfere with FM signals,
tightened to the antenna base located on the roof of
causing the sound to come and go.
the vehicle. If tightening is required, tighten by hand.
3-47
NOTES
3-48
Section 4
Driving Your Vehicle
Your Driving, the Road, and Your Vehicle
4-2
Freeway Driving
4-19
Defensive Driving
4-2
Before Leaving on a Long Trip
4-20
Drunken Driving
4-3
Highway Hypnosis
4-21
Control of a Vehicle
4-5
Hill and Mountain Roads
4-22
Braking
4-6
Winter Driving
4-23
Anti-Lock Brake System (ABS)
4-6
If You Are Stuck: In Sand, Mud,
Braking in Emergencies
4-8
Ice or Snow
4-28
Steering
4-8
Rocking Your Vehicle to Get It Out
4-28
Off-Road Recovery
4-11
Loading Your Vehicle
4-29
Passing
4-11
Towing
4-35
Loss of Control
4-12
Towing Your Vehicle
4-35
Driving at Night
4-14
Recreational Vehicle Towing
4-35
Driving in Rain and on Wet Roads
4-15
Towing a Trailer
4-36
City Driving
4-18
4-1
Rear-end collisions are about the most preventable of
Your Driving, the Road, and
accidents. Yet they are common. Allow enough following
Your Vehicle
distance. It is the best defensive driving maneuver, in
both city and rural driving. You never know when
the vehicle in front of you is going to brake or turn
Defensive Driving
suddenly.
The best advice anyone can give about driving is: Drive
Defensive driving requires that a driver concentrate on
defensively.
the driving task. Anything that distracts from the
driving task — such as concentrating on a cellular
Please start with a very important safety device in your
telephone call, reading, or reaching for something on
vehicle: Buckle up. See Safety Belts: They Are for
the floor — makes proper defensive driving more difficult
Everyone on page 1-10.
and can even cause a collision, with resulting injury.
Defensive driving really means “be ready for anything.”
Ask a passenger to help do things like this, or pull off the
On city streets, rural roads, or freeways, it means
road in a safe place to do them yourself. These simple
“always expect the unexpected.”
defensive driving techniques could save your life.
Assume that pedestrians or other drivers are going
to be careless and make mistakes. Anticipate what
they might do. Be ready for their mistakes.
4-2
Many adults — by some estimates, nearly half the adult
Drunken Driving
population — choose never to drink alcohol, so they
Death and injury associated with drinking and driving is
never drive after drinking. For persons under 21,
a national tragedy. It is the number one contributor
it is against the law in every U.S. state to drink alcohol.
to the highway death toll, claiming thousands of victims
There are good medical, psychological and
every year.
developmental reasons for these laws.
Alcohol affects four things that anyone needs to drive a
The obvious way to eliminate the leading highway
vehicle:
safety problem is for people never to drink alcohol
and then drive. But what if people do? How much is
Judgment
“too much” if someone plans to drive? It is a lot less than
Muscular Coordination
many might think. Although it depends on each person
and situation, here is some general information on
Vision
the problem.
Attentiveness
The Blood Alcohol Concentration (BAC) of someone
Police records show that almost half of all motor
who is drinking depends upon four things:
vehicle-related deaths involve alcohol. In most cases,
The amount of alcohol consumed
these deaths are the result of someone who was
drinking and driving. In recent years, more than
The drinker’s body weight
16,000 annual motor vehicle-related deaths have been
The amount of food that is consumed before and
associated with the use of alcohol, with more than
during drinking
300,000 people injured.
The length of time it has taken the drinker to
consume the alcohol
4-3
According to the American Medical Association, a 180 lb
the person’s BAC would be close to 0.12 percent.
(82 kg) person who drinks three 12 ounce (355 ml)
A person who consumes food just before or during
bottles of beer in an hour will end up with a BAC
drinking will have a somewhat lower BAC level.
of about 0.06 percent. The person would reach the
There is a gender difference, too. Women generally
same BAC by drinking three 4 ounce (120 ml) glasses
have a lower relative percentage of body water
of wine or three mixed drinks if each had 1-1/2
ounces
than men. Since alcohol is carried in body water, this
(45 ml) of liquors like whiskey, gin, or vodka.
means that a woman generally will reach a higher BAC
level than a man of her same body weight will when
each has the same number of drinks.
The law in most U.S. states, and throughout Canada,
sets the legal limit at 0.08 percent. In some other
countries, the limit is even lower. For example, it is
0.05 percent in both France and Germany. The
BAC limit for all commercial drivers in the United States
is 0.04 percent.
The BAC will be over 0.10 percent after three to
six drinks (in one hour). Of course, as we have seen,
it depends on how much alcohol is in the drinks,
and how quickly the person drinks them.
But the ability to drive is affected well below a BAC of
0.10 percent. Research shows that the driving skills
of many people are impaired at a BAC approaching
0.05 percent, and that the effects are worse at night.
It
is the amount of alcohol that counts. For example,
if
the same person drank three double martinis
(3 ounces or 90 ml of liquor each) within an hour,
4-4
All drivers are impaired at BAC levels above
0.05 percent. Statistics show that the chance of being
in a collision increases sharply for drivers who have
{CAUTION:
a BAC of 0.05 percent or above. A driver with a BAC
level of 0.06 percent has doubled his or her chance
Drinking and then driving is very dangerous.
of having a collision. At a BAC level of 0.10 percent,
Your reflexes, perceptions, attentiveness,
the chance of this driver having a collision is 12 times
and judgment can be affected by even a
greater; at a level of 0.15 percent, the chance is
small amount of alcohol. You can have a
25 times greater!
serious — or even fatal — collision if you
The body takes about an hour to rid itself of the alcohol
drive after drinking. Please do not drink and
in one drink. No amount of coffee or number of cold
drive or ride with a driver who has been
showers will speed that up. “I will be careful” is not the
drinking. Ride home in a cab; or if you are with
right answer. What if there is an emergency, a need
a group, designate a driver who will not drink.
to take sudden action, as when a child darts into
the street? A person with even a moderate BAC might
not be able to react quickly enough to avoid the
collision.
Control of a Vehicle
There is something else about drinking and driving that
many people do not know. Medical research shows
You have three systems that make your vehicle go
that alcohol in a person’s system can make crash
where you want it to go. They are the brakes, the
injuries worse, especially injuries to the brain, spinal
steering, and the accelerator. All three systems have
to do their work at the places where the tires meet
cord, or heart. This means that when anyone who has
the road.
been drinking — driver or passenger — is in a crash,
that person’s chance of being killed or permanently
Sometimes, as when you are driving on snow or ice,
disabled is higher than if the person had not been
it is easy to ask more of those control systems than the
drinking.
tires and road can provide. That means you can lose
control of your vehicle.
4-5
If you keep pace with the traffic and allow realistic
Braking
following distances, you will eliminate a lot of
Braking action involves perception time and
unnecessary braking. That means better braking
reaction time.
and longer brake life.
First, you have to decide to push on the brake pedal.
If your engine ever stops while you are driving, brake
That is perception time. Then you have to bring up your
normally but do not pump your brakes. If you do,
foot and do it. That is reaction time.
the pedal may get harder to push down. If your engine
stops, you will still have some power brake assist.
Average reaction time is about three-fourths of a
But you will use it when you brake. Once the power
second. But that is only an average. It might be less
assist is used up, it may take longer to stop and
with one driver and as long as two or three seconds or
the brake pedal will be harder to push.
more with another. Age, physical condition, alertness,
coordination and eyesight all play a part. So do alcohol,
drugs and frustration. But even in three-fourths of a
Anti-Lock Brake System (ABS)
second, a vehicle moving at 60 mph (100 km/h) travels
66 feet (20 m). That could be a lot of distance in an
Your vehicle may have anti-lock brakes. ABS is an
emergency, so keeping enough space between
advanced electronic braking system that will help
your vehicle and others is important.
prevent a braking skid.
And, of course, actual stopping distances vary greatly
If your vehicle has anti-lock
with the surface of the road (whether it is pavement
brakes, this warning light
or gravel); the condition of the road (wet, dry, icy); tire
on the instrument panel will
tread; the condition of your brakes; the weight of
come on briefly when
the vehicle and the amount of brake force applied.
you start your vehicle.
Avoid needless heavy braking. Some people drive
in spurts — heavy acceleration followed by heavy
braking — rather than keeping pace with traffic.
This is a mistake. Your brakes may not have time
to cool between hard stops. Your brakes will wear
out much faster if you do a lot of heavy braking.
4-6
The anti-lock system can change the brake pressure
faster than any driver could. The computer is
programmed to make the most of available tire and
road conditions. This can help you steer around
the obstacle while braking hard.
Let us say the road is wet and you are driving safely.
Suddenly, an animal jumps out in front of you. You slam
on the brakes and continue braking. Here is what
happens with ABS:
A computer senses that wheels are slowing down. If
one of the wheels is about to stop rolling, the computer
As you brake, your computer keeps receiving updates
will separately work the brakes at each wheel.
on wheel speed and controls braking pressure
accordingly.
4-7
Remember: Anti-lock does not change the time you
If you do not have anti-lock brakes, use a “squeeze”
need to get your foot up to the brake pedal or always
braking technique. This will give you maximum braking
decrease stopping distance. If you get too close to
while maintaining steering control. You can do this
the vehicle in front of you, you will not have time to apply
by pushing on the brake pedal with steadily increasing
your brakes if that vehicle suddenly slows or stops.
pressure.
Always leave enough room up ahead to stop, even
In an emergency, you will probably want to squeeze the
though you have anti-lock brakes.
brakes hard without locking the wheels. If you hear or
Using Anti-Lock
feel the wheels sliding, ease off the brake pedal.
This will help you retain steering control. If you do have
Do not pump the brakes. Just hold the brake pedal
anti-lock brakes, it is different. See Anti-Lock Brake
down firmly and let anti-lock work for you. You may feel
System (ABS) on page 4-6.
a slight brake pedal pulsation or notice some noise,
In many emergencies, steering can help you more than
but this is normal.
even the very best braking.
Braking in Emergencies
Steering
At some time, nearly every driver gets into a situation
that requires hard braking.
Power Steering
If you have anti-lock brakes, you can steer and brake at
If you lose power steering assist because the engine
the same time. However, if you do not have anti-lock
stops or the system is not functioning, you can steer but
brakes, your first reaction — to hit the brake pedal hard
it will take much more effort.
and hold it down — may be the wrong thing to do.
Your wheels can stop rolling. Once they do, the vehicle
cannot respond to your steering. Momentum will
carry it in whatever direction it was headed when the
wheels stopped rolling. That could be off the road, into
the very thing you were trying to avoid, or into traffic.
4-8
Steering Tips
The same thing can happen if you are steering through
a sharp curve and you suddenly accelerate. Those
Driving on Curves
two control systems — steering and acceleration — can
It is important to take curves at a reasonable speed.
overwhelm those places where the tires meet the
road and make you lose control.
A lot of the “driver lost control” accidents mentioned on
the news happen on curves.
What should you do if this ever happens? Ease up on
the brake or accelerator pedal, steer the vehicle the way
Here is why:
you want it to go, and slow down.
Experienced driver or beginner, each of us is subject to
Speed limit signs near curves warn that you should
the same laws of physics when driving on curves.
adjust your speed. Of course, the posted speeds
The traction of the tires against the road surface makes
are based on good weather and road conditions. Under
it possible for the vehicle to change its path when
less favorable conditions you will want to go slower.
you turn the front wheels. If there is no traction, inertia
will keep the vehicle going in the same direction. If
If you need to reduce your speed as you approach
you have ever tried to steer a vehicle on wet ice, you
a curve, do it before you enter the curve, while your front
will understand this.
wheels are straight ahead.
The traction you can get in a curve depends on the
Try to adjust your speed so you can “drive” through
condition of your tires and the road surface, the angle
the curve. Maintain a reasonable, steady speed. Wait to
at which the curve is banked, and your speed. While you
accelerate until you are out of the curve, and then
are in a curve, speed is the one factor you can control.
accelerate gently into the straightaway.
Suppose you are steering through a sharp curve.
Then you suddenly apply the brakes. Both control
systems — steering and braking — have to do their
work where the tires meet the road. Unless you
have four-wheel anti-lock brakes, adding the hard
braking can demand too much of those places.
You can lose control.
4-9
Steering in Emergencies
There are times when steering can be more effective
than braking. For example, you come over a hill and find
a truck stopped in your lane, or a car suddenly pulls
out from nowhere, or a child darts out from between
parked cars and stops right in front of you. You
can avoid these problems by braking — if you can stop
in time. But sometimes you cannot; there is not room.
That is the time for evasive action — steering around the
problem.
Your vehicle can perform very well in emergencies
like these. First apply your brakes — but, unless you
have anti-lock, not enough to lock your wheels.
See Braking on page 4-6. It is better to remove as
An emergency like this requires close attention and a
much speed as you can from a possible collision.
quick decision. If you are holding the steering wheel at
Then steer around the problem, to the left or right
the recommended 9 and 3 o’clock positions, you
depending on the space available.
can turn it a full 180 degrees very quickly without
removing either hand. But you have to act fast, steer
quickly, and just as quickly straighten the wheel
once you have avoided the object.
The fact that such emergency situations are always
possible is a good reason to practice defensive driving
at all times and wear safety belts properly.
4-10
Off-Road Recovery
Passing
You may find that your right wheels have dropped off the
The driver of a vehicle about to pass another on a
edge of a road onto the shoulder while you’re driving.
two-lane highway waits for just the right moment,
accelerates, moves around the vehicle ahead, then
goes back into the right lane again. A simple maneuver?
Not necessarily! Passing another vehicle on a two-lane
highway is a potentially dangerous move, since the
passing vehicle occupies the same lane as oncoming
traffic for several seconds. A miscalculation, an error in
judgment, or a brief surrender to frustration or anger
can suddenly put the passing driver face to face with the
worst of all traffic accidents — the head-on collision.
So here are some tips for passing:
Drive ahead. Look down the road, to the sides
and to crossroads for situations that might affect
your passing patterns. If you have any doubt
whatsoever about making a successful pass, wait
for a better time.
If
the level of the shoulder is only slightly below the
pavement, recovery should be fairly easy. Ease off the
Watch for traffic signs, pavement markings and
accelerator and then, if there is nothing in the way,
lines. If you can see a sign up ahead that might
steer so that your vehicle straddles the edge of
indicate a turn or an intersection, delay your pass.
the pavement. You can turn the steering wheel up to
A broken center line usually indicates it is all
one-quarter turn until the right front tire contacts
right to pass, providing the road ahead is clear.
the pavement edge. Then turn your steering wheel
Never cross a solid line on your side of the lane or
to go straight down the roadway.
a double solid line, even if the road seems empty
of approaching traffic.
4-11
Do not get too close to the vehicle you want to
Remember that your right outside mirror is convex.
pass while you are awaiting an opportunity. For
The vehicle you just passed may seem to be
one thing, following too closely reduces your area
farther away from you than it really is.
of vision, especially if you are following a larger
Try not to pass more than one vehicle at a time
vehicle. Also, you will not have adequate space
on two-lane roads. Reconsider before passing
if the vehicle ahead suddenly slows or stops. Keep
the next vehicle.
back a reasonable distance.
Do not overtake a slowly moving vehicle too rapidly.
When it looks like a chance to pass is coming up,
Even though the brake lamps are not flashing, it
start to accelerate but stay in the right lane and
may be slowing down or starting to turn.
do not get too close. Time your move so you will
If you are being passed, make it easy for the
be increasing speed as the time comes to move into
the other lane. If the way is clear to pass, you will
following driver to get ahead of you. Perhaps
have a running start that more than makes up
you can ease a little to the right.
for the distance you would lose by dropping back.
And if something happens to cause you to
Loss of Control
cancel your pass, you need only slow down and
drop back again and wait for another opportunity.
Let us review what driving experts say about what
happens when the three control systems — brakes,
If other vehicles are lined up to pass a slow vehicle,
steering, and acceleration — do not have enough
wait your turn. But take care that someone is not
friction where the tires meet the road to do what the
trying to pass you as you pull out to pass the slow
driver has asked.
vehicle. Remember to glance over your shoulder
and check the blind spot.
In any emergency, do not give up. Keep trying to
steer and constantly seek an escape route or area of
Check your mirrors, glance over your shoulder,
less danger.
and start your left lane change signal before moving
out of the right lane to pass. When you are far
enough ahead of the passed vehicle to see its front
in your inside mirror, activate your right lane
change signal and move back into the right lane.
4-12
Skidding
While driving on a surface with reduced traction, try
your best to avoid sudden steering, acceleration,
In a skid, a driver can lose control of the vehicle.
or braking, including engine braking by shifting to a
Defensive drivers avoid most skids by taking reasonable
lower gear. Any sudden changes could cause the tires
care suited to existing conditions, and by not overdriving
to slide. You may not realize the surface is slippery
those conditions. But skids are always possible.
until your vehicle is skidding. Learn to recognize warning
clues — such as enough water, ice, or packed snow
The three types of skids correspond to your vehicle’s
on the road to make a mirrored surface — and
three control systems. In the braking skid, your wheels
slow down when you have any doubt.
are not rolling. In the steering or cornering skid, too
much speed or steering in a curve causes tires to slip
If you have the anti-lock braking system (ABS),
and lose cornering force. And in the acceleration
remember: It helps avoid only the braking skid. If you
skid, too much throttle causes the driving wheels
do not have ABS, then in a braking skid, where the
to spin.
wheels are no longer rolling, release enough pressure
on the brakes to get the wheels rolling again. This
A c ornering skid and an acceleration skid are best
restores steering control. Push the brake pedal down
handled by easing your foot off the accelerator pedal.
steadily when you have to stop suddenly. As long as the
If your vehicle starts to slide, ease your foot off the
wheels are rolling, you will have steering control.
accelerator pedal and quickly steer the way you want
the vehicle to go. If you start steering quickly enough,
your vehicle may straighten out. Always be ready
for a second skid if it occurs.
Of course, traction is reduced when water, snow, ice,
gravel, or other material is on the road. For safety,
you will want to slow down and adjust your driving to
these conditions. It is important to slow down on slippery
surfaces because stopping distance will be longer and
vehicle control more limited.
4-13
Here are some tips on night driving.
Driving at Night
Drive defensively.
Do not drink and drive.
Adjust your inside rearview mirror to reduce the
glare from headlamps behind you.
Since you cannot see as well, you may need to
slow down and keep more space between you
and other vehicles.
Slow down, especially on higher speed roads. Your
headlamps can light up only so much road ahead.
In remote areas, watch for animals.
If you are tired, pull off the road in a safe place
and rest.
No one can see as well at night as in the daytime.
But as we get older these differences increase.
A 50-year-old driver may require at least twice as much
light to see the same thing at night as a 20-year-old.
Night driving is more dangerous than day driving.
One reason is that some drivers are likely to be
What you do in the daytime can also affect your
impaired — by alcohol or drugs, with night vision
night vision. For example, if you spend the day in bright
problems, or by fatigue.
sunshine you are wise to wear sunglasses. Your
eyes will have less trouble adjusting to night. But if you
are driving, do not wear sunglasses at night. They
may cut down on glare from headlamps, but they also
make a lot of things invisible.
4-14
You can be temporarily blinded by approaching
Driving in Rain and on Wet Roads
headlamps. It can take a second or two, or even several
seconds, for your eyes to re-adjust to the dark. When
you are faced with severe glare, as from a driver
who does not lower the high beams, or a vehicle with
misaimed headlamps, slow down a little. Avoid
staring directly into the approaching headlamps.
Keep your windshield and all the glass on your vehicle
clean — inside and out. Glare at night is made much
worse by dirt on the glass. Even the inside of the glass
can build up a film caused by dust. Dirty glass makes
lights dazzle and flash more than clean glass would,
making the pupils of your eyes contract repeatedly.
Remember that your headlamps light up far less of
a roadway when you are in a turn or curve. Keep your
eyes moving; that way, it is easier to pick out dimly
lighted objects. Just as your headlamps should
be checked regularly for proper aim, so should your
eyes be examined regularly. Some drivers suffer from
night blindness — the inability to see in dim light — and
Rain and wet roads can mean driving trouble. On a
are not even aware of it.
wet road, you cannot stop, accelerate, or turn as well
because your tire-to-road traction is not as good as
on dry roads. And, if your tires do not have much tread
left, you will get even less traction. It is always wise
to go slower and be cautious if rain starts to fall while
you are driving. The surface may get wet suddenly when
your reflexes are tuned for driving on dry pavement.
4-15
The heavier the rain, the harder it is to see. Even if
your windshield wiper blades are in good shape, a heavy
rain can make it harder to see road signs and traffic
{CAUTION:
signals, pavement markings, the edge of the road, and
even people walking.
Wet brakes can cause accidents. They will not
It is wise to keep your windshield wiping equipment in
work as well in a quick stop and may cause
good shape and keep your windshield washer tank
pulling to one side. You could lose control of
filled with washer fluid. Replace your windshield wiper
the vehicle.
inserts when they show signs of streaking or missing
After driving through a large puddle of water
areas on the windshield, or when strips of rubber start
or a car wash, apply your brake pedal lightly
to separate from the inserts.
until your brakes work normally.
Driving too fast through large water puddles or even
going through some car washes can cause problems,
too. The water may affect your brakes. Try to avoid
Hydroplaning
puddles. But if you cannot, try to slow down before
you hit them.
Hydroplaning is dangerous. So much water can build
up under your tires that they can actually ride on
the water. This can happen if the road is wet enough
and you are going fast enough. When your vehicle
is hydroplaning, it has little or no contact with the road.
4-16
Hydroplaning does not happen often. But it can if your
Driving Through Flowing Water
tires do not have much tread or if the pressure in one or
more is low. It can happen if a lot of water is standing
on the road. If you can see reflections from trees,
{CAUTION:
telephone poles, or other vehicles, and raindrops dimple
the water’s surface, there could be hydroplaning.
Flowing or rushing water creates strong
Hydroplaning usually happens at higher speeds. There
just is not a hard and fast rule about hydroplaning.
forces. If you try to drive through flowing
The best advice is to slow down when it is raining.
water, as you might at a low water crossing,
your vehicle can be carried away. As little as
Driving Through Deep Standing Water
six inches of flowing water can carry away a
smaller vehicle. If this happens, you and other
Notice: If you drive too quickly through deep
vehicle occupants could drown. Do not ignore
puddles or standing water, water can come in
through your engine’s air intake and badly damage
police warning signs, and otherwise be very
your engine. Never drive through water that is
cautious about trying to drive through
slightly lower than the underbody of your vehicle.
flowing water.
If you cannot avoid deep puddles or standing water,
drive through them very slowly.
Some Other Rainy Weather Tips
Besides slowing down, allow some extra following
distance. And be especially careful when you
pass another vehicle. Allow yourself more clear
room ahead, and be prepared to have your
view restricted by road spray.
Have good tires with proper tread depth.
See Tires on page 5-48.
4-17
Here are ways to increase your safety in city driving:
City Driving
Know the best way to get to where you are
going. Get a city map and plan your trip into
an unknown part of the city just as you would
for a cross-country trip.
Try to use the freeways that rim and crisscross
most large cities. You will save time and energy.
See Freeway Driving on page 4-19.
Treat a green light as a warning signal. A traffic
light is there because the corner is busy enough
to need it. When a light turns green, and just before
you start to move, check both ways for vehicles
that have not cleared the intersection or may
be running the red light.
One of the biggest problems with city streets is the
amount of traffic on them. You will want to watch out for
what the other drivers are doing and pay attention to
traffic signals.
4-18
The most important advice on freeway driving is: Keep
Freeway Driving
up with traffic and keep to the right. Drive at the
same speed most of the other drivers are driving.
Too-fast or too-slow driving breaks a smooth traffic
flow. Treat the left lane on a freeway as a passing lane.
At the entrance, there is usually a ramp that leads to
the freeway. If you have a clear view of the freeway as
you drive along the entrance ramp, you should begin
to check traffic. Try to determine where you expect
to blend with the flow. Try to merge into the gap at
close to the prevailing speed. Switch on your turn signal,
check your mirrors, and glance over your shoulder as
often as necessary. Try to blend smoothly with the
traffic flow.
Once you are on the freeway, adjust your speed to
the posted limit or to the prevailing rate if it is slower.
Stay in the right lane unless you want to pass.
Before changing lanes, check your mirrors. Then use
your turn signal.
Mile for mile, freeways — also called thruways, parkways,
expressways, turnpikes, or superhighways — are the
safest of all roads. But they have their own special rules.
4-19
Just before you leave the lane, glance quickly over your
Before Leaving on a Long Trip
shoulder to make sure there is not another vehicle in
your blind spot.
Make sure you are ready. Try to be well rested. If you
must start when you are not fresh — such as after
Once you are moving on the freeway, make certain
a day’s work — do not plan to make too many miles that
you allow a reasonable following distance.
first part of the journey. Wear comfortable clothing
Expect to move slightly slower at night.
and shoes you can easily drive in.
When you want to leave the freeway, move to the
Is your vehicle ready for a long trip? If you keep it
proper lane well in advance. If you miss your exit,
serviced and maintained, it is ready to go. If it needs
do not, under any circumstances, stop and back up.
service, have it done before starting out. Of course, you
Drive on to the next exit.
will find experienced and able service experts in GM
dealerships all across North America. They will be ready
The exit ramp can be curved, sometimes quite sharply.
and willing to help if you need it.
The exit speed is usually posted. Reduce your speed
according to your speedometer, not to your sense
Here are some things you can check before a trip:
of motion. After driving for any distance at higher
Windshield Washer Fluid: Is the reservoir full?
speeds, you may tend to think you are going slower
Are all windows clean inside and outside?
than you actually are.
Wiper Blades: Are they in good shape?
Fuel, Engine Oil, Other Fluids: Have you checked
all levels?
Lamps: Are they all working? Are the lenses clean?
4-20
Tires: They are vitally important to a safe,
What can you do about highway hypnosis? First, be
trouble-free trip. Is the tread good enough for
aware that it can happen.
long-distance driving? Are the tires all inflated
Then here are some tips:
to the recommended pressure?
Make sure your vehicle is well ventilated, with a
Weather Forecasts: What is the weather outlook
comfortably cool interior.
along your route? Should you delay your trip a
Keep your eyes moving. Scan the road ahead
short time to avoid a major storm system?
and to the sides. Check your rearview mirrors
Maps: Do you have up-to-date maps?
and your instruments frequently.
If you get sleepy, pull off the road into a rest,
Highway Hypnosis
service, or parking area and take a nap, get some
exercise, or both. For safety, treat drowsiness
Is there actually such a condition as highway hypnosis?
on the highway as an emergency.
Or is it just plain falling asleep at the wheel? Call it
highway hypnosis, lack of awareness, or whatever.
There is something about an easy stretch of road with
the same scenery, along with the hum of the tires on
the road, the drone of the engine, and the rush of
the wind against the vehicle that can make you sleepy.
Do not let it happen to you! If it does, your vehicle
can leave the road in less than a second, and you
could crash and be injured.
4-21
If you drive regularly in steep country, or if you are
Hill and Mountain Roads
planning to visit there, here are some tips that can make
your trips safer and more enjoyable.
Keep your vehicle in good shape. Check all fluid
levels and also the brakes, tires, cooling system,
and transaxle. These parts can work hard on
mountain roads.
Know how to go down hills. The most important
thing to know is this: let your engine do some of
the slowing down. Shift to a lower gear when you
go down a steep or long hill.
{CAUTION:
If you do not shift down, your brakes could
get so hot that they would not work well. You
would then have poor braking or even none
Driving on steep hills or mountains is different from
going down a hill. You could crash. Shift down
driving in flat or rolling terrain.
to let your engine assist your brakes on a
steep downhill slope.
4-22
Winter Driving
{CAUTION:
Coasting downhill in NEUTRAL (N) or with the
ignition off is dangerous. Your brakes will have
to do all the work of slowing down. They could
get so hot that they would not work well. You
would then have poor braking or even none
going down a hill. You could crash. Always
have your engine running and your vehicle in
gear when you go downhill.
Know how to go uphill. Drive in the highest gear
possible.
Stay in your own lane when driving on two-lane
roads in hills or mountains. Do not swing wide
or cut across the center of the road. Drive at
speeds that let you stay in your own lane.
Here are some tips for winter driving:
As you go over the top of a hill, be alert. There
Have your vehicle in good shape for winter.
could be something in your lane, like a stalled car
You may want to put winter emergency supplies
or an accident.
in your trunk.
You may see highway signs on mountains that
Also see Tires on page 5-48.
warn of special problems. Examples are long
grades, passing or no-passing zones, a falling
rocks area, or winding roads. Be alert to these
and take appropriate action.
4-23
Driving on Snow or Ice
Most of the time, those places where your tires meet
the road probably have good traction.
However, if there is snow or ice between your tires and
the road, you can have a very slippery situation. You
will have a lot less traction, or grip, and will need to be
very careful.
Include an ice scraper, a small brush or broom, a
supply of windshield washer fluid, a rag, some winter
outer clothing, a small shovel, a flashlight, a red
cloth, and a couple of reflective warning triangles.
And, if you will be driving under severe conditions,
include a small bag of sand, a piece of old carpet,
or a couple of burlap bags to help provide traction.
Be sure you properly secure these items in your vehicle.
4-24
What is the worst time for this? Wet ice. Very cold
Remember, unless you have ABS, if you brake so hard
snow or ice can be slick and hard to drive on. But wet
that your wheels stop rolling, you will just slide. Brake
ice can be even more trouble because it may offer
so your wheels always keep rolling and you can
the least traction of all. You can get wet ice when it is
still
steer.
about freezing, 32°F (0°C), and freezing rain begins
Whatever your braking system, allow greater
to fall. Try to avoid driving on wet ice until salt and
following distance on any slippery road.
sand crews can get there.
Watch for slippery spots. The road might be fine
Whatever the condition — smooth ice, packed, blowing,
until you hit a spot that is covered with ice. On
or loose snow — drive with caution.
an otherwise clear road, ice patches may appear in
Accelerate gently. Try not to break the fragile traction.
shaded areas where the sun cannot reach, such
If you accelerate too fast, the drive wheels will spin and
as around clumps of trees, behind buildings,
polish the surface under the tires even more.
or under bridges. Sometimes the surface of a
curve or an overpass may remain icy when the
Unless you have the anti-lock braking system (ABS),
surrounding roads are clear. If you see a patch of
you will want to brake very gently, too. If you do
ice ahead of you, brake before you are on it. Try
have ABS, see Anti-Lock Brake System (ABS) on
not to brake while you are actually on the ice, and
page 4-6. This system improves your vehicle’s stability
avoid sudden steering maneuvers.
when you make a hard stop on a slippery road.
Whether you have ABS or not, you will want to begin
stopping sooner than you would on dry pavement.
Without ABS, if you feel your vehicle begin to slide,
let up on the brakes a little. Push the brake pedal
down steadily to get the most traction you can.
4-25
If You Are Caught in a Blizzard
If you are stopped by heavy snow, you could be in a
serious situation. You should probably stay with
your vehicle unless you know for sure that you are near
help and you can hike through the snow. Here are
some things to do to summon help and keep yourself
and your passengers safe:
Turn on your hazard flashers.
Tie a red cloth to your vehicle to alert police that
you have been stopped by the snow.
Put on extra clothing or wrap a blanket around you.
If you do not have blankets or extra clothing, make
body insulators from newspapers, burlap bags,
rags, floor mats — anything you can wrap around
yourself or tuck under your clothing to keep warm.
You can run the engine to keep warm, but be careful.
4-26
Run your engine only as long as you must. This saves
fuel. When you run the engine, make it go a little
{CAUTION:
faster than just idle. That is, push the accelerator
slightly. This uses less fuel for the heat that you get
and it keeps the battery charged. You will need a
Snow can trap exhaust gases under your
well-charged battery to restart the vehicle, and possibly
vehicle. This can cause deadly CO (carbon
for signaling later on with your headlamps. Let the
monoxide) gas to get inside. CO could
heater run for a while.
overcome you and kill you. You cannot see it
or smell it, so you might not know it is in your
Then, shut the engine off and close the window
almost all the way to preserve the heat. Start the
vehicle. Clear away snow from around the
engine again and repeat this only when you feel really
base of your vehicle, especially any that is
uncomfortable from the cold. But do it as little as
blocking your exhaust pipe. And check around
possible. Preserve the fuel as long as you can. To
again from time to time to be sure snow does
help keep warm, you can get out of the vehicle and
not collect there.
do some fairly vigorous exercises every half hour or
so until help comes.
Open a window just a little on the side of the
vehicle that is away from the wind. This will
help keep CO out.
4-27
Notice: Spinning your wheels can destroy parts of
If You Are Stuck: In Sand, Mud,
your vehicle as well as the tires. If you spin the
Ice or Snow
wheels too fast while shifting your transaxle back
and forth, you can destroy your transaxle. See
In order to free your vehicle when it is stuck, you
Rocking Your Vehicle to Get It Out on page 4-28.
will need to spin the wheels, but you do not want to
spin your wheels too fast. The method known as rocking
For information about using tire chains on your vehicle,
can help you get out when you are stuck, but you
see Tire Chains on page 5-61.
must use caution.
Rocking Your Vehicle to Get It Out
First, turn your steering wheel left and right. That
{CAUTION:
will clear the area around your front wheels. Then shift
back and forth between REVERSE (R) and a forward
If you let your tires spin at high speed, they
gear, or with a manual transaxle, between FIRST (1) or
can explode, and you or others could be
SECOND (2) and REVERSE (R), spinning the wheels
injured. And, the transaxle or other parts of
as little as possible. Release the accelerator pedal while
the vehicle can overheat. That could cause an
you shift, and press lightly on the accelerator pedal
engine compartment fire or other damage.
when the transaxle is in gear. By slowly spinning your
When you are stuck, spin the wheels as little
wheels in the forward and reverse directions, you
will cause a rocking motion that may free your vehicle.
as possible. Do not spin the wheels above
If that does not get you out after a few tries, you
35 mph (55 km/h) as shown on the
may need to be towed out. If you do need to be towed
speedometer.
out, see Towing Your Vehicle on page 4-35.
4-28
Loading Your Vehicle
Tire and Loading Information Label
It is very important to know how much weight your vehicle
can carry. This weight is called the vehicle capacity
weight or maximum load amount and includes the weight
of all occupants, cargo and all nonfactory-installed
options. Two labels on your vehicle show how much
weight it may properly carry, the Tire and Loading
Information label and the Certification label.
{CAUTION:
Do not load your vehicle any heavier than the
Gross Vehicle Weight Rating (GVWR), or either
the maximum front or rear Gross Axle Weight
Label Example - United States Version
Rating (GAWR). If you do, parts on your
vehicle can break, and it can change the way
A. Vehicle Capacity Weight
your vehicle handles. These could cause you
to lose control and crash. Also, overloading
can shorten the life of your vehicle.
4-29
The Tire and Loading Information label is attached to
the driver’s side, center pillar, below the door latch.
There is also important loading information on the
Certification label. It tells you the Gross Vehicle Weight
Rating (GVWR) and the Gross Axle Weight Rating
(GAWR) for the front and rear axle; see “Certification
Label” later in this section.
Steps for Determining Correct Load Limit
1.
If your vehicle has the Tire and Loading Information
label, United States version, locate the “Vehicle
Capacity Weight” (A). If your vehicle has the
Tire and Loading Information label, Canadian
version, locate the “Maximum Load” amount.
2.
Determine the combined weight of the driver and
passengers that will be riding in your vehicle.
3.
Subtract the combined weight of the driver and
Label Example - Canadian Version
passengers from Vehicle Capacity Weight (United
The Tire and Loading Information label shows your
States version) or subtract the combined weight
vehicle’s seating capacity, the total weight it can properly
of the driver and passengers from Maximum Load
carry and the original equipment tire size and the
(Canadian version).
recommended cold tire inflation pressure for those tires.
For more information on tires and inflation see Tires
on page 5-48 and Inflation - Tire Pressure on page 5-54.
4-30
4. The resulting figure equals the available amount of
cargo and luggage load capacity. For example, if
the Vehicle Capacity Weight or the Maximum Load
amount equals 1400 lbs (635 kg) and there will
be five 150 lb (68 kg) passengers in your vehicle,
the amount of available cargo and luggage load
capacity is 650 lbs (295 kg).
5. Determine the combined weight of luggage and
cargo being loaded on the vehicle. That weight
may not safely exceed the available cargo
and luggage load capacity calculated in Step 4.
Example 1
Item
Description
Total
Vehicle Capacity Weight
A
or Maximum Load, for
1,000 lbs (453 kg)
Example 1 =
Subtract Occupant
B
Weight 150 lbs
300 lbs (136 kg)
(68
kg) × 2 =
C AvailableOccupantand
700 lbs (317 kg)
Cargo Weight =
4-31
Example 2
Example 3
Item
Description
Total
Item
Description
Total
Vehicle Capacity Weight
Vehicle Capacity Weight
A
or Maximum Load for
1,000 lbs (453 kg)
A
or Maximum Load for
1,000 lbs (453 kg)
Example 2 =
Example 3 =
Subtract Occupant
Subtract Occupant
B
Weight 150 lbs
750 lbs (340 kg)
B
Weight 200 lbs
1,000 lbs (453 kg)
(68
kg) × 5 =
(91 kg) × 5 =
C AvailableCargo
250 lbs (113 kg)
C AvailableCargo
0 lbs (0 kg)
Weight =
Weight =
Refer to your vehicle’s tire and loading information label
for specific information about your vehicle’s capacity
weight and seating positions. The combined weight of the
driver, passengers, and cargo should never exceed your
vehicle’s capacity weight or maximum load weight.
4-32
Certification Label
Label Example - Canadian Version
A vehicle specific Certification label is attached to the
center pillar (B-pillar), below the driver’s door latch.
This label tells you the gross weight capacity of
your vehicle, called the Gross Vehicle Weight Rating
Label Example - United States Version
(GVWR). The GVWR includes the weight of the
vehicle, all occupants, fuel and cargo. Never exceed
the GVWR for your vehicle, or the Gross Axle Weight
Rating (GAWR) for either the front or rear axle.
4-33
And, if you do have a heavy load, you should spread it
out. Do not carry more than 110 lbs (50 kg) in the trunk.
{CAUTION:
{CAUTION:
Things you put inside your vehicle can strike
and injure people in a sudden stop or turn, or
in a crash.
Do not load your vehicle any heavier than the
Gross Vehicle Weight Rating (GVWR), or either
Put things in the cargo area of your
the maximum front or rear Gross Axle Weight
vehicle. Try to spread the weight evenly.
Rating (GAWR). If you do, parts on your
Never stack heavier things, like suitcases,
vehicle can break, and it can change the way
inside the vehicle so that some of them
are above the tops of the seats.
your vehicle handles. These could cause you
Do not leave an unsecured child restraint
to lose control and crash. Also, overloading
in your vehicle.
can shorten the life of your vehicle.
When you carry something inside the
vehicle, secure it whenever you can.
Notice: Overloading your vehicle may cause
Do not leave a seat folded down unless
damage. Repairs would not be covered by your
you need to.
warranty. Do not overload your vehicle.
If you put things inside your vehicle — like suitcases,
tools, packages, or anything else — they will go as fast
as the vehicle goes. If you have to stop or turn
quickly, or if there is a crash, they will keep going.
4-34
Here are some important things to consider before
Towing
you do recreational vehicle towing:
What is the towing capacity of the towing vehicle?
Towing Your Vehicle
Be sure you read the tow vehicle manufacturer’s
recommendations.
Consult your dealer or a professional towing service if
you need to have your disabled vehicle towed. See
How far will you tow? Some vehicles have
Roadside Assistance Program on page 7-6.
restrictions on how far and how long they can tow.
If you want to tow your vehicle behind another vehicle
Do you have the proper towing equipment?
for recreational purposes (such as behind a motorhome),
See your dealer or trailering professional for
see “Recreational Vehicle Towing” following.
additional advice and equipment recommendations.
Is your vehicle ready to be towed? Just as you
Recreational Vehicle Towing
would prepare your vehicle for a long trip, you
will want to make sure your vehicle is prepared to
Recreational vehicle towing means towing your vehicle
be towed. See Before Leaving on a Long Trip
behind another vehicle, such as behind a motorhome.
on page 4-20.
The two most common types of recreational vehicle
towing are known as “dinghy towing” (towing your
Dinghy Towing
vehicle with all four wheels on the ground) and
“dolly towing” (towing your vehicle with two wheels
Notice: If you tow your vehicle with all four wheels
on the ground and two wheels up on a device known
on the ground, the drivetrain components could
as a “dolly”).
be damaged. The repairs would not be covered by
your warranty. Do not tow your vehicle with all
With the proper preparation and equipment, many
four wheels on the ground.
vehicles can be towed in these ways. See “Dinghy
Your vehicle was not designed to be towed with all
Towing” and “Dolly Towing,” following.
four wheels on the ground. If your vehicle must
be towed, you should use a dolly. See “Dolly Towing”
that follows for more information.
4-35
Dolly Towing
3. Put the vehicle in NEUTRAL (N).
4. Set the parking brake and then remove the key.
Notice: Towing your vehicle from the rear with the
front wheels on the ground could cause transaxle
5. Clamp the steering wheel in a straight-ahead
damage. Do not tow the vehicle from the rear
position.
with the front wheels on the road.
6. Release the parking brake.
Towing a Trailer
Do not use your vehicle to tow a trailer. The vehicle is not
designed or intended for such a use. Towing a trailer can
adversely affect handling, durability and fuel economy.
Your vehicle can be towed using a dolly. To tow your
vehicle using a dolly, follow these steps:
1. Put the front wheels on a dolly.
2. Turn the ignition to ACC.
4-36
Section 5
Service and Appearance Care
Service
5-3
Windshield Washer Fluid
5-32
Doing Your Own Service Work
5-4
Brakes
5-33
Adding Equipment to the Outside
Battery
5-36
of Your Vehicle
5-4
Jump Starting
5-36
Fuel
5-5
Headlamp Aiming
5-41
Gasoline Octane
5-5
Bulb Replacement
5-41
Gasoline Specifications
5-5
Halogen Bulbs
5-41
California Fuel
5-5
Headlamps
5-42
Additives
5-6
Front Turn Signal and Parking Lamps
5-43
Fuels in Foreign Countries
5-6
Turn Signal Lamps (Side)
5-44
Filling Your Tank
5-7
Fog Lamps
5-44
Filling a Portable Fuel Container
5-9
Sidemarker Lamps (Front)
5-45
Checking Things Under the Hood
5-10
Sidemarker Lamps (Rear)
5-46
Hood Release
5-10
Taillamps, Turn Signal, Stoplamps and
Engine Compartment Overview
5-12
Back-up Lamps
5-46
Engine Oil
5-13
Replacement Bulbs
5-47
Engine Air Cleaner/Filter
5-17
Windshield Wiper Blade Replacement
5-47
Automatic Transaxle Fluid
5-18
Tires
5-48
Manual Transaxle Fluid
5-20
Tire Sidewall Labelling
5-49
Hydraulic Clutch
5-20
Tire Terminology and Definitions
5-51
Engine Coolant
5-21
Inflation - Tire Pressure
5-54
Coolant Surge Tank Pressure Cap
5-24
Tire Inspection and Rotation
5-55
Engine Overheating
5-24
When It Is Time for New Tires
5-57
Cooling System
5-26
Buying New Tires
5-58
Power Steering Fluid
5-31
5-1
Section 5
Service and Appearance Care
Uniform Tire Quality Grading
5-58
Windshield and Wiper Blades
5-75
Wheel Alignment and Tire Balance
5-60
Aluminum Wheels
5-75
Wheel Replacement
5-60
Tires
5-76
Tire Chains
5-61
Sheet Metal Damage
5-76
If a Tire Goes Flat
5-61
Finish Damage
5-76
Changing a Flat Tire
5-62
Underbody Maintenance
5-77
Removing the Spare Tire and Tools
5-64
Chemical Paint Spotting
5-77
Removing the Flat Tire and Installing
Vehicle Care/Appearance Materials
5-77
the Spare Tire
5-65
Vehicle Identification
5-78
Storing a Flat or Spare Tire and Tools
5-69
Vehicle Identification Number (VIN)
5-78
Compact Spare Tire
5-70
Service Parts Identification Label
5-79
Appearance Care
5-70
Electrical System
5-79
Fabric/Carpet
5-71
Add-On Electrical Equipment
5-79
Vinyl
5-72
Headlamp Wiring
5-79
Instrument Panel
5-73
Windshield Wiper Fuses
5-79
Interior Plastic Components
5-73
Power Windows and Other Power Options
5-79
Glass Surfaces
5-73
Fuses and Circuit Breakers
5-80
Care of Safety Belts
5-73
Instrument Panel Fuse Block
5-80
Weatherstrips
5-73
Engine Compartment Fuse Block
5-82
Washing Your Vehicle
5-74
Capacities and Specifications
5-85
Cleaning Exterior Lamps/Lenses
5-74
Finish Care
5-74
Normal Maintenance Replacement Parts
5-86
5-2
Service
California Proposition 65 Warning
Most motor vehicles, including this one, contain and/or
Your dealer knows your vehicle best and wants you to
emit chemicals known to the State of California to
be happy with it. We hope you will go to your dealer
cause cancer and birth defects or other reproductive
for all your service needs. You will get genuine GM parts
harm. Engine exhaust, many parts and systems
and GM-trained and supported service people.
(including some inside the vehicle), many fluids, and
We hope you will want to keep your GM vehicle all GM.
some component wear by-products contain and/or emit
Genuine GM parts have one of these marks:
these chemicals.
5-3
Doing Your Own Service Work
{CAUTION:
If you want to do some of your own service work, you
will want to use the proper service manual. It tells
you much more about how to service your vehicle than
You can be injured and your vehicle could be
this manual can. To order the proper service manual,
damaged if you try to do service work on a
see Service Publications Ordering Information on
vehicle without knowing enough about it.
page 7-12.
Be sure you have sufficient knowledge,
Your vehicle has an airbag system. Before attempting
experience, the proper replacement parts
to do your own service work, see Servicing Your
and tools before you attempt any vehicle
Airbag-Equipped Vehicle on page 1-54.
maintenance task.
You should keep a record with all parts receipts and
Be sure to use the proper nuts, bolts and
list the mileage and the date of any service work
other fasteners. English and metric
you perform. See Part E: Maintenance Record
fasteners can be easily confused. If you
on page 6-26.
use the wrong fasteners, parts can later
break or fall off. You could be hurt.
Adding Equipment to the Outside
of Your Vehicle
Things you might add to the outside of your vehicle
can affect the airflow around it. This may cause
wind noise and affect windshield washer performance.
Check with your dealer before adding equipment to
the outside of your vehicle.
5-4
Fuel
Gasoline Specifications
Use of the recommended fuel is an important part of the
It is recommended that gasoline meet specifications
proper maintenance of your vehicle.
which were developed by automobile manufacturers
around the world and contained in the World-Wide Fuel
Charter which is available from the Alliance of Automobile
Gasoline Octane
Manufacturers at www.autoalliance.org/fuel_charter.htm.
Gasoline meeting these specifications could provide
Use regular unleaded gasoline with a posted octane
improved driveability and emission control system
of 87 or higher. If the octane is less than 87, you may
performance compared to other gasoline.
get a heavy knocking noise when you drive. If this
occurs, use a gasoline rated at 87 octane or higher as
soon as possible. Otherwise, you might damage
California Fuel
your engine. A little pinging noise when you accelerate
or drive uphill is considered normal. This does not
If your vehicle is certified to meet California Emission
indicate a problem exists or that a higher-octane fuel is
Standards, it is designed to operate on fuels that
necessary. If you are using 87 octane or higher-octane
meet California specifications. See the underhood
fuel and hear heavy knocking, your engine needs
emission control label. If this fuel is not available
service.
in states adopting California emissions standards, your
vehicle will operate satisfactorily on fuels meeting
federal specifications, but emission control system
performance may be affected. The malfunction indicator
lamp may turn on and your vehicle may fail a
smog-check test. See Malfunction Indicator Lamp on
page 3-30. If this occurs, return to your authorized
GM dealer for diagnosis. If it is determined that
the condition is caused by the type of fuel used, repairs
may not be covered by your warranty.
5-5
Some gasolines that are not reformulated for low
Additives
emissions may contain an octane-enhancing additive
To provide cleaner air, all gasolines in the United States
called methylcyclopentadienyl manganese tricarbonyl
are now required to contain additives that will help
(MMT); ask the attendant where you buy gasoline
prevent engine and fuel system deposits from forming,
whether the fuel contains MMT. General Motors does
allowing your emission control system to work
not recommend the use of such gasolines. Fuels
properly. In most cases, you should not have to add
containing MMT can reduce the life of spark plugs and
anything to your fuel. However, some gasolines contain
the performance of the emission control system may
only the minimum amount of additive required to
be affected. The malfunction indicator lamp may turn on.
meet U.S. Environmental Protection Agency regulations.
If this occurs, return to your authorized GM dealer for
General Motors recommends that you buy gasolines
service.
that are advertised to help keep fuel injectors and intake
valves clean. If your vehicle experiences problems
Fuels in Foreign Countries
due to dirty injectors or valves, try a different brand of
gasoline. Also, your GM dealer has additives that
If you plan on driving in another country outside the
will help correct and prevent most deposit-related
United States or Canada, the proper fuel may be hard
problems.
to find. Never use leaded gasoline or any other fuel
not recommended in the previous text on fuel. Costly
Gasolines containing oxygenates, such as ethers and
repairs caused by use of improper fuel would not
ethanol, and reformulated gasolines may be available in
be covered by your warranty.
your area to contribute to clean air. General Motors
recommends that you use these gasolines, particularly if
To check the fuel availability, ask an auto club, or
they comply with the specifications described earlier.
contact a major oil company that does business in the
country where you will be driving.
Notice: Your vehicle was not designed for fuel that
contains methanol. Do not use fuel containing
methanol. It can corrode metal parts in your fuel
system and also damage the plastic and rubber
parts. That damage would not be covered under
your warranty.
5-6
To open the fuel filler door,
Filling Your Tank
pull up on the release
lever located on the floor
on the outboard side of the
{CAUTION:
driver’s seat.
Fuel vapor burns violently and a fuel fire can
cause bad injuries. To help avoid injuries to
you and others, read and follow all the
instructions on the pump island. Turn off your
engine when you are refueling. Do not smoke
if you are near fuel or refueling your vehicle.
Keep sparks, flames and smoking materials
away from fuel. Do not leave the fuel pump
unattended when refueling your vehicle — this
is against the law in some places. Keep
children away from the fuel pump; never let
children pump fuel.
5-7
{CAUTION:
If you spill fuel and then something ignites it,
you could be badly burned. Fuel can spray out
on you if you open the fuel cap too quickly.
This spray can happen if your tank is nearly
full, and is more likely in hot weather. Open
the fuel cap slowly and wait for any hiss noise
to stop. Then unscrew the cap all the way.
Be careful not to spill fuel. Do not top off or overfill the
tank and wait a few seconds after you have finished
The tethered fuel cap is located behind a hinged fuel
pumping before removing the nozzle. Clean fuel
door on the passenger’s side of the vehicle.
from painted surfaces as soon as possible. See
To remove the fuel cap, turn it slowly to the left
Washing Your Vehicle on page 5-74.
(counterclockwise). The fuel cap has a spring in it;
When replacing the fuel cap, turn it to the right
if the cap is released too soon, it will spring back
(clockwise) until it clicks. Make sure the cap is fully
to the right.
installed. The diagnostic system can determine if the
fuel cap has been left off or improperly installed.
This would allow fuel to evaporate into the atmosphere.
See Malfunction Indicator Lamp on page 3-30.
5-8
Filling a Portable Fuel Container
{CAUTION:
{CAUTION:
If a fire starts while you are refueling, do not
remove the nozzle. Shut off the flow of fuel
by shutting off the pump or by notifying the
Never fill a portable fuel container while it is in
station attendant. Leave the area immediately.
your vehicle. Static electricity discharge from
the container can ignite the gasoline vapor.
You can be badly burned and your vehicle
Notice: If you need a new fuel cap, be sure to get
damaged if this occurs. To help avoid injury to
the right type. Your dealer can get one for you.
you and others:
If you get the wrong type, it may not fit properly.
Dispense gasoline only into approved
This may cause your malfunction indicator lamp to
containers.
light and may damage your fuel tank and emissions
system. See Malfunction Indicator Lamp on
Do not fill a container while it is inside a
page 3-30.
vehicle, in a vehicle’s trunk, pickup bed or
on any surface other than the ground.
Bring the fill nozzle in contact with the
inside of the fill opening before operating
the nozzle. Contact should be maintained
until the filling is complete.
Do not smoke while pumping gasoline.
5-9
Checking Things Under
Hood Release
the Hood
To open the hood, do the following:
1. Pull the hood release
handle inside the
{CAUTION:
vehicle. It is located on
the lower left side of
the instrument panel.
An electric fan under the hood can start up
and injure you even when the engine is not
running. Keep hands, clothing and tools away
from any underhood electric fan.
{CAUTION:
Things that burn can get on hot engine parts
and start a fire. These include liquids like fuel,
oil, coolant, brake fluid, windshield washer
and other fluids, and plastic or rubber. You or
others could be burned. Be careful not to drop
or spill things that will burn onto a hot engine.
2. Then go to the front of the vehicle and lift up on the
secondary hood release lever, located under the
front center of the hood.
5-10
3. Lift the hood and release the hood prop from its
Before closing the hood, be sure all the filler caps are
retainer located on the underside of the hood.
on properly. Then lift the hood to relieve pressure on the
hood prop. Remove the hood prop from the slot in the
inner fender and return the prop to its retainer. Lower the
hood 12 inches (30 cm) above the vehicle and release
it to latch fully. Check to make sure the hood is
closed and repeat the process if necessary.
4. Place the hood prop into the slot on the inner
fender.
5-11
Engine Compartment Overview
When you open the hood, here is what you will see:
Automatic shown, Manual similar
5-12
A.
Engine Air Cleaner/Filter. See Engine Air
Engine Oil
Cleaner/Filter on page 5-17.
B.
Engine Oil Fill Cap. See “When to Add Engine Oil”
If the oil pressure light
under Engine Oil on page 5-13.
appears on the instrument
cluster, it means you
C.
Engine Oil Dipstick. See “Checking Engine Oil”
need to check your engine
under Engine Oil on page 5-13.
oil level right away.
D.
Brake Fluid Reservoir. See “Brake Fluid” under
Brakes on page 5-33.
E.
Automatic Transaxle Dipstick. See Automatic
Transaxle Fluid on page 5-18.
For more information, see Oil Pressure Light on
page 3-33.
F.
Engine Coolant Surge Tank. See Cooling System
on page 5-26.
You should check your engine oil level regularly; this is
G.
Engine Compartment Fuse Block. See Engine
an added reminder.
Compartment Fuse Block on page 5-82.
Checking Engine Oil
H.
Battery. See Battery on page 5-36.
It is a good idea to check your engine oil every time you
I.
Power Steering Fluid Reservoir. See Power Steering
get fuel. In order to get an accurate reading, the oil
Fluid on page 5-31.
must be warm and the vehicle must be on level ground.
J.
Windshield Washer Fluid Reservoir. See “Adding
The engine oil dipstick handle is a yellow loop. See
Washer Fluid” under Windshield Washer Fluid
Engine Compartment Overview on page 5-12 for
on page 5-32.
the location of the engine oil dipstick.
1. Turn off the engine and give the oil several minutes
to drain back into the oil pan. If you do not do this,
the oil dipstick might not show the actual level.
2. Pull the dipstick and clean it with a paper towel or
cloth, then push it back in all the way. Remove it
again, keeping the tip down and check the level.
5-13
When to Add Engine Oil
What Kind of Engine Oil to Use
If the oil is at or below the lower hole at the tip of the
dipstick (B), then you will need to add at least one quart
of oil. But you must use the right kind. This section
explains what kind of oil to use. For engine oil crankcase
capacity, see Capacities and Specifications on
page 5-85.
Notice: Do not add too much oil. If your engine has
so much oil that the oil level gets above the upper
hole (A) that shows the proper operating range, your
engine could be damaged.
Look for two things:
See Engine Compartment Overview on page 5-12 for
GM6094M
the location of the engine oil fill cap.
Your vehicle’s engine requires oil meeting GM
Be sure to add enough oil to put the level somewhere in
Standard GM6094M. You should look for and use
the proper operating range, between the holes on the
only an oil that meets GM Standard GM6094M.
dipstick. Push the dipstick all the way back in when you
are through.
5-14
SAE 5W-30
Notice: Use only engine oil identified as meeting
GM Standard GM6094M and showing the American
As shown in the viscosity chart, SAE 5W-30 is best
Petroleum Institute Certified For Gasoline Engines
for your vehicle.
starburst symbol. Failure to use the recommended
These numbers on an oil container show its
oil can result in engine damage not covered by
viscosity, or thickness. Do not use other viscosity
your warranty.
oils such as SAE 20W-50.
GM Goodwrench® oil meets all the requirements for
Oils meeting these
your vehicle.
requirements should also
If you are in an area of extreme cold, where the
have the starburst
temperature falls below −20°F (−29°C), it is
symbol on the container.
recommended that you use either an SAE 5W-30
This symbol indicates
synthetic oil or an SAE 0W-30 oil. Both will provide
that the oil has been
easier cold starting and better protection for your engine
certified by the American
at extremely low temperatures.
Petroleum Institute (API).
Engine Oil Additives
Do not add anything to your oil. The recommended oils
with the starburst symbol that meet GM Standard
GM6094M are all you will need for good performance
You should look for this information on the oil container,
and engine protection.
and use only those oils that are identified as meeting
GM Standard GM6094M and have the starburst symbol
on the front of the oil container.
5-15
When to Change Engine Oil
What to Do with Used Oil
If any one of these is true for you, use the short trip/city
Used engine oil contains certain elements that may be
maintenance schedule:
unhealthy for your skin and could even cause cancer.
Do not let used oil stay on your skin for very long. Clean
Most trips are less than 5 miles (8 km). This is
your skin and nails with soap and water, or a good
particularly important when outside temperatures
hand cleaner. Wash or properly dispose of clothing or
are below freezing.
rags containing used engine oil. See the manufacturer’s
Most trips include extensive idling, such as frequent
warnings about the use and disposal of oil products.
driving in stop-and-go traffic.
Used oil can be a threat to the environment. If you
You frequently tow a trailer or use a carrier on top
change your own oil, be sure to drain all the oil from
of your vehicle.
the filter before disposal. Never dispose of oil by putting
it in the trash, pouring it on the ground, into sewers,
The vehicle is used for delivery service, police, taxi,
or into streams or bodies of water. Instead, recycle it by
or other commercial application.
taking it to a place that collects used oil. If you have
Driving under these conditions causes engine oil to
a problem properly disposing of your used oil, ask your
break down sooner. If any one of these is true for your
dealer, a service station or a local recycling center
vehicle, then you need to change your oil and filter
for help.
every 3,000 miles (5 000 km) or 3 months — whichever
occurs first.
If none of them is true, use the long trip/highway
maintenance schedule. Change oil and filter every
7,500 miles (12 500 km) or 12 months — whichever
occurs first. Driving a vehicle with a fully warmed engine
under highway conditions will cause engine oil to
break down slower.
5-16
Engine Air Cleaner/Filter
When to Inspect the Engine
Air Cleaner/Filter
Inspect the engine air cleaner/filter every 15,000 miles
(25 000 km) and replace every 30,000 miles (50 000 km).
If you are driving in dusty/dirty conditions, inspect the
filter at each engine oil change.
How to Inspect the Engine
Air Cleaner/Filter
To inspect the engine air cleaner/filter remove the filter
from the vehicle and lightly shake the filter to release
loose dust and dirt. If the filter remains caked with dirt,
a new filter is required.
The engine air cleaner/filter is located in the engine
compartment on the passenger’s side of the vehicle.
See Engine Compartment Overview on page 5-12
for more information on location.
5-17
To inspect or replace the filter, do the following:
Automatic Transaxle Fluid
1. Remove the screws and lift off the cover.
When to Check
2. Inspect or replace the engine air cleaner/filter.
3. Put the cover back on tightly and tighten the screws.
Check your automatic transaxle fluid level at least twice
a year. Add fluid if needed. See At Least Twice a
See Using Your Maintenance Schedule on page 6-4
Year on page 6-18.
for replacement intervals.
How to Check
Because this operation can be a little difficult, you may
{CAUTION:
choose to have this done at the dealership service
department.
Operating the engine with the air cleaner/filter
If you do it yourself, be sure to follow all the instructions
off can cause you or others to be burned.
here, or you could get a false reading on the dipstick.
The air cleaner not only cleans the air; it helps
to stop flame if the engine backfires. If it is
Notice: Too much or too little fluid can damage the
transaxle. Too much can mean that some of the fluid
not there and the engine backfires, you could
could come out and fall on hot engine or exhaust
be burned. Do not drive with it off, and be
system parts, starting a fire. Too little fluid could
careful working on the engine with the air
cause the transaxle to overheat. Be sure to get an
cleaner/filter off.
accurate reading if you check the transaxle fluid.
Notice: If the air cleaner/filter is off, a backfire
can cause a damaging engine fire. And, dirt
can easily get into your engine, which will damage
it. Always have the air cleaner/filter in place
when you are driving.
5-18
Wait at least 30 minutes before checking the transaxle
Then, without shutting off the engine, follow these steps:
fluid level if you have been driving:
The automatic transaxle dipstick is located toward the
When outside temperatures are above 90°F (32°C).
front of the engine compartment, near the power
At high speed for quite a while.
steering fluid reservoir. See Engine Compartment
Overview on page 5-12 for more information on location.
In heavy traffic — especially in hot weather.
1.
Pull out the dipstick and wipe it with a clean rag
To get the right reading, the fluid should be at
or paper towel.
normal operating temperature, which is 158°F to 176°F
2.
Push the dipstick back in all the way, wait three
(70°C to 80°C).
seconds and then pull it back out again.
Get the vehicle warmed up by driving about
15 miles (24 km) when outside temperatures are
above 50°F (10°C). If it is colder than 50°F (10°C),
you may have to drive longer.
Checking the Fluid Level
Prepare your vehicle as follows:
Park your vehicle on a level place. Keep the engine
running.
3.
Check both sides of the dipstick, and read the lower
With the parking brake applied, place the shift lever
level. The fluid level must be between the two
in PARK (P).
dimples in the hot range.
With your foot on the brake pedal, move the shift
4.
If the fluid level is in the acceptable range, push the
lever through each gear range, pausing for about
dipstick back in all the way.
three seconds in each range. Then, position the shift
lever in PARK (P).
Let the engine run at idle for three to five minutes.
5-19
How to Add Fluid
Manual Transaxle Fluid
Refer to the Maintenance Schedule to determine
It is not necessary to check the transaxle fluid level.
what kind of transaxle fluid to use. See Part D:
A transaxle fluid leak is the only reason for fluid loss.
Recommended Fluids and Lubricants on page 6-24.
If a leak occurs, take the vehicle to the dealership
If the fluid level is low, add only enough of the proper
service department and have it repaired as soon as
fluid to bring the level into the area between the
possible. See Part D: Recommended Fluids and
two dimples in the hot range on the dipstick.
Lubricants on page 6-24 for the proper fluid to use.
1. Pull out the dipstick.
Hydraulic Clutch
2. Using a long-neck funnel, add enough fluid at the
dipstick hole to bring it to the proper level.
There is one reservoir for both the brake and the
It does not take much fluid, generally less than one
hydraulic clutch fluid. See Brakes on page 5-33 for more
pint (0.5 L). Do not overfill.
information.
The hydraulic clutch linkage in your vehicle is
Notice: Use of automatic transaxle fluid labeled
self-adjusting. The master cylinder reservoir is filled with
other than T-IV Automatic Transaxle Fluid may
hydraulic fluid.
damage your vehicle, and the damages may not
be covered by your warranty. Always use T-IV
A fluid loss in this system could indicate a problem.
labeled automatic transaxle fluid in your vehicle.
Have the system inspected and repaired.
See Part D: Recommended Fluids and Lubricants
on page 6-24 for more information.
When to Check and What to Use
3. After adding fluid, recheck the fluid level as
Refer to the Maintenance Schedule to determine
described under “How to Check,” earlier in
how often you should check the fluid level in your
this section.
master cylinder reservoir and for the proper fluid.
4. When the correct fluid level is obtained, push the
dipstick back in all the way.
5-20
See Part B: Owner Checks and Services on page 6-18
To check the fluid level, look on the side of the reservoir.
and Part D: Recommended Fluids and Lubricants
If the fluid reaches the MAX (A) mark on the reservoir,
on page 6-24.
the fluid level is correct. The reservoir is located
near the back of the engine compartment on the driver’s
How to Check and Add Fluid
side of the vehicle. See Engine Compartment Overview
on page 5-12 for more information on location.
Engine Coolant
The following explains your cooling system and how to
add coolant when it is low. If you have a problem
with engine overheating, see Engine Overheating on
page 5-24.
A 50/50 mixture of clean, drinkable water and proper
coolant will:
Give freezing protection down to −22°F (−30°C).
Give boiling protection up to 268°F (131°C).
Protect against rust and corrosion.
Help keep the proper engine temperature.
Let the warning lights and gages work as they
should.
5-21
What to Use
Notice: If you use an improper coolant mixture,
your engine could overheat and be badly damaged.
Use a 50/50 mixture of clean, drinkable water and coolant
The repair cost would not be covered by your
that meets GM Specification 1825M, which will not
warranty. Too much water in the mixture can freeze
damage aluminum parts. You can also use a recycled
and crack the engine, radiator, heater core and
coolant conforming to GM Specification 1825M with a
other parts.
complete coolant flush and refill. If you use this coolant
If you have to add coolant more than four times a year,
mixture, you do not need to add anything else.
have your dealer check your cooling system.
Notice: If you use the proper coolant, you do not
{CAUTION:
have to add extra inhibitors or additives which claim
to improve the system. These can be harmful.
Adding only plain water to your cooling
system can be dangerous. Plain water, or
some other liquid such as alcohol, can boil
before the proper coolant mixture will. Your
vehicle’s coolant warning system is set for the
proper coolant mixture. With plain water or the
wrong mixture, your engine could get too hot
but you would not get the overheat warning.
Your engine could catch fire and you or others
could be burned. Use a 50/50 mixture of clean,
drinkable water and the proper coolant.
5-22
Checking Coolant
{CAUTION:
Turning the surge tank pressure cap when the
engine and radiator are hot can allow steam
and scalding liquids to blow out and burn you
badly. Never turn the surge tank pressure
cap — even a little — when the engine and
radiator are hot.
The vehicle must be on a level surface. When your
engine is cold, the coolant level should be between the
MAX (A) and MIN (B) marks on the coolant surge
tank. The level rises at engine operation temperature
and drops again when the engine cools down.
The engine coolant surge tank is located in the rear
of the engine compartment on the driver’s side of
the vehicle. See Engine Compartment Overview on
page 5-12 for more information on location.
5-23
Adding Coolant
Engine Overheating
If the level falls below the MIN (B) mark, add the proper
You will find a coolant temperature gage on your
coolant mixture at the surge tank, but only when the
vehicle’s instrument panel cluster. See Engine Coolant
engine is cool. If the surge tank is empty, a special fill
Temperature Gage on page 3-23.
procedure is necessary. See Cooling System on
page 5-26 for instructions on “How to Add Coolant to
If Steam Is Coming From Your Engine
the Coolant Surge Tank.”
{CAUTION:
{CAUTION:
Steam from an overheated engine can burn
You can be burned if you spill coolant on hot
you badly, even if you just open the hood.
engine parts. Coolant contains ethylene glycol,
Stay away from the engine if you see or hear
and it will burn if the engine parts are hot
steam coming from it. Just turn it off and get
enough. Do not spill coolant on a hot engine.
everyone away from the vehicle until it cools
down. Wait until there is no sign of steam or
When replacing the pressure cap, make sure it is
coolant before you open the hood.
hand-tight.
If you keep driving when your engine is
overheated, the liquids in it can catch fire. You
Coolant Surge Tank Pressure Cap
or others could be badly burned. Stop your
engine if it overheats, and get out of the
Notice: If the pressure cap is not tightly installed,
vehicle until the engine is cool.
coolant loss and possible engine damage may
occur. Be sure the cap is properly and tightly
secured.
5-24
Notice: If your engine catches fire because you
If you no longer have the overheat warning, you can
keep driving with no coolant, your vehicle can
drive. Just to be safe, drive slower for about 10 minutes.
be badly damaged. The costly repairs would not
If the warning does not come back on, you can drive
be covered by your warranty.
normally.
If the warning continues and you have not stopped, pull
If No Steam Is Coming From Your
over, stop, and park your vehicle right away.
Engine
If there is still no sign of steam, you can idle the engine
If you get an engine overheat warning, but see or
for three minutes while you are parked. If you still
hear no steam, the problem may not be too serious.
have the warning, turn off the engine and get everyone
Sometimes the engine can get a little too hot when you:
out of the vehicle until it cools down.
Climb a long hill on a hot day.
You may decide not to lift the hood, but to get service
help right away.
Stop after high-speed driving.
Idle for long periods in traffic.
If you get the overheat warning with no sign of steam,
try this for a minute or so:
1. In heavy traffic, let the engine idle in NEUTRAL (N)
while stopped. If it is safe to do so, pull off the road,
shift to PARK (P) or NEUTRAL (N) and let the